By Douglas Vogt and Gary Sultan
Vector Associates, 11250 Old St Augustine Rd., #15, Suite 133, Jacksonville, FL 32257; Sales@vectorpub.com
The Great Pyramid of Giza
There are few wonders of the world that man can call his own. One of them is definitely the Great Pyramid of Giza. It is thought to have been built about 5,000 years ago, but in truth nobody knows how old the pyramid is; it could be 12,000 years old for all we know. It was at one time the most beautiful structure the earth had ever seen, past and present; but, unfortunately, there are unevolved beings that have no sense of beauty, no sense of what’s right and wrong. These individuals removed the limestone casing stones and also vandalized the inside passages in their quest for material wealth. Much to their surprise, there were no riches in it. This was because the pyramid’s wealth is in the knowledge obtained from its measurements and actual shape. In this section we will cover some of the measurements and what the pyramid shape does-the latter being the most important message of the pyramid.
The unit of measure used predominantly in the Great Pyramid is the sacred cubit. The sacred cubit is based on the size of the earth. It is 1/10,000,000th the radius of the earth taken from the center of the earth to the poles. The radius is 3,949.89 miles or 10 million sacred cubits (one sacred cubit = 25.0265 inches). (Figure 10.1)
The outside of the pyramid was covered with a white, highly polished limestone. There was a total of 144,000 of these blocks
covering an outside area of 22 acres. The pyramid was polished so that its reflection could be seen from space. These casing stones were as large as 5 feet high by 12 feet long by 8 feet wide, and weighed from 16 to 20 tons. The mean space between these blocks was 1/50th of an inch. Each block was cut with a mean tolerance of 1/100th of an inch to form very flat plains for each of the sides. This includes the 75-inch-long slope side. Today we cannot cut stones anywhere that size to tolerances that close, because the large diamond blades that are used to cut stones start to warp when they are used for some time and would be off by as much as one half inch. The only way those stones could have been cut was by laser. When we consider that the stones that make up the beams of the king’s chamber are 27 feet long by 5 feet wide by 7 feet high, and weigh 70 tons each, how else could they have been cut? It has been calculated that there are a total of 2,500,000 blocks that make up the pyramid. The stones range in weight from 2 ½ tons to 70 tons. It is the largest and most massive structure on the earth. The pyramid is solid stone, about 90 million cubic feet, except for the small portion that is passages or rooms. It is made up mostly of limestone, and syenite1 was used where strength was needed. All of the stone came from quarries from 15 to 500 miles away. There are two air holes connecting the king’s chamber to the outside; and two air holes connecting the queen’s chamber to the outside. The angles of these air holes are about 30 degrees up from the rooms. These holes are about 230 feet long and are very round and of equal inside diameter the entire length of the holes. How did the ancient Egyptians, with no sophisticated drilling tools, drill through a material like syenite (hardness 6-7) for 215-235 feet and also drill exactly to where they wanted. This drilling had to have been done with a laser. The next conclusion is that it wasn’t the ancient Egyptians who did the drilling. Let’s go further with more facts about this pyramid.
There are about 80 pyramid-type buildings or remains of pyramids in Egypt. The Great Pyramid is the oldest of them all and is in the best condition today. All the rest of the pyramids are smaller and are of inferior workmanship. The Great Pyramid is the only one with internal chambers and passageways above ground
1Syenite consists of: Feldspar, hornblend with pyroxene, hardness, 6-7 Ca A12S12O8 and Na A113O8 and Ca (Mg, Fe) Si2O6
level. It is, also, the only one that has no hieroglyphics in it. Our conclusion is that the pyramid came first, then the Egyptians came and tried to duplicate the original, with or without the help of the original builders. The point has been argued about by archeologists: could the Egyptians have built it at their level of technological development? We believe not. Especially since the basic unit of measure is the sacred cubit, which is based on the radius of the earth. How could these primitive people know this information, unless they were told it by a more advanced people?
The next points we wish to mention are items that the ancient Egyptians could not have known. Many of them in fact we have only discovered or calculated in this century. They are as follows: the pyramid’s shape is based on pi [See Note Below]. This is to say that the height of the pyramid is equal to the radius of a circle whose circumference is equal to the circumference of the pyramid (Figure 10.2). The resulting slope of the pyramid is 51º 51’ 14.3”. Keep in mind that pi was not worked out to four places until Arya-Bhata, a Hindu scholar, came along in 500 AD. (6) We do not say that the Egyptians did not know the relationship between the diameter of
THE HEIGHT OF A PYRAMID BASED ON PI (pi) IS THE SAME AS THE RADIUS OF A CIRCLE WHOSE CIRCUMFERENCE IS THE SAME AS THE BASE OF THE PYRAMIDS.
51 degrees 51’ 14.3”
Figure 10.2 Drawing showing the pyramids relationship to a circle
Durring 1981 We discovered that the Great Pyramids actual measurements produced an angle of 52.6º. We also discovered the math formula that produced a more accruate angle and that being 52.606º. The formula incorporated the invers square law with ex. We know why this angle was chosen and I will explain it in the next book. The Egyptions certinally did not kow the value of the natural log and there is no visable reason why they would build such a massive structure based on ex. I will publishing the formula in my next book and explain why it was built with these measurements. The remaining references to the pyramid angle have been corrected to the new angle of 52.606º.
a circle and its circumference, but it is highly unlikely that they would have taken pi and correlated it with another geometric shape at their level of mathematics. It is even more unlikely that they would have built such a huge structure and based its shape on pi, since the later pyramids were not based on pi. The question is, why build the first based on pi and not any of the others? The conclusion is that their math had not evolved to connect pi with a geometric shape. In fact, we don’t know if 5,000 years ago they even knew what pi was. Pi is one of the two most important numbers that we know of. In calculating almost anything from the movements of stars to the movements of the atom, we have to know the value of pi.
The next interesting fact is that the pyramid was built so that its north side was exactly perpendicular to true north. This doesn’t seem like a difficult task, but even today the most accurate we have been able to obtain is 6 minutes (the Paris Observatory). The pyramid today is off by 3 minutes; but this is probably due to the continental drift over the last 5,000 years.
The pyramid was placed in the exact center of the world’s land mass. If we draw a longitude (north-south) through the pyramid and a latitude (east-west) through it also, we will have divided the earth into four equal parts of land and water. There is no way the Egyptians could have known about this unless they were as technologically advanced as we are today. The pyramid also has concealed in its measurements the average elevation of the earth above sea level. The elevation has been calculated by computer to be 455 feet. The height of the Great Pyramid is 454½ feet. The ocean level has been calculated to be about 193 feet, 7 inches below the base line of the pyramid. The same number shows up if you take the circumference of the pyramid (in inches), divide by pi 1,162.6” x 2 = 2,325.2” or 193’ 9”.
Scientists have estimated the density of the earth to be 5.672 times the weight of water, at 68º F. The pyramid calculates it at 5.7 times. (7)
The weight of the earth has been calculated to be 5.3 x 1020 tons. The estimated weight of the pyramid is 5.3 x 106 tons or one thousand trillionth part of the earth’s weight.
The pyramid also tells us that the mean distance of the earth to the sun is 93 million miles. This number is derived from the base calculations. The most recent scientific measurements put it at 92.9 million miles.
There are some more items we will briefly mention. One is that the pyramid also reveals that the true shape of the earth is not perfectly round but bulges at the equatorial regions. It also tells us the exact number of days in the solar year (365.259 days), the number of days between the equinoxes, the length of the earth’s orbit, and the length of the earth’s axis of rotation. (6)
There are many angles and measurements contained in the Great Pyramid. Many of these measurements and angles have been interpreted to be physical data about this planet and our solar system. Some very good books on the subject are Life and Work at the Great Pyramid, by C. Piazzi Smyth, 1867 and Pyramidology, by Adam Ruthford, 1957. They go into the measurements in great detail. Our purpose is to tell you why the Great Pyramid is important and what the builders of this structure were telling man.
With all these facts, it is evident that the ancient Egyptians could not have known this information. It is also obvious that they did not construct it either. So, now that we have been enlightened, we must ask ourselves, who did build that pyramid (and more importantly, why)? We don’t know if we can ever answer the question of who built it, though we can say this for them; they were very advanced beings. As to why they built it, we don’t think it was simply to tell man about his planet or solar system; that could have been done by writing such information on stone tablets-a much more efficient and direct way. No, it seems that the Great Pyramid was built as an IQ test for man to figure out its real message. The information the pyramid contains in its measurements is merely to give it credence, proof that its real message is the truth.
It is very simple to build a pyramid of your own; but you must be sure it is built to the correct proportion and angle, which is 52.606º It is a lot of fun to try experiments with it, to see how things grow inside the pyramid. A good book to learn from is The Guide to Pyramid Energy by Bill Kerrell and Kathy Goggin, (1975). This book goes into great detail about the effects that the pyramid has on plants, people, and various animals. Some of these effects are: food kept under the pyramid will stay fresh for two to
three times longer than uncovered food. Artificial flavorings in food will loose their taste, but natural flavors are enhanced. The taste of foods change; they become less bitter and acid. When we take a spectrographic reading of the treated item, it will show a change in the molecular structure. The pyramid will dehydrate and mummify things, but it will not permit decay or mold to grow. There is also a slowing or complete stopping of the growth of microorganisms.
Dr. Carl Benedicks (a Swedish scientist) discovered that the pyramid produced a resonance or frequency inside. (6) Two German scientists, Born and Lertes, also discovered that this frequency was in the microwave range. Researchers say that items placed under the pyramid stay “charged” for various lengths of time after being taken from under the pyramid. It has been found that water keeps its “charge” longer than anything else. Water will loose its chlorine taste and generally tastes better. (6)
Plants grown under the pyramid grow about twice as fast, in their early life, than do plants that are not grown under it. The treated young plants look healthier and have less insect damage.
It has been found that a copper pyramid has the best effects and intensifies the effect on organic materials. The pyramid also has an effect on inorganic items. It is well known that razor blades are kept sharper longer if placed under a pyramid between uses.
Bill Kerell is a pyramid researcher who has been doing experiments with pyramids for about 17 years. He has done many experiments using brine shrimp. Brine shrimp usually live 6 to 7 weeks; but under the pyramids, Bill has kept them alive for over a year. He also noticed that pyramid-grown shrimp grew two to three times larger than normal. Bill has also done a lot of work with humans. One of the things he and his associates have found is that hypertensive individuals become tranquilized, but lethargic people become energetic again.
Alot of work has been done with individuals who meditate. It has been found that the theta and alpha brain waves are increased. These frequencies are also higher and the signal strength is twice the amplitude of normal. The most common effects that meditators say happen to them when they are under the pyramid are: a sense of weightlessness; a time distortion, both of speed and slowing down; a tingling sensation on the skin, similar to that of mild electricity; an increase in the skin temperature; a tranquilizing
effect on the nervous system; a deeper “dropping off “ in the transcendental state; and finally, very graphic dreams in vivid color.
Pyramids have also been experimented with by doctors. Bill has been told by a doctor from a Canadian hospital that they tried using a pyramid in their burn ward. The results were that after being under the pyramid for a few minutes, the patients’ pain started to go away. They also found that the burn areas healed much faster.
The preceding are only some of the effects of the pyramid shape. Keep in mind that all these effects are related to each other.
Now we will go thorugh the major effects and explain them with our Theory of Multidimensional Reality. No other theory from science or the occult field can explain what this “energy” is and how it affects objects.
The first thing we notice about the pyramid is that it puts things back the way they are supposed to be; it makes things more perfect. The first thing we must ask ourselves is how does an object “know” to change its condition to a more perfect state than before? To explain this is simple, using our theory. To restate it, the information that makes everything up in the universe exists somewhere else (in the first dimension); and the shape of the diehold (where the information is stored) is an octahedron based on pi. As explained in the chapter on crystals, as the signal is modulated into this dimension, it is made up of several parts. One part is the more important carrier wave the other is the signal that makes up the element. As these frequencies take shape, or modulate, they form a vector angle of energy that is a physical representation of the frequency. The one frequency that is common with all elements is the carrier wave. The vector angle of energy formed by the carrier wave frequency is 52.606º. So when we build a pyramid with this angle, we are building a copy of the diehold (more technically it should be considered a tuned circuit). This pyramid we have built is both a transmitter and receiver in one. This is why we can build a pyramid out of any material, and it will work. The elements in the material used for the pyramid start to oscillate. It is true that metal pyramids give greater readings and better results but that is because, as shown in the part on minerals, all of the most commonly used metals form octahedron crystals in their natural states. This means that the frequencies of
these elements are relatively harmonic to the basic carrier wave. They are also good conductors of electricity, which means that they transfer information better than others. When an object is placed inside the pyramid, it receives the information that makes it up on a stronger or amplified basis. It makes no difference what is put into it. The razor blade will stay sharp because the information that makes up those microscopic metal crystals will try to remain in their original shape by trying to move atoms to the areas worn away. This is the same thing mentioned in the crystal growing chapter.
The microwave frequencies mentioned earlier are either part of this carrier wave frequency or a product of it. This frequency raises the potential of the elements and, so to speak, “charges them.” When the water is being charged, it is actually the oxygen molecule that is being charged, since the oxygen molecule is the element in the water that forms the octahedron crystal. We theorize that the oxygen vectors realign themselves when under the pyramid. Scientists have confirmed what we are saying; they see a change in the molecular structure of the water, but they don’t know why. (6)
The same explanation can be applied to the plants and the food placed under the pyramid. If the plant is growing under the pyramid, it is receiving amplified information of its self. The stronger the signal, the more energy the plant has. The more the information it receives about itself, the less chance for-imperfections in its construction, which would cause disease,, mold, or other organisms to attack it. The increased signal in humans shows up in the fact that the theta and alpha brain waves increase in both frequency and amplification.
The reason people heal faster under the pyramid is for the same reason. We receive the signal that makes us up stronger. If we have an infection on a part of our body, what is happening is that the information that makes up that part of our body is being interfered with by the information that makes up the infection or the cancer. What the pyramid does is increase the signal that makes us up. The disease goes away because, in the diehold, the domains of information that make up man are not supposed to include the information that makes up the disease. The result is that the information that makes up the body overcomes the signal that makes up the disease.
If our theory is correct about the pyramid, we should be able to detect a time phase shift from our normal reality. Our assumption was proven in 1968 by Dr. Luis Alvarez and a distinguished team of scientists. They were trying to find any hidden chambers inside the Great Pyramid of Giza. The technique they used was to record millions of cosmic rays that passed through the pyramid. The cosmic rays lose energy in direct proportion to the amount of mass they must pass through. By using a computer to extrapolate the information, they could determine the inside and outside shape of the pyramid. When they first played the tape at the University of Cairo, the information clearly showed the locations of the sides, corners, and other outside features but did not indicate any new chambers inside. When they played the tape on another computer to test the results, they came up with a different pattern than before. The important features that should have shown up were missing; when they sent a copy of the tape to Berkeley, California, they came up with different results every time they ran the tape. Their conclusion was that there is a substantial error in the geometry of the pyramid which affects the computer program, or there are energy forces present in the pyramid that defy explanation by our laws of physics. (6-pl64) The explanation to what happened is that the computer and recording device inside the pyramid had a time shift. The internal clock in the computer was off, so it did not properly transfer information from the core area to the tape storage device. This time shift was then recorded on the tape. Every time the tape was replayed, it duplicated the time shift; thereby giving different results every time.
This effect is of the same type as Uri Geller’s effect on computers; as we say, everything in the universe is related. We said at the beginning of this chapter, we would tell you why the Great Pyramid was built. The reason is now quite obvious: the builders were telling us the most important secret about our own existencethat the information that makes up everything exists in a structure like the pyramid.
Do not think that the Great Pyramid in Egypt is the only one like it on earth. There is an even larger pyramid in China near the border of India and Russia; not much is known about it except that it is at least twice as large as the one in Egypt. The reason so
little is known about it is because the Chinese won’t let anyone near it; and it is also hard to get close to it because it gives off a great deal of energy.
There are another two on the Yucatan Penninsula of Mexico, near the town of Palenque. They were discovered by the French explorer, Waldeck, about 1850. He described them as having been, at the time, in a perfect state of preservation; square at the base, pointed at the top, and thirty-one feet high; their sides forming equilateral triangles. As far as we know, no other explorer has been able to confirm his discovery, because the area near Palenque is dense jungle. If these pyramids could be rediscovered, it would mean that they would be the only two Egyptian-type pyramids in all of the America still existing today.
If there is still doubt in your mind about the importance of the pyramid, this should end it. On the Mariner 9 flight to Mars in 1971, Mariner 9 photographed two pyramids on Mars (Figure 10.3). They are estimated to be 9,800 feet across at the base and 6,300 feet high. It is generally accepted that these are not natural formations. What then are they? You will notice that they are threesided and not very well defined, unlike the pyramids we have been describing here on earth; but they are the same four-sided pyramids. The key to their present day appearance is the fact that there are estimated to be winds of about 300 miles per hour on the surface of Mars. As we know from the Viking 1 and 2 flights, there is lots of sand and dirt particles in the Mars atmosphere. We also know that if there was life on Mars, it must have existed there many millions of years ago. So what has happened is that the sand has built up on three sides of the pyramids, making them appear three-sided. The mound on the right might also be another pyramid, since it is in line with the others; and it is equidistant from the others. It might have been damaged over the years. To test our theory, we formed a regular pyramid out of damp sand. We placed dry sand in front of the pyramid to act as the sand and dirt in the air. Then we directed a stream of air from a vacuum exhaust toward the pyramid, also sprinkling more sand in front of the jet of air. The result was that the sand built up in front like a wedge and also in the back, just as in the pictures of Mars.
Figure 10.3 Photo of the pyramids on Mars sent back by Mariner 9. Courtesy of NASA.
The conclusion of all this is that the pyramid shape is an important stage in civilization’s evolution to understanding what man’s existence is all about. It can also be said that these massive structures, both on Earth and on Mars, had a specific function for the builders, which was important enough for them to spend great amounts of time and resources on them.
In doing our research for this section, we came across information about other types of pyramids made of dirt. Many of them were found with vaults or rooms inside, with and without skeltons in them.
These pyramids and mounds were literally found all over the world. To quote Sir John Lubbock, a famous 19th century archeologist:
“In our own island the smaller tumuli may be seen in almost every down (hill); in the Orkney alone it is estimated that more than two thousand still remain, and in Denmark they are even more abundant; they are found all over Europe from the shores of the Atlantic to the Ural mountains; in Asia they are scattered over the great steppes, from the borders of Russia to the Pacific ocean and from the plains of Siberia to those of Hindustan; the entire plain of Jellabad is literally covered with tumuli and mounds. In America they are to be numbered by thousands and tens of thousands; nor are they wanting in Africa, where the pyramids exhibit the most magnificent development of the same idea; indeed, the whole world is studded with the burial places of the dead. Many of them, indeed, are small, but some are very large. The mound on Silbury hill is the highest in Great Britain; it has a height of 187 feet. Though it is evidently artificial, there is some doubt whether it is sepulchral.” (2-p60)
We don’t want to forget the hundreds of steeped pyramids that were found in Central and South America, many of which had sides aligned to the four corners of the compass. At first we were debating whether we should include a description of these mounds and pyramids in this book, since it did not seem on the surface that it would help to explain the Theory of Multidimensional Reality; but as we read these descriptions of pyramid mounds, a
very important clue about what had happened on this planet came through loud and clear. If we could explain a phenomena that happened on this planet many thousands of years ago, using our Theory of Multidimensional Reality, we would have indirectly proved an important part (Astronomy Section) of the theory.
As you read this section, ask yourself these questions: How did primitive” people all over this planet know to build pyramids at about the same time in history? Why was it so important to them that they would devote a great deal of time, effort, and natural resources to their construction? The archeologists say that they were burial mounds for important people in the society. Our answer is that it might be true for some of the more recent mounds; but since there are so many all over the world, it is highly doubtful that they were all burial mounds. You would then be assuming that most of the cultures of the world had developed the same method for burying the dead. People can’t agree on that today so why assume they would agree on it some ten to fifteen thousand years ago? Also, the archeologists would have to explain how all these different cultures, with different languages and writing, and separated by thousands of miles of ocean, were able to communicate this idea.
The first pyramids we will cover are the ones in China. These pyramids are four-sided and are aligned to the four corners of the compass. They are made of hardened clay. They have never been excavated like the ones in Egypt or the Americas because the Chinese revere these pyramids and would never disturb them. There are two good descriptions of these pyramids in China from explorers who were in China in the latter part of the 19th century. One of them is Francis H. Hichols. In his travels in Shensi Province, he gave this description of some of these pyramid mounds: (Figure 10.4)
“Besides ruined and deserted mud villages, the only objects which broke the monotony of the landscape were mounds which dotted the plain between Sian and fords of the Wei Ho River. The mounds were built by men, but when or for what purpose is a mystery. The mounds
Figure 10.4 Photo of pyramids in the provence of Shensi, China
were all pyramidal in shape. They were made of a kind of clay, apparently a different material from the loess of the plain.... Although the action of time and the elements had partly obliterated the former angularity of the outline of the mounds, their original shape was still plainly discernible. They were all square pyramids, about eighty feet in height from the centre of the plane of the base to the apex. The four base lines of each pyramid are of equal length, usually about 300 feet. It seemed as though an intention were apparent in their construction to have the four sides square with the points of the compass. The road from Sian to San Yuan runs directly north, and as we passed a succession of mounds on either side of it, I noticed that we were always confronted by the face of the pyramid, and never by one of its corners. The base lines of its northern and southern sides were invariably at right angles with the road. I found also that, although scattered over an area of ten square miles, the corresponding sides of any two of the pyramids always faced in the same way. Although I did not test accurately their points of direction, I am strongly of the opinion that lines drawn at right angles with the four bases of the sides of any of the pyramids would lead directly north, east, south, and west.
The mounds have always been held in great veneration by the people of the surrounding country. They are situated in the midst of a plain where until the famine every square foot of ground was in demand for cultivation, yet no crop was ever sown or reaped on the sides of the
mounds. They are regarded as mysteries, and consequently it would be bad luck for any one to attempt to dig into them.” (4-p243-4)
As you can see by the above description of this amateur archeologist, there were many of these very large pyramids along this road aligned to the four corners of the compass, just like the Great Pyramid in Giza. The angles are not the same as the pyramid in Giza, but this is due to the fact that they were made of dirt; and were exposed to the elements for about 12,000 years. The next pyramid in China was mentioned by Mrs. J. F. Bishop in 1900. (8) She was visiting the city of Ichang, located up the Yangtze River. She says:
“On the opposite side are cliffs along the river front, backed by hills and fine mountains, among which are fantastic peaks and pyramids, one of them known as Pyramid Hill, exactly resembling the Great Pyramid in shape, and said to have the same height and area as its prototype.” (8-pl44-5)
Please notice that the pyramids existing in China are of rather immense size. If the pyramid across from Ichang is as large as Mrs. Bishop says, it is at least 90 million cubic feet of earth. This represents an immense amount of work and natural resources for an ancient, “primitive” society. It is doubtful that any ruler or government could convince its subjects to build such massive structures just to be a burial ground for its rulers. It seems logical that the only way a government could get its people to build such structures is if it were a “life or death” situation.
Pyramids and Mounds of North America
The next group of pyramids and mounds we will go into are the mounds of North America. American archeologists have done a marvelous job of exploring and categorizing these mounds and pyramids all over the United States. As we go through them, you will begin to see a curious observation about the layers of the mounds. Also, keep asking yourself questions, like: Why would “primitive” man bother to build this type of structure just for a burial?
First of all, we must determine the age of these mounds, so we may know what time spans we are dealing with relative to us. The best proof of the ages of most of these mounds are the artifacts depicting animals living at that time. The first bit of evidence we wish to mention is the elephant mound that was discovered in Wyalusing, Wisconsin (Figure 10.5). The mound was discovered in a shallow valley between two sandy ridges. It was eight feet above the water mark. The elephant mound was 133 feet long and had a trunk 31 feet long. The trunk might have been longer, but flood waters could have erroded away the end of the trunk. The only animal reasonably depicted is the extinct mastodon. (3-pl62)
In Davenport, Iowa, two clay pipes were found that were in the shapes of mastodons. There were other such “elephant pipes” found in other parts of the country. (3-pl62) It is generally believed by anthropologists that the mammoth, mastodons, and giant ground sloths died out at the same time as the last great ice age. The next bit of evidence is that archeologists have found in several mounds the remains of mammoth or mastodon tusks that were used by mound builders for decroation or personal adornment. (3-pl53) The last important factor to determine the mounds’ age is the age of the skeltons found in them. Many of the skeltons were in a very advanced stage of decay, not enabling them to be preserved. With all this evidence, the only logical conclusion we can reach is that the people who built these pyramids and mounds lived before the last ice age.
Figure 10.5 Elephant mound in Wyalusing, Wisconsin
The mounds in the United States are divided into five different groups. They are the lower Mississippi Valley District, which includes Mississippi, Lousiana, Arkansas, Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia; the middle Mississippi Valley District, which includes Missouri and Kentucky. These two districts are generally included together because the mounds built in the entire district are similar in construction and in the artifacts found in them. In this district were some of the best examples of mound building in North America. It is generally accepted that whatever culture started building these mounds, the knowledge for their construction came from the Gulf of Mexico and traveled northward along the Mississippi Valley. The next district is the upper Mississippi Valley District, which includes Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, and Ohio. The Northern District is called the Wisconsin District and finally we have the New York District. This is not implying that mounds were found only in these states, because pyramid mounds were found in all southern and coastal Atlantic states.
The first district we will cover is the lower and middle Mississippi Valley District. In Mississippi, near the town of Washington, there was discovered an incomplete pyramid measuring 600 feet x 400 feet at the base and 40 feet high (Figure 10.6). It covers nearly 16 acres of ground. Its sides are perpendicular to the four corners of the compass. Along with this large pyramid were also found nine other pyramids, as the picture depicts. Noted that all the pyramids were perpendicular to the four points of the compass. (2-pl77) Another group of pyramids in Georgia was situated 12 miles below the city of Augusta on the Savannah River. There were two mounds in an enclosure. The largest mound measured 58 feet in diameter at the summit and 185 feet at the base. Its height was 37 feet. When it was excavated, they found beneath the surface a layer of charcoal, bones, shells, ashes, and baked earth, 12 inches thick. Just east of this mound was a smaller mound measuring 114 feet in diameter and 15 feet high. (2-pl82) The next pyramid in this area is the Messir Mound. It was a four-sided pyramid, 324 x 188 feet at the base and 57 feet high. The summit platform measured 156 x 66 feet. The pyramid was situated on the summit of a hill. The pyramid was estimated to contain 75,000 cubic yards of earth. (2-pl83) As you can see by the description of these pyramids, these are all immense structures for any civilization to construct; and considering that these societies were believed to
Figure 10.6 Drawing of the pyramids near Washington, Mississippi
be primitive, it is quite amazing that they would have bothered to build these structures. The next pyramid was a rectangular, flattopped pyramid, near the town of Carterville in Northern Virginia. It was ovre 60 feet high and cover three acres of land. It consisted of 4.3 million cubic feet of earth. (3-p306) Many of the pyramids found in North America had earthen walls around these pyramid mounds. One example of these is located in Bolivar County, Mississippi (Figure 10.7).
There are two partially finished pyramids surrounded by a circular wall 2,300 feet in circumference and four feet high. One of the pyramids in the center is 175 feet square and 20 feet high. The other is 135 feet square and 15 feet high. There are, also, two
smaller mounds in this circular area; but they are only 30 feet in diameter and five feet high; both pyramids are oriented to the four corners of the compass and are off no more than two degrees due north.
At the junction of the Acatahoola, Ouachita and Tensas rivers is another group of pyramids in an enclosure containing 200 acres of land. The surrounding wall is about 10 feet high. Within the walls there are four pyramid mounds that are 100 x 300 feet at the base and 20 feet high. It should be noted that the pyramids were never completed. It appears they did not have enough time to finish their construction. An interesting question you should ask yourself is why should any “primitive” people want to align any buildings to the four points of the compass?
There is another pyramid in the enclosure which is over 200 feet across the base and 80 feet high. This larger pyramid has two terraces. The summit looks like a flatened cone.
In Madison Parish, Louisiana, some seven miles from the Mississippi River, there are seven large, regular pyramids (Figure 10.8).
Two pyramids are about 225 feet long, 165 feet broad, and 30 feet high. There are several terraces on these pyramids. There are three pyramids that are connected. The central one is 96 feet square at the base and 10 feet high. The two others are 60 feet square and 8 feet high. The three are connected by a wall or terrace, 40 feet wide and four feet high. (2-pl75) There is another set of pyramids similar to the ones in Madison Parish located at Prairie Jefferson (Figure 10.9). Below is a chart of the dimensions of the pyramids at Prairie Jefferson. Going farther north, in Arkansas, at Poverty Point, along the Arkansas River, there was discovered an
N0. SIZE OF BASE. SIZE OF BASE.. SIZE OF TOP. HEIGHT.
A Square Pyramid......... 180x135.... 5lx45 48
B Square Pyramid.................... 210x75 5
C Square Pyramid........ 132xl32 ............. 4
D Square Pyramid 4
E Square Pyramid.............................. 16x42 10
...................... 135 ft feet broad, 4 feet high.
Embankment, E to F. 1 .,long, 15
F Square Pyramid.............................. 60x78 12
G Square Pyramid............................ 60x7l 12
H Square Pyramid.............................. 60x74 1
I Square Pyramid.............................. 36x45 10
Roadway is. 1050 feet long, 12 broad, 3 high. Pyramids E, F, H, 1, have terraces and same relation to the central mound. Dirt for embankments was taken from ponds.
amazing archeological sight. It was discovered in 1953 by James A. Ford of the American Museum of Natural History in New York. It was a set of six concentric octagons. The outer ring of octagons was three quarters of a mile across. Some of these ridges were washed away by the Arkansas River some time in the distant past. It had washed away the eastern half of these ridges. Mr. Ford estimated that the total length of the original ridges would have been about 11.2 miles across. The wall was estimated to be originally six feet high by eight feet thick. It was calculated to be 530,000 cubic yards of earth. At the same archeological sight was a magnificent pyramid mound measuring 700 feet by 800 feet at the base and 70 feet high. Mr. Ford estimated it must have taken over three million man hours of labor to accomplish this tremendous feat. He also estimates that all this construction was done in one single effort. (3-p256-7) The first thing that comes to mind is that with archeological sites of these sizes found in the southern states, these may not have been a primitive peoples at all. They certainly must have had a fairly organized government able to command the loyalty of its subjects well enough to construct such mammoth sights. The citizenry and the government of the time must have had a very good reason to build these monstrous structures. It is doubtful that any kind of government could undertake this type of construction project for anything like a burial sight for a selected few or a mere temple. Considering that we estimate these structures to be at least 12,000 years old, they must have been much larger originally because of the erosion factor. Some of these large pyramids were never fully explored so there is very little information regarding the layering of these pyramids. There is much more information about layering from the middle Mississippi Valley Districts, which we will cover next.
On the Little Tennessee River there were found a number of clay mounds varying in diameter from six to 15 feet. They were built in layers. Between the layers of clay were found charcoal and ashes. In the center were found a number of skeltons. In the middle Mississippi Valley District, the pyramids are characterized by stone vaults and some pyramidal mounds.
In Pike County, Missouri, there were found several mounds with limestone vaults nine feet square and about three feet high (Figure 10.10). Some mounds had a passageway from the vault to the outside. There have been mounds found with two and more rec-
Figure 10.10 Drawing of stone vault found in Pike County, Missouri
tangular and oval chambers in them. There was one mound found with four rooms containing human bones and having two entrances (Figure 10.11). (2-p75) Professor Broadhead described the following about the pyramids he had found in this area:
“They contain regularly built vaults, the walls being about three feet “”I high, enclosing a space eight feet square, with right angles. The walls were built up with a regular perpendicular face, more true to the line than many so-called masons would place them, the layers of limestone being very regular. The crypts appear to have been built above ground, and then to have been covered with earth afterwards. The vaults contained bodies in sitting posture, with knees bent, the hands resting on the knees. The vaults and openings or entrances, somewhat resembling the dolmens of Europe, though there are no such long passages as are there found.” (2-p76)
Figure 10.11 Floor plan of other stone vaults found in Pike County, Missouri
Near the town of New Madrid, Missouri, there was discovered a large elliptical mound, 600 feet in circumference, and 20 feet high; it contained a room that was lathed and plastered. The lath used no nails but rather interwoven split cane. In the room were found bones, pottery vessels, jars, grinding stones, chisels, stone axes, flint hoes, and smoking pipes. (2-p77) It is doubtful whether a primitive people would bury their dead with so many important everyday tools of life. It seems more likely, considering the construction of the vaults inside, that these mounds were built to be lived in for a certain period of time rather than for the use of a burial place. There have also been chambered mounds found in Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, and West Virginia. These mounds do not have stone vaults, but the vaults are constructed from logs and covered with poles; some also have wooden floors. The pyramids in the lower Mississippi Valley, as in Georgia, have stone vaults exclusively.
Near the town of Davenport, Iowa, the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences did extensive digging to uncover many mounds found in this district. All of them are smaller than the ones described in the lower Mississippi Valley district; but since they had been so carefully explored, there is a very good description of the layering and construction of these mounds. In exploring one of the mounds, they found a foot of earth on the surface, then a layer of stones one and a half feet thick; next a foot of earth, then another layer of stones. At the depth of five feet were found eight skeltons. They were laying in a semicircle of five feet. It was evident from the condition of the bones that the bodies had been burned in a sitting posture. Along with the skeltons were found two copper axes, two small hemispheres of copper and one of silver. (1-p24-5) The largest mound in Davenport was apparently unstratified. It contained the bones of two adults and one infant at the base. Above the skeltons was a layer of ashes. There were also copper axes, copper beads, two copper stone pipes, etc., found. In this area was also found a stone heap under a layer of very hard clay. On one side of this heap, were found bones burned to lime; all of them showed marks of fire. (1-p25)
Near the Mississippi River between Little Ohio River, is a group of circular mounds varying in size from 20 to 40 feet in diameter and varying in height from six to 15 feet; they are made mostly of sandy loam. The lower layers are of a hard clay mixed with
ashes, usually covering a single skelton. The relics found in them are usually stone axes, arrows, spear heads, and a few copper axes. One of the mounds in this group was 32 feet in diameter and 8 feet high (Figure 10.12). It had a circular vault. The walls were made of uncut stones laid without mortar, tapering to a point on the top. The vault contained a single skelton in a squatting position. In front of the skelton were several small vases and bowls. (1-p3l and 2-p223)
Figure 10.12 Small pyramid found near the mouth of the Little Iowa River, Iowa
We begin to notice from some of these-descriptions of the interiors that the remains are usually sitting up and have household items with them. We believe that most of these mounds were originally four-sided pyramids but have worn down greatly over the long period of time. In the southern part of Ohio, many pyramid mounds were found. Some are famous even today. A description of a particularly interesting mound in Athens County was made by Professor E. B. Andrews for the Tenth Annual Report of the Peabody Museum. He says:
“This is a low mound about six feet high with a broad base perhaps 40 feet in diameter. It has for years been plowed over and its original height has been considerably reduced. My attention was drawn to this mound by the burnt clay on its top. A trench five feet wide was dug through the center. On the east side much burnt yellow clay was found, while on the west end of the trench considerable black earth appeared....
About five feet below the top we came upon large quantities of charcoal, especially on the western side. Underneath the charcoal was found a skeleton with the head to the east. The body had evidently been enclosed in some wooden structure. First there was a platform of
wood placed upon the ground, on the original level of the plain. On this wooden floor timbers or logs were placed longitudinally and over these timbers there were laid other pieces of wood, forming an enclosed box or coffin. A part of this wood was only charred, the rest was burnt to ashes. The middle part of the body was in the hottest fire and many of the vertebrae, ribs, and other bones were burnt to a black cinder, and at this point the enclosing timbers were burnt to ashes. The timbers enclosing the lower extremities were only charred.
Iam led to think that before any fire was kindled a layer of dirt was thrown over the wooden structure, making a sort of burial. On this dirt a fire was built, but by some misplacement of the dirt the fire reached the timbers below, and at such points as the air could penetrate there was an active combustion, but at others, where the dirt still remained, there was only a smothered fire, like that in a charcoal pit. It is difficult to explain the existence of the charred timbers in any other way. There must have been other fires that were immediately around and above the body and many of them, because on one side of the mound the clay is burned even to the top of the mound. In one place, three feet above the body, the clay is vitrified (turned to glass).” (1-p47)
Our analysis of this mound is that it was built at one time. It is illogical to think that separate fires would have been set at different levels of the mound while it was being built. Also, Professor Andrews overlooked one important fact about the burned vault. If it was meant as a cremation mound by the original builders, they would not have put a layer of clay over the wooden vault, since the clay acts as an insulator; and if the purpose of the fire was to destroy the body, the construction of the mound would have self-defeated that purpose. No culture known by anthropologists have ever made a funeral bier in this manner. The other thing that he overlooked is the kind of heat that could have caused the clay on the surface of the mound to become glass; to do this takes extended heat of over 1,100 degrees C. It is doubtful that any normal wooden fire would have created this effect. So what did cause enough heat to not only bake the surface of the mound but also any organic material that the mound had in it, including the wooden beams and the body in the vault?
We conclude that only the sun during a nova could have caused such heat. Professor Andrews also made a wrong assumption when he said that the center of the vault was the hottest part of the fire.
This is not true. The hottest part of the fire was at the surface of the mound. It takes at least 1,100’ C to turn clay to glass. If that same temperature was on the inside of the mound, it would have completely disintegrated both the logs and the skelton-there would have been no remains left. It seems more logical that tremendous heat was applied to the surface. The heat traveled through the mound, burning whatever organic material was in the mound at the time of its original construction. When the heat finally reached the center, it charred and burned the wooden logs. When the temperature in the center of the vault reached a combustible temperature, it combined with the oxygen inside the room, thereby burning hotter than the dirt side of the logs. Also, what Professor Andrews describes as a coffin was really the size of a small room, large enough for one man.
Another set of mounds were found at Grave Creek in Ohio. These mounds were a little unusual for Ohio, since they were built isolated on the tops of some hills and without earthen enclosures. One of the mounds was discovered to have two chambers, one above the other. Each chamber was square and contained a number of skeltons. The chambers were a series of timbers, placed on end, forming the walls of the chamber. Other timbers were placed across these upright posts to form the roof. All the skeltons were found in a sitting posture. Layers of ash were also found in the mound; but the chambers were not burned since the mound was a rather large one. (2-pl24-5)
At the Scioto River, another group of mounds was discovered. They were generally 22 feet high by 90 feet at the base. Ten feet below the surface of the mound was a layer of charcoal. At the depth of 22 feet was found a framework of timber, seven feet wide by nine feet long and about three feet high. The small room was covered with unhewn logs. One room contained a single skelton. (2-pl25) This mound was also found with a layer of charcoal, which meant that the surface of the mound was exposed to a tremendous amount of heat. The organic material, when heated sufficiently, was turned to charcoal.
The most spectacular group of mounds found in Ohio is in the Hopewell District. (3-p273-6) This is in Ross County. One of the mounds found was 30 feet high, 250 feet long, and 150 feet wide. It contained a vault constructed of logs, just like the other mounds. This vault contained four adult skeltons and two infants. Along
with these skeltons were found numerous ceramic bowls and ornaments of copper and silver. The most unusual part of this mound was that one of the skulls was fitted with an artificial copper nose. Copper rods were also found in this vault. It seems highly unlikely that an entire family would have died at one time and that a mound of such tremendous size would have been constructed for them. Also, it is highly unlikely that everyday living items would have been included in the mound. It seems more logical that this group of people entered that vault alive and had every intention of getting out alive and that is why their household belongings were found in the vault with them.
Alarge pyramid mound in the Hopewell District was 500 feet long by 180 feet wide and 30 feet high. It contained 150 skeltons, accompanied by a large assortment of artifacts, including circular, square, and octahedron-shaped figures made of copper. There were many other household items found in this mound, including 67 copper axes (one weighing 38 pounds). It is obvious from this mound that the mound was an attempt to shelter its inhabitants from something. There were found important everyday tools that were certainly the necessities of life. It is doubtful that a primitive” people would have buried with their dead such important tools. It is also highly unlikely that 150 people would have died at one time or that the survivors would have taken the time to build such a huge mound for 150 people. Even today when there are large numbers of deaths, they are usually burned in large biers, or placed in simple mass burials-this is because of health reasons. It seems more likely that those 150 people were alive when they entered the mound. They brought with them the necessities and tools of life. The question is why did they build such a massive structure for their temporary domicile? It is generally accepted that these mounds and pyramids were not their normal homes. They probably built log houses, just as our ancestors did some 100 or so years ago. This can be evidenced by the fact that the vaults inside were made of hewn and cut logs. We doubt seriously that these people were as primitive as archeologists lead us to believe, since they had the knowledge to implant an artificial copper nose. This implies a certain degree of skill at surgery. Also, the great abundance of copper beads and implements implies that they had a knowledge of smelting and metalurgy.
The largest mound found in the United States is located near
the city of East St. Louis, Illinois. It is a terraced pyramid, measuring 1,080 feet long by 710 feet wide and approximately 100 feet high (Figure 10.13). This pyramid covers 16 acres and has approximately 21.7 million cubic feet of earth. It has just recently been explored by the Illinois State Museum. As we see by the picture, this pyramid was never finished; but if it had been we can see that it would be a regular four-sided pyramid, such as the type built in Egypt. Near this pyramid were at least 72 other large pyramids. Many were square at the base and aligned to the four points of the compass, just like the pyramid in Giza. This pyramid cannot be considered a burial mound by any stretch of the imagination. This mound was built with a specific purpose in mind, having nothing to do with the burying of the dead.
Figure 10.13 The Cahokia Pyramid on the western side of St. Louis
Another interesting mound was located in East Dubuque, Illinois. It was of medium size (Figure 10.14). The top layer was covered with a foot or ordinary soil; under that were succeeding layers of mortar containing lime. (1-p37 and 2-p224) This seems to be an attempt by the builders to make a type of cement. The outer layers were harder than the inner layers. In the center was a stone vault containing three compartments. The center compartment was approximately ten feet square, the other two approximately ten feet by two feet, and the room was approximately three feet high. The room was covered with oak logs, which had been hewn down to appear somewhat square. Over these logs was slapped a layer of hard mortar. The center room contained 11 skeltons; six adults and five children of different ages, including one infant. It was evident they had all died at the same time.
The skeltons were arranged in a circle in a sitting position against the walls. In the center of the room were numerous fragments of pottery and several drinking cups made of shells. The two smaller side rooms contained a fine, chocolate-colored dust, which gave out a sickening odor when first opened up. This pyramid is one of the best proofs that whoever built these pyramids intended them to be lived in for a period of time. The two smaller side rooms were originally filled with their food supplies; but over the thousands of years, it had decayed to this brownish earth. The key to the fact that it was food was the odor which it gave off. Organic materials, when decaying, give off various noxious gases. The pottery in the center of the room indicated that they were also filled with either water or various food stuffs. Considering the sizes of the two smaller rooms, the individuals who occupied this pyramid mound planned on using this food for a considerable period of time. It would be ridiculous to assume that this quantity of food would have been buried with already deceased individuals. The construction of the mound also indi-
cates that the builders took painstaking efforts in its construction. The layers of mortar indicate that the top layers were exposed to a great deal of heat. This is why the top surface was harder than the lower surfaces. The mortar was baked and became as hard as brick. We believe that these 11 people were alive when they entered that pyramid mound, but something killed them so fast that they still remained in their sitting posture against the walls. We believe what killed them was the nova. We do not know if the oak logs showed signs of being exposed to heat, since the original descriptions of the mound did not include their condition; but it is possible that the inside chamber could have gone to 450 degrees, which would have killed the inhabitants but not burned the logs. A mound that shows definite signs of tremendous heat was found five miles east of Moline, Illinois. It was a large pyramid, shaped more like a cone rather than having four sides. The first three feet of the mound was soil, then 22 inches of ashes and bones, then 12 inches of charcoal and bones. In the same vicinity were found seven other mounds where the bodies were found lying on their sides. All of these mounds had wooden vaults inside and exhibited the same layers of charcoal and ashes. (2-p68) If you are wondering about the top layer, it is usually ordinary top soil. This is due to many thousands of years of time decomposing the surface, along with additional layers of windblown materials. The thing you should be wondering about is what could cause that much heat over a tremendous area at about the same geological time, and is the heat connected to why all these people constructed these mounds and pyramids?
The last pyramid in Illinois that we will cover was found in Beardston, Illinois. This pyramid was 30 feet high and 150 feet in diameter. It was located on the bank of a river. On the surface of the mound were found the burials of recent Indians and some Europeans. At the bottom of the mound was found a series of stone vaults. The roofs of these vaults were covered with large flat stones. The vaults were empty when they were discovered.
Many of these mounds that were explored had tunnels that led to the outside. This is similar to the types of mounds found in Europe. (2-p56) Considering this mound was 150 feet in diameter, it must have also been much higher than 30 feet originally; with such a large mound and so much material between the surface of the mound and the vaults, this may shed some light on why the
vaults were found empty. It is possible that the people who built the mound survived the sun’s nova and left their pyramid mound when it was safe. After which they took their belongings with them, leaving the vaults empty.
In the St. Louis area were found over 150 mounds of various sizes.
The pyramid mounds in the Wisconsin district are of similar construction to the mounds of Ohio and Illinois and all exhibited a layer of ash and hardened clay. One group of these pyramids was located in Crawford County, Wisconsin (Figure 10.15). When one of these mounds were originally found it was 35 feet in diameter and six feet high. First was a layer of sand, next calcined bones (burned to powder or ashes), charcoal and ashes, burned hard, like brick. The next layer of clay was burned as hard as brick. The next layer was a heap of bones mixed with charcoal and ashes. The bottom was a pit filled with chocolate-colored dust. There were about seven skeltons in this mound. The vault was originally three feet high, 8 feet wide, and 12 feet long. The walls were made of flat limestone rocks. (1-p73 and 2-p225) What happened to this mound was that the surface was exposed to a great deal of heat, which turned the clay into hardened brick. The layer of clay and charcoal was the layer where the wooden roof originally was. When the wooden roof burned, it collapsed and permitted clay to cover the occupants. Another mound in this district was 70 feet in diameter and 10 feet high. The surface of this mound was of sand and loose dirt combined with burials from recent Indians. This went to a depth of about four feet. At the base of the mound were found small stone tunnels and a piece of a mammoth tusk. The layer below four feet was of a hard clay mixed with ashes. This material was different from the surrounding soil. Several of the mounds found in Grant County contained charred human bones in a vault similar to the first pyramid. Another mound in Sheboygan
Figure 10.15 Section of burial mound, Crawford County, Wisconsin
County was 50 feet in diameter and five feet high. The first 18 inches was of ordinary surface soil. The next layer was composed of earth mixed with charcoal, ashes, and loose stones. The center of the mound contained one large human skelton, sitting up holding between his hands and knees a large clay vase. Over the skeleton was an irregular layer of flat boulders, which was probably the roof of the vault.
Near Indian Ford on the Rock River was found another large mound, 75 feet in diameter and 13 feet high. This mound contained a layer of ashes at least three inches thick; below the ashes was a layer of flat stones; below the stones were decayed wood and bark and below these a human skelton. (2-p73)
The last mound to be covered in this section is the one discovered in Detroit. It was 700 feet long, 400 feet wide, and not less than 40 feet high. It was discovered near the Roug River. In the pyramid were found many cremated bones mixed with charcoal and ashes. There were also found many pieces of large pots and other everyday kitchen items. All the pots were found broken. (2-p74) Throughout this entire northern district there was no uniformity in the construction of the mounds. Some were solid, were stratified mounds. The skeletons in some mounds were found in a sitting posture, in others, lying down. Some mounds contained stone-walled vaults, others contained wooden vaults. Some had obvious passageways to the outside, others didn’t. The one thing they all exhibited was a definite layer of charcoal or ashes. In other words, all these mounds and pyramids had at one time been exposed to a great deal of heat.
Pyramids have been found in other parts of the United States. One of them of interest was found in Henderson County, North Carolina. It was 44 feet in diameter and six feet high (Figure 10.16). When excavated, it was found that the center had a dark triangletype structure that was originally layers of pine logs. The center was now charcoal and ashes. It measured 16 feet in diameter at the
Figure 10.16 Pyramid mound found in Henderson County, North Carolina
base and five feet high. The top reached within one foot of the top of the mound. The other layers consisted of charcoal, ashes, and coals mixed with earth. In the center were found the remains of some burned human bones, along with household articles, such as bowls. (1-p74) In this mound the surface had gotten so hot that it ignited the pine logs on the inside, which turned to charcoal and ashes; which, in turn, destroyed the occupants. Since the mound is now 44 feet in diameter and only six feet high, it must have been much higher originally, but evidently was not thick enough to insulate its occupants from the tremendous heat.
The first observation that must be made is the number of foursiced pyramids found all over the world; in China, Egypt, Europe, Central America, and our own North America. Why are the best-built pyramids all aligned to the four corners of the compass? Why were they built so thick? Why were some pyramids found with their former occupants still in them and other pyramids found empty, and why were most of the pyramids and mounds found show evidence of tremendous heat being applied to their surfaces. What we hypothesize, most archeologists would vehemently disagree about with us. We theorize that these diverse societies were informed by a higher intelligence, either extraterrestrial or native to the earth, to build these types of pyramids in a certain way. It is doubtful if we’ll ever know who this group was, but a possible clue to this answer may have been uncovered in a mound in Tennessee. (3-p3l0) A stone figure was discovered that tends to prove the idea of a more advanced intelligence (Figure 10.17). You will notice by the illustration, the headcovering of this man looks exactly like the headcovering worn by United States and Russian astronauts under their space helmets. In other words, the statue’s headcovering looks functional, not like a primitive man’s headdress. Many of the pyramids found throughout the world were of nondescript shapes, usually of small size. We believe some of the mounds were never intended to be true pyramids. Some may indeed have been true burial mounds, as archeologists have theorized; but the mounds that are four-sided and faced toward the four corners of the compass were intended to be pyra-
Figure 10.17 Picture of the kneeling man found in Wilson County, Tennessee, made of sandstone, 18 inches high. Courtesy of the Frank H. McClung Museum, University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
mids; and those pyramids we theorize to be the oldest. The archeologists never explain why a primitive people would want to align any building or mound to due north. This implies that people who were allegedly in the stone age had compasses and some sort of surveying equipment.
Now the big question. Why build pyramids at all? After all, these pyramids were major undertakings for any society, probably devoting a major part of their resources toward their completion.
They built them because they felt is was necessary for the occupants to survive a major disaster that was to befall the earth. We theorize the disaster was that the sun was going to nova. The proof of this is the layers of charcoal, ashes, brick-like clay, and vitrified clay found in most of the pyramid mounds. Only a great deal of heat could have baked the surface clay to as hard as brick, and at the same time to turn any organic materials within the pyramids to ash and charcoal. We don’t believe any normal wood fire would be able to produce that much heat. The only heat source great enough would be the sun. The next proof involves correlating the age of the mounds to the last pre-glacial ice age. The last ice age in this country was called the Wisconsin glaciation. It is generally accepted that the ice sheet receded about 11,500 years ago. There are also indications in the drift of northern Lake Erie that the sediment was deposited in a relatively short period of time, some 100 to 300 years.
The “Percent of Equilibrium Method” for uranium, ionium, and radium is another procedure for dating the ocean-bottom sediments. It indicates when the warm and cold periods existed in an area. Using this method, Professor J. Jack Hough calculated the last cold period to be 11,000 years ago. The Wisconsin ice age did not go as far as the southern parts of Illinois and Ohio. Therefore, the southern parts of these two states do not have a great deal of glacial till covering them. In fact, the glacial till varies in thickness from a foot to 15 feet. This excludes the river beds, which would, of course, be much thicker. When excavating many of the mounds of Illinois and Ohio, it was found that the bases of these mounds or pyramids started from three to 15 feet below present soil surface. Therefore, it would indicate that some of these pyramids were built shortly before the Wisconsin ice age. In Chapter 11, we will go through many of the mythologies of early man, which
will give excellent descriptions of the nova and the rest of the cataclysm.
It is generally accepted that at the beginning of the last ice age many large animals became extinct both in this country and in Europe. They include all camels, the wooly rhinoceros, horses (in America only), the ground sloth, the musk oxen, peccaries, various species of antelope, such as the ruminants; all but one species of bison, a giant beaver, a species of stag moose, several large cats, huge mammoths, and finally the mastodon. Their extinction occurred relatively quickly. The reason for their rapid extinction was the sun novaed and destroyed them in the open. The smaller animals were evidently able to escape to deep caves, escaping the tremendous heat of the nova. Considering the fact that most large animals from the American continent became extinct is a good indication that the American continent and the Atlantic Ocean were facing the sun when it novaed. It is easy to prove that the mastodon, mammoth, and several other of these large animals existed at the same time as some of these mounds. There have been found in several of these mounds clay pipes in the shapes of mastodons, along with earthen mounds that are in the shapes of these great creatures. Also, the remains of mammoths and mastodons found in Illinois and Iowa were found in the same depth as the beginning of the Wisconsin till and where the mounds were built. Remains consisting of teeth, jaw bones, tusks, and other bones were found at depths ranging from the surface to 12 feet. The average depth was at about five feet, well within the same depth as that at which some of the mounds were constructed. This proof definitely links the age of the mounds with the same age as the extinction of these great mammals and the beginning of the last ice age.
Other extinctions have been linked with magnetic reversals and ice ages. Professor J. D. Hayes of Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory found a definite correlation between the extinction of micro-organisms that lived about two and a half million years ago and polar reversals. He had taken sample cores of ocean sediment throughout the world. The cores were dated by their layers of magnetic reversals. It was found that eight species were very abundant throughout the world in the lower layers of sediment but had disappeared in the upper layers. This disappearance indi-
cates an extinction of these species. Each species became extinct at the same time throughout the world. Six of these species were found to have disappeared immediately following a magnetic reversal. What was interesting about this experiment was that these eight species all lived in the upper ocean levels. The question to be asked is what could have caused small microorganisms to become extinct at the same time? Considering their size, it is doubtful that any group of animals could have made them extinct by feeding on them exclusively. The only reason why such tiny creatures could have been destroyed is that they lived only on the upper layers of the ocean. When the sun novaed, it would have heated up the surface layers of the ocean to such an extent that these small creatures would all have been cooked at the same time. Larger fish, on the other hand, could have escaped the upper layers of boiling water by swimming down to cooler depths. The small microorganisms cannot swim very fast, so they were not able to swim away fast enough from the layer of hot water. How did the larger fish survive the increased water pressure as they swam down? The answer is simple. As they swam down to escape the hot water, the water level above them was decreasing due to evaporation, thereby equalizing the water pressure at the depth to which they swam. After the period of initial heating, the ocean would have begun to cool down, thereby enabling the fish to swim closer to the surface. Our Theory of Multidimensional Reality again seems to be the only theory that explains a heretofore unexplainable phenomenon. We see no other way that species like these microorganisms or even many larger species could meet extinction so rapidly.
The American Indians have a legend of large animals that were tree eaters, and are sometimes described as carnivorous. One of these legends was written down by Thomas Jefferson at the time of the Revolutionary War. There was a delegation of Indians from the Delaware tribe that visited the governor of Virginia. Mr. Jefferson related the following legend. This legend was handed down many generations by the Indians.
“In ancient times a herd of these tremendous animals came to the big bone licks (Ohio Valley) and began a universal destruction of the bear, deer, elks, buffalos, and other animals which had been created for the use of the Indians; that the Great Man above, looking down and seeing
this, was so enraged that he seized his lightning, decended on the earth, seated himself on a neighboring mountain . . . and hurled his bolts among them till the whole were slaughtered, except the big bull, who presented his forehead to the shafts, shook them off as they fell; but missed one at length, it wounded him in the side; where upon, springing around, he bounded over the Ohio, over the Wabash, the Illinois, and finally over the Great Lakes, where he is living at this day.”
The legend mentions the extinction of these large beasts associated with lightning or fire. Notice also that the lightning or fire came from the sky and was brought to the earth by what we interpret as God. This brings us to the next important point.
Most archeologists say that the ancient religion of the moundbuilders, both in North America and Central America, was sun worship, since many of their drawings had the sun depicted on them. By this legend, it seems they believed in one Almighty God whom they called “the Great Man above.” We have found in several other mythologies in Central America reference to an unseen Almighty God. More examples of these legends will be presented in the next chapter.
Our conclusion is that these ancient peoples did not worship the sun but rather they feared it, because they were told it was going to nova; and the worry was about which part of the earth would be facing the sun when it did nova.
The last question to be answered is why build a pyramid-shaped shelter, if the sun is going to nova? Keep in mind that this unique shape is found all over the world. Why didn’t most just dig deep caves and wait out the catastrophe in a cave? We are sure many did find caves and stayed there during this period of time, but the problem with caves is that if there are earthquakes at this particular time, there is a good chance that caves would collapse on its inhabitants. The pyramid shape, when observed from the side or top, is more-or-less aerodynamically designed (Figure 10.18). If there is a force from the top, it is so shaped that it would dissipate the shock waves along the side. If the shock wave came from one of the sides, the shock wave would be reflected over the pyramid. But most important of all, the answer lies in what the pyramid does. As discussed earlier in this chapter, a pyramid based on pi, such as the one in Giza, tends to preserve and put in a more perfect condition anything that is placed within it. If a great deal of potential is added to the outside of a pyramid, we
Figure 10.18 Drawing showing the aerodynamics of the pyramid
should be able to raise the potential of anything that is put inside to a much higher level. On this planet, when the magnetic field hits neutral plane, the potential of the planet and the atmosphere will become infinitely great. This potential is probably what the more advanced beings on this planet were counting on at the time of the last reversal. The more primitive people probably emulated what these more advanced beings were doing, but obviously most of the structures were not built to take certain stresses or thermal conditions; and most of the pyramids did not work. The pyramid in Giza, on the other hand, did work. That is why it was never found with remains inside. The clues to what happened to the occupants of the Great Pyramid of Giza and some of the other well-made pyramids are told in the mythologies of early prehistoric man. What happened to these individuals, you must discover for yourself. To find out what the answer is, you must evolve to the idea.
1. Powell, J. W., 1st Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology (U.S. Printing Office, 1887).
2. Peet, S. D., “The Mound Builders and Their Works and Relics” vol. 1 (Chicago, American Antiquarian, 1892).
3. Silverberg, R., “Mound Builders of Ancient America” (Conn., New York Geographic Society, 1968).
4. Hichols, F. H., “Through Hidden Shensi” (N.Y., Charibners Sons, 1902).
5. Bancroft, H. H., “Native Races,” Vol. 5 (San Francisco, The History Company, 1886).
6. Kerrell, B., and Goggin, K., “The Guide to Pyramid Energy” (Santa Monica, Pyramid Power V., 1975).
7. Rutherford, A., “Pyramidology, “ 4th ed., vol. 1 and 2 (London, The Institute of Pyramidology, 1970).
8. Bishop, J. F., The Yangtze Valley and Beyond (N.Y., G. P. Putnoms and Son, 1900).
Anderson, N. C., Fossil Mastodon and Mammoth Remains in Illinois and Iowa (Rock Island, Ill., Augustana Lib. Publ., 1905).
Broadhead, G. C., Geological Survey of the State of Missouri (State of Missouri, 1873).
Broadhead, G. C., Geological Survey of the State of Missouri (State of Missouri, 1874).
Flint, R. F., Glacial and Pleistocene Geology (N.Y., Wiley, 1957).
Jefferson, Thomas, The Mammoth Legend from ‘Notes on the State of Virginia’ (1781).
Powell, J. W., 12th Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology (U.S. Printing Office, 1894).
Smyth, C. P., Life and Work at the Great Pyramid (Edinburgh, Edmonston & Douglas, 1867).
Worthen, A. H., Geology of Illinois, vol. 1-3 (Springfield, Legislature of Illinois, 1882).