CHAPTER ELEVEN from Reality Revealed, The Theory of Multidimensional Reality:

By Douglas Vogt and Gary Sultan

Vector Associates, 11250 Old St Augustine Rd., #15, Suite 133, Jacksonville, FL 32257;

Mythologies of the World


Many mythologies have a definite basis in truth.  In many ancient mythologies there is a recurring theme of a past destruction of the earth; we have found this theme in every major civilization of the world.  The events may be described in slightly different order or in slightly different terms, but the main idea remains the same.

We were not the first to notice these similarities; at least two earlier scholars also noticed the same similarity.  They were Ignatius Donnelly and Immanuel Velikovsky.  Both attempted to explain what terrible worldwide event inspired these civilizations to tell about them in their mythologies for thousands of years.  Both men felt that the cataclysm which occurred was caused by a comet or a planet coming very close to or hitting the earth.  Both theories have major flaws in them.  One flaw is that the magnetic field of the earth could not have reversed itself even if hit by a comet or planet to prove the point, take a bar magnet and pound it as long A you want-its north and south poles will not reverse themselves.  The magnet will get weaker, but that’s all.  Another error in their logic is that ice ages and polar reversals occurred many times on the planet and the time intervals between these events are equal.


Velikovsky’s theory was that the planet,( Venus had passed dangerously close to the earth at some time in the past.  If a planet is the actual cause of these polar reversals and ice ages, then either Venus or another planet has been passing this earth in that manner for the past billion years.  If we consider the sophisticated tele­scopes in use today, astronomers would certainly have noticed any planet having an orbit that would come in proximity to the earth.

Donnelly’s theory was that the earth had collided with a comet thousands of years ago; and this comet was responsible for the destruction of Atlantis.  But he cannot explain the hundreds of polar reversals and ice ages that occurred in the past.  His idea of a comet hitting the earth could explain some of the other phenom­ena mentioned in the mythologies, but it cannot explain scien­tifically how the polar reversals occurred, especially repeatedly.  Neither theory can explain why many mythologies specifically mention that the sun sent fire down to the earth.  Both men felt that this mythological description was not to be taken literally, even though they themselves took the rest of these mythologies literally.  Being bound to old scientific theories of what the sun is and how it functions, neither man could accept that the sun had novaed in the past.  They thought that if the sun had somehow exploded, it would have caused too much heat, thus totally de­stroying the earth.

Because the sun is not a solid mass, the only part that reaches the earth is the gaseous outer shell of the sun.

In this section, we will present pertinent mythologies from all over the world and of every major civilization.  The descriptions of some civilizations are quite explicit, which is usually due to that civilization’s having mastered writing and other forms of commun­ication-and thus a more accurate chronicle of the event was handed down over the thousands of years.  More primitive civiliza­tions remembered the cataclysm, but they associated it with animal or human characteristics.  This may have been because the event occurred about 12,000 years ago, and the descendants of the survivors probably had a difficult time understanding the literal description of what had happened; so they distorted the descrip­tion of the event to fit their limited frames of reference for ease of understanding.

We would expect that the story of the event would be slightly


different in each part of the world because on one side of the earth, the sun literally cooked the earth while the people on the other side of the earth would only have noticed that the sun “went out” for a long period of time.  During this time there great floods, torrential downpours.  In the northern latitudes we would expect to hear stories of extremely long, cold winters.  Some of the points of similarity for which we are looking in these mythologies are: Stories of strong winds; earthquakes; land masses rising and falling; the sun changing color; lightning; the sun standing still; fire coming from the sky and melting the surface of the earth; dust and debris falling upon the earth; a great flood; the oceans and rivers drying up; the sun going out; and, finally, a period of a long cold spell accompanied by torrential rains, snow and hail.

The first mythologies we cover are from Central America.  We theorize that the eastern part of the American continent was ex­posed to the nova; therefore we would expect to hear many myth­ologies describing widespread conflagration.


Legends of Central America

The oldest legends from this area come from the Mayan civiliza­tion.  The Mayan culture was obsessed with the accurate measure­ment of time.  Time was divided into various eras called “ahau katums.” These eras were associated with the sun.  We believe this obsession is a carry-over from the time when their ancestors real­ized that every so many thousands of years the sun causes a great destruction on the earth.  One of their teachings states:

“Under the might of Ah Uuc Kin (Lord 7-Sun) ... It is the seat of the 12-Ahau katun, Yaxan Chuen, Great-monkey-craftsman (the sun).  It is the countenance he will display during his reign in the heavens.  There will be great sages, great socerers.  That which is in the heavens will come forth on 12-Ahau.” (7-p3l)

From this quotation we see that they are alluding to some future time when the sun will have an effect on the earth.  The Mayans performed human sacrifices to appease their gods; this was done in order to prevent the sun from destroying them.  This shows up in


the legend of the “Lord of the Sun’s face.” During times of pesti­lence, the people would perform sacrifices at the temple of “the eve of the day, the bird of fire.” The sacrifices were made at high noon.  It was believed that “the moment the sun reached the zenith, a bird of brilliant plumage, but which, in fact, was nothing else than a fiery flame shot from the sun, descended and consumed the offering in the sight of all.” (6-pl58)

Some event in the Mayan past definitely left an indelible im­pression on them-if they didn’t sacrifice some material object to the sun god, the sun would descend upon them and bring great destruction.

The Mayans also believed that the earth had been destroyed three previous times.

“Two cycles had terminated by devastating plagues.  They were called ‘the sudden deaths,’ for it was said so swift and mortal was the pest, that the buzzards and other foul birds dwelt in the houses of the cities, and ate the bodies of their former owners.  The third closed either by a hurricane, which blew from all four of the cardinal points at once, or else, as others said, by an inundation, which swept across the world, swallowing all things in its mountainous surges.

The deluge was called hun yecil, which, according to Cogolludo, means the inundation of the trees, for all the forests were swept away.” (10-p249)

It is obvious by this legend that the Mayans knew these destruc­tions were sudden.  We begin to find evidence that the jet streams were lowered to sea level.  This legend also mentions the deluge which swept clear the land.  Some historians say this deluge was nothing more than a normal flood caused by a cloud burst or hurricane, but this is not very logical because the people on the Yucatan Peninsula have seen many hurricanes and normal river floods so they would certainly know the difference.  In this legend they seem to be describing something far more destructive than an ordinary rain-caused flood.  The last thing we will cover from the Mayan legends is a prediction held by the Mayan priests, which states:

“At the close of the ages, it hath been decreed,

Shall perish and vanish each weak god of men,

And the world shall be purged with a ravening fire.



Happy the man in that terrible day,

Who bewails with contrition the sins of his life,

And meets without flinching the fiery ordeal.” (10-p256)

The Quiches Indians of neighboring Guatemala have many legends similar to those of the Mayans.  The best known of their legends is a story telling of the past four destructions of the earth.  It goes as follows:

“Again the gods took counsel together; they determined to make man.  So they made a man of clay; and when they had made him, they saw that it was not good ... his sight was restricted, he could not look be­hind him (see his past); he had been endowed with language, but he had no intelligence, so he was consumed in the water.

Again is there counsel in heaven: Let us make an intelligent being who shall adore and invoke us.  It was decided that a man should be made of wood and a woman of a kind of pith.  They were made; but the result was in no wise satisfactory.  They moved about perfectly well, it is true; they increased and multiplied; they peopled the world with sons and daughters . . . but still the heart and the intelligence were wanting; they held no memory of their Maker and Former; they led a useless existence; they lived as the beasts live; they forgot the Heart of Heaven.  They were but an essay, an attempt at men . . .

Then was the Heart of Heaven wroth; and he sent ruin and destruc­tion upon those ingrates; he rained upon them night and day from heaven with a thick resin; and the earth was darkened.  And the men went mad with terror; they tried to mount upon the roofs,, and the houses fell; they tried to climb the trees, and the trees shook them from their branches; they tried to hide in the caves and dens of the earth, but these closed their holes against them....

Once more are the gods in counsel; in the darkness, in the night of a desolated universe do they commune together; of what shall we make man? And the Creator and Former made four perfect men; and wholly of yellow and white maize was their flesh composed ...

But the gods were not wholly pleased with this thing; Heaven they thought had overshot its mark; these men were too perfect; knew, understood, and saw too much.  Therefore there was counsel again in heaven: What shall we do with man now? It is not good, this that we see; these are as gods; they would make themselves equal with us; lo, they know all things, great and small.  Let us now contract their sight, so that they may see only a little of the surface of the earth and be content.  Thereupon the Heart of Heaven breathed a cloud over the pupil of the eyes of men, and a veil came over it as when one breathes



on the face of a mirror; thus was the globe of the eye darkened; neither was that which was far off clear to it any more, but only that which was near.” (5-p46-48)

The legend is telling us about three previous destructions of the earth.  Each time only a few men survived the destruction to carry on the species.  The mention of perfect beings might be refering to what we know of as the civilization of Atlantis.  The legend con­tinues and states that survivors from this civilization took refuge in seven caves.  After the destruction had passed, the survivors emerged from their caves to find that the sun was not visible:

“Now the Quiches had as yet no fire, and as Tulan was a much colder climate than the happy eastern land they had left, they soon began to feel the want of it.  The god Tohil, who was the creator of fire, had some in his possession; so to him, as was most natural, the Quiches applied, and Tohil in some way supplied them with fire.

But shortly after there fell a great rain that extinguished all the fires of the land; and much hail also fell on the heads of the people; and because of the rain and the hail, their fires were utterly scattered and put out.  Then Tohil created fire again by stamping with his sandal.  Several times this fire failed them, but Tohil always renewed it.  Many other trials also they underwent in Tulan, famines and such things, and a general dampness and cold-for the earth was moist, there being as yet no sun.” (5-p50)

This part of the legend seems to be giving us a very good descrip­tion of the period we call the great ice age and how it must have appeared in Central America.  The legend continues by saying that the sun eventually did appear, but it was different from the sun they had seen prior to the destruction.

“And the sun, and the moon, and the stars were now all established.  Yet was not the sun then in the beginning the same as now; his heat wanted force, and he was but as a reflection in a mirror; verily, say the histories, not at all the same sun as that of to-day.  Nevertheless he dried up and warmed the surface of the earth, and answered many good ends.” (5-p5l)

As we mentioned at the end of Chapter Six, after the sun novaed the sun would appear as a red giant being much cooler




than the sun we observe today.  The last part of this legend accu­rately describes our sun as a red giant.

The sacred book of the Toltecs, as quoted by Donnelly, also has reference to a destruction descended upon man by the sun.

“The third sun (or era) is called Quia-Tonatiuh, son of rain, because there fell a rain of fire; all which existed burned; and there fell a rain of gravel.

The sandstone, which we now see scattered about ‘boiled with great tumult, there also rose the rocks of vermilion color.’

Now, this was in the year Ce Tecpatl, One Flint, it was the day Nahui-Quiahuitl, Fourth rain.  Now, in this day, in which men were lost and destroyed in a rain of fire, they were transformed into goslings; the sun itself was on fire, and everything, together with the houses, was consumed.” (1-pl66)

“There was a tremendous hurricane that carried away trees, mounds, houses, and the largest edifices, notwithstanding which many men and women escaped, principally in caves, and places where the great hurri­cane could not reach them.  A few days having passed, they set out to see what had become of the earth, when they found it all populated with monkeys.  All this time they were in darkness, without seeing the light of the sun, nor the moon, that the wind had brought them.” (1-p2l5)

The Toltecs have incorporated into this legend many of the major points we had theorized would occur during the reversal period.  They accurately describe fire coming from the sky, the sun burning; the surface of the earth melting from the intense heat along with the dust and debris that would accompany a nova.  It is interesting that they say that “the sun itself was on fire.” This must have been a terrifying sight to the people.  Lastly, they de­scribe a fierce wind that could be explained only if the jet stream was lowered to sea level; and, of course, the survivors say that after they emerged from their caves the sun did not shine.  Previously, modern man could never have understood how the sun could go out as their legends tell us.  Yet per our theory of Multidimensional Reality the sun would not be visible for a number of years after the nova because it would only be giving off ultraviolet light.

Other Indian tribes of Central America mention only the great flood that befell man at this time.  For instance, the Papago and the Pimas Tribes located on the Gulf of California mention only the flood in their legends.


“Those first days of the world were happy and peaceful days.  The sun was nearer the earth than he is now; his grateful rays made all the seasons equal, and rendered garments unnecessary.  Men and beasts talked together, a common language made all brethren.  But an awful destruction ended this happy age.  A great flood destroyed all flesh wherein was the breath of life; Montezuma and his friend, the Coyote, alone escaping.  For before the flood began, the Coyote prophesied its coming, and Montezuma took the warning and hollowed out a boat for himself, keeping it ready on the topmost summit of Santa Rosa.  The Coyote also prepared an ark; gnawing down a great cane by the river bank, entering it, and stopping up the end with a certain gum.  So when the waters rose these two saved themselves, and met again at last on dry land after the flood had passed away.” (5-p76)

Another one of their legends talks about a prophet who lived among them in the Gila valley before the last destruction.  In the legend it was said the prophet was warned three times by an eagle that a great deluge would befall his people, but the prophet did not heed the warnings from this eagle:

“The Eagle came to warn the prophet, and to say that all the valley of the Gila should be laid waste with water; but the prophet gave no heed.  Then, in the twinkling of an eye, and even as the flapping of the Eagle’s wings died away into the night, there came a peal of thunder and an awful crash; and a green mound of water reared itself over the plain.  It seemed to stand upright for a second, then, cut incessantly by the lightning, goaded on like a great beast, it flung itself upon the prophet’s hut.  When the morning broke, there was nothing to be seen alive but one man.” (5-p78-79)

This legend seems to be accurately describing a mountain of sea water passing over the land, for sea water is the only water that has a greenish color.  If it was flood waters from a river, they would appear brown from mud.  We theorize that during the last destruc­tion, the ocean waters traveled from East to West; therefore, the mountain of water that the prophet saw had come from the Gulf of Mexico and had passed over the entire surface of what we know today as Mexico.  The Guaymis Indians of Costa Rica have a similar mythology of a great flood.

“Angered with the world, the mighty Noncomala poured over it a flood of water, killing every man and woman; but the kindly god Nubu had




preserved the seed of a man, and when the waters had dried up he sowed it on the moist earth.  From the best of it rose the race of men, and from that which was imperfect came the monkeys.” (10-p246)

The Nicaraguan natives also tell a similar story-that the world was destroyed by a flood in which most of mankind perished.  “Afterward the teotes, or gods, restocked the earth as at the beginning.” (5-p75)

The Aztec civilization has probably been the best studied of any of the civilizations in the Americas.  Their legends are rich in de­scriptions of the previous cycles or destructions of the earth along with various legends of the creation of the earth and the people’s struggle to survive during these periods.  The Aztecs, as well as the Mayans, divided time into solar cycles.  The Aztecs called these cycles a “Jaguar century.” In the legend of the four destructions of mankind, “the first solar catastrophy occurred at the beginning of the fourth Jaguar century . . . it took another 52-year cycle to eat all mankind.” (11-p28)

The second destruction of the earth occurred when “the fall of the Plumed snake, who was also the Wind, caused such a terrible hurricane that the whole earth was devastated, and men were changed into monkeys.” It is said that after six Aztec centuries “the Plumed Serpent, still jealous, caused fire and lava to rain from heaven. . . . To escape, the third race of human beings turned into birds.” After 13 Aztec centuries, the cycle was “ended with a catastrophic flood that covered the whole world, causing the fourth race of men to turn into fishes, except one pair who were warned to embark in a hollow cypress tree.” (11-p29) These two people were warned by one of the gods:

“Make no more pulque.  Look up at that mountain; from there will come a great flood that will overwhelm the earth.  Cut down his hollow ahuehuetl and get inside it.  Take with you the fire from your hearth.  Each of you must eat only one ear of corn a day.

Hastening back to the cloud-crowned mountain, she looked sternly in the four cardinal directions, then waved her banner with both hands and all her strength.  Lightning flashed, thunder cracked, cataracts fell from the sky.  Rain and hail pounded the earth and mighty torrents swept over everything-fields, towns and cities.

The terrorized people sought salvation in trees and on the hills.  Weeping, they begged for mercy.  ‘Oh gods, let us become fish’.” (11-p30)


You will notice it is mentioned that men were turned into fish after the flood.  This idea may have been derived from the observa­tion that after the flood waters receeded, fish were strewn all over the surface of the land.  The natives, not understanding where the rest of their fellow man had disappeared, rationalized to them­selves that the other people had turned into fish.  The legend con­tinues and tells of a second destruction that followed the first.  Allegedly the god, Quetzalcoatl, (the sun), also known as the Plumed Serpent, warns these two survivors of the next impending disaster:

“Listen to me carefully, he whispered melodiously.  ‘Take your hearth fire and hide yourself in a cave in the nearby mountain.’ He was the beneficent wind from the east, from the garden of paradise, but soon, he warned he would blow from the north and from the south as a furious hurricane and sweep over the entire world.

Whirlwinds and cyclones swept over the world, picking up sand, stones, rocks, waters and finally trees, houses and human beings.  The snowy capes of the mountain peaks were whisked away, converting the whole world with an immense white sheet (snow).

The chosen man and woman, in their cave beside their red hearth fire continued their conversation, unperturbed by the roar of the wind, not feeling the glacial cold that gripped the world.” (11-p35)

The next destruction of the world was caused by Tletonatiu (Yellow Face, God of Fire).  Again the legend says the God of Fire warned two people to leave their village to escape the next coming disaster.

“In a village beside a tranquil fire, a married couple talked of their many hopes.  Suddenly the fire crackled, and from the end of a cane stalk, burning with a pure blue flame, came a heavy voice that seemed to say, ‘O privileged mortals, talk no longer.  Do you not hear a deafen­ing, subterranean sound underneath your feet? That boiling fire will break through the crust of the earth.  Get up at once, take the fire from your hearth to a cave in the woods.’

Obeying the god’s mandate, they hurried into the woods with their hearthfire and some household utensils.  Hardly had they found a refuge, than the earth shook and the mountains rocked in gigantic convulsions.  From the crater of the nearby volcano leapt a menacing figure-the God of Fire.  On his back floated his cape of lightning bolts.  From a box



producing deafening explosions, he dumped out red hot stones.  Fire and lava whirled down.

The volcano vomited heavenwards a stream of vapor, shot through with lightning, lighting the whole earth with a livid yellow glare.  Cinders and burning sand rained down.  Plants were reduced to cinders, trees were snuffed to ash, stones melted.  Flaming lava swept down over the woods, the plains, fields and houses.  Men and women were suffocated, their flesh and bones melted away.” (11-p35-36)

After the age of the fourth sun passed, “the world remained in utter darkness, with no dawn, no day, no twilight.”

“Bitter frost spread over Toltec land.  Hail fell knee-deep; crops were battered down.  Even during the major festival of the gods the hail kept on relentlessly.  Soon thereafter Tula was stricken by terrible heat and drought.  The plants withered-all the trees, the nopals, the magueys, everything.  Dust swirled, rocks came down in landslides.  Every growing thing throughout the land was destroyed.

Terrific cloudbursts followed; streets were flooded, houses washed away, people drowned.  The tempest swept through the countryside, wrenching out trees and buildings.  Loathsome toads invaded the valley and the homes, devouring everything.  Locusts descended in clouds.” (11-p88)

As you can see from this legend, many of the major points we stated in our theory are mentioned.  The Aztecs unfortunately mixed up the sequence of events, somehow thinking that the flood and fire were events separated by many hundreds of years, instead of realizing that these destructions occurred one after the other; that they were only parts of an overall massive cataclysm that occurred on the earth.

In the next part of this myth, the Aztecs attempt to explain the reappearance of the new sun:

“Now, there had been no sun in existence for many years; so the gods, being assembled in a place called Teotihuacan, six leagues from Mexico, and gathered at the time round a great fire, told their devotees that he of them who should first cast himself into that fire should have the honor of being transformed into a sun.  So one of them, called Nan­ahuatzin . . . flung himself into the fire.  Then the gods began to peer through the gloom in all directions for the expected light, and to make bets as to what part of heaven he should first appear in.  And some said



Here, and some said There; but when the sun rose they were all proved wrong, for not one of them had fixed upon the east.  And in that same hour, though they knew it not, the decree went forth that they should all die by sacrifice.

The sun had risen indeed, and with a glory of the cruel fire about him that not even the eyes of the gods could endure; but he moved not.  There he lay on the horizon; and when the deities sent Tlotli, their messenger, to him, with orders that he should go on upon his way, his ominous answer was, that he would never leave that place till he had destroyed and put an end to them all.  Then a great fear fell upon some, while others were moved only to anger; and among the latter was one Citli, who immediately strung his bow and advanced against the glitter­ing enemy.  By quickly lowering his head the Sun avoided the first arrow shot at him; but the second and third had attained his body in quick succession, when, filled with fury, he seized the last and launched it back upon his assailant.  And the brave Citli laid shaft to string never­more, for the arrow of the sun pierced his forehead.

Then all was dismay in the assembly of the gods, and despair filled their hearts for they saw that they could not prevail against the shining one; and they agreed to die, and to cut themselves open through the breast.  Xolotl was appointed minister, and he killed his companions one by one, and last of all he slew himself also.” (5-p60)

“Immediately on the death of the gods the sun began his motion in the heavens; and a man called Tecuzistecatl, or Tezcociztecatl, who, when Nanahuatzin leaped into the fire, had retired into a cave, now emerged from his concealment as the moon.” (5-p62)

Another version of the creation of the sun says that “a volun­tary victim springs into the sacrificial fire that the gods have built.  They know that he will rise as the sun, but they do not know in what part of the horizon that will be.  Some look one way, some another but Quetzalcoatl watches steadily the East, and is the first to see and welcome the Orb of light.  He is fair in complexion, with abundant hair and a full beard, bordering on the red. (6-p65)

Again we see reference to the appearance of a red sun.  In an­other version of the story, the new sun appears a painted scarlet.  There are other versions of the four ages or suns as told by the Aztecs.  One of the most widely respected versions goes as follows:

“This First Age, or ‘sun,” was called the Sun of the Water, and it was ended by a tremendous flood, in which every living thing perished, or




was transformed, except, following some accounts, one man and one woman of the giant race, of whose escape more hereafter.  The Second Age, called the Sun of the Earth, was closed with earthquakes, yawn­ings of the earth, and the overthrow of the highest mountains.  Giants, or Quinames, a powerful and haughty race, still appear to be the only inhabitants of the world.  The Third Age was the Sun of the Air.  It was ended by tempests and hurricanes, so destructive that few indeed of the inhabitants of the earth were left; and those that were saved lost, according to the Tlascaltec account, their reason and speech, becoming monkeys.

The present is the Fourth Age.  To it appear to belong the falling of the goddess-born flint from heaven, the birth of the sixteen hundred heroes from that flint, the birth of mankind from the bone brought from hades, the transformation of Nanahuatzin into the sun, the trans­formation of Tezcatecatl into the moon, and the death of the sixteen hundred heroes or gods.  It is called the Sun of Fire, and is to be ended by a universal conflagration.” (5-p64)

“At the time of the cataclysm, the country . . . was inhabited by giants.  Some of these perished utterly; others were changed into fishes; while seven brothers of them found safety by closing themselves into certain caves in a mountain called Tlaloc.  When the waters were assuaged, one of ‘the giants, Zelhua, surnamed the Architect, went to Cholula and began to build an artificial mountain (a pyramid), as a monument and a memorial of the Tlaloc that had sheltered him and his when the angry waters swept through all the land.  The bricks were made in Tlamanalco, at the foot of the Sierra de Cocotl, and passed to Choluta from hand to hand along a file of men-whence these came is not said-stretching between the two places.  Then were the jealousy and the anger of the gods aroused, as the huge pyramid rose slowly up, threatening to reach the clouds and the great heaven itself; and the gods launched their fire upon the builders and slew many, so that the work was stopped.  But the half-finished structure, afterward dedicated by the Cholultecs to Quetzalcoatl, still remains to show how well Xelhua, the giant, deserved his surname of the Architect.” (5-p68)

As you can see from this last legend, it tells of the great flood, the earthquakes, the great winds, the debris and fire from the sun, and also that pyramids were being built just before cataclysm struck.  But notice that they say one of these large pyramids was not finished in time.  Evidence of this was mentioned at the end of Chapter Ten.  Many of these unfinished pyramids can be found throughout the southern and central parts of the United States.  This seems to indicate that people and governments did not be-


lieve what was going to happen to them until a very few years before the actual cataclysm occurred.  There must have been a great deal of uncertainty as to when the reversal would occur.

Some of the legends of the Mayans try to explain these periodic destructions of the earth as a conflict between two brothers; one being the god, Quetzalcoatal (the sun), and the other Texcatlipoca, creator of heaven and earth.  The legend goes as follows:

“Now began the struggle between the two brothers, Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl (the sun), which was destined to destroy time after time the world, with all its inhabitants, and to plunge even the heavenly luminaries into a common ruin.

The half sun created by Quetzalcoatl lighted the world but poorly, and the four gods came together to consult about adding another half to it.  Not waiting for their decision, Tezcatlipoca transformed himself into a sun, whereupon the other gods filled the world with great giants, who could tear up trees with their hands.  When an epoch of thirteen times fifty-two years had passed, Quetzalcoatl seized a great stick, and with a blow of it knocked Tezcatlipoca from the sky into the waters,

and himself became sun.

For an epoch the earth flourished under Quetzalcoatl as sun, but Tezeatlipoca was merely biding his time, and the epoch ended, he appeared as a tiger and gave Quetzalcoatl such a blow with his paw that it hurled him from the skies (the sun disappears).  The overthrown god revenged himself by sweeping the earth with so violent a tornado that it destroyed all the inhabitants but a few, and these were changed into monkeys.  His victorious brother then placed in the heavens, as sun, Tlaloc, the god of darkness, water and rains, but after half an epoch, Quetzalcoatl poured a flood of fire upon the earth, drove Tlaloc from the sky, and placed in his stead, as sun, the goddess Chalchiutlicue, the Emerald Skirted, wife of Tlaloc.  In her time the rains poured so upon the earth that all human beings were drowned or changed into fishes, and at last the heavens themselves fell, and sun and stars were alike quenched.” (6-p74)

This legend also mentions the major sequences of destruction that befell man; but what makes this myth different is the mention of Tezcatlipoca whom they envision as being the creator of the universe.  Here we have the first inkling that the survivors of this cataclysm knew that there was an all-knowing, unseen God or Creator that causes these destructions at very specific intervals of time.  These people also knew that the same type of destruction


would befall the world at some time in the future.  They did not know when it would happen: “it would be when Tezcatlipoca should steal the sun from heaven for himself; in other words, when eternal night should close in upon the Universe.” (6-p78)

All of the above legends only give us an impersonal impression of what transpired on this planet some time in the dark past.  They do not give us any personal impressions of the suffering that the survivors went through.  The following is a prayer to Tezcatlipoca, the Flying Serpent God.  This prayer begins to give us some idea of the hardship that befell the survivors of this cataclysm.

“O Lord, that hast held it good to forsake us in these days, according to the counsel thou hast as well in heaven as in hades-alas for us, in that thine anger and indignation has descended in these days upon us; alas, in that the many and grievous afflictions of thy wrath have over­gone and swallowed us up, coming down even as stones, spears, and arrows upon the wretches that inhabit the earth-this is the sore pesti­lence with which we are afflicted and almost destroyed.  Alas, 0 valiant and all-powerful Lord, the common people are almost made an end of and destroyed; a great destruction and ruin the pestilence already makes in this nation; and, what is most pitiful of all, the little children that are innocent and understand nothing, only to play with pebbles and to heap up little mounds of earth, they too die, broken and dashed to pieces as against stones and a wall-a thing very pitiful and grievous to be seen, for there remain of them not even those in the cradles, nor those that could not walk nor speak.  Ah, Lord, how all things become confounded; of young and old and of men and women there remains neither branch nor root; thy nation and thy people and thy wealth are leveled down and destroyed. 0 our Lord, protector of all, most valiant and most kind, what is this? Thine anger and thine indignation, does it glory or delight in hurling the stone and arrow and spear? The fire of the pestilence, made exceeding hot, is upon thy nation, as a fire in a hut, burning and smoking, leaving nothing upright or sound ... Per­adventure hast thou altogether forsaken thy nation and thy people? Hast thou verily determined that it utterly perish, and that there be no more memory of it in the world, that the peopled place become a wooded hill and a wilderness of stones? Peradventure wilt thou permit that the temples, and the places of prayer, and the altars, built for thy service, be razed and destroyed and no memory of them be left? Is it indeed possible that thy wrath and punishment, and vexed indignation are altogether implacable and will go on to the end to our destruction? Is it already fixed in thy divine counsel that there is to be no mercy nor pity for us, until the arrows of thy fury are spent to our utter


perdition and destruction? Is it possible that this lash and chastise­ment is not given for our correction and amendment, but only for our total destruction and obliteration; that the sun shall nevermore shine upon us, but that we must remain in perpetual darkness and silence; that nevermore thou wilt look upon us with eyes of mercy, neither little nor much? Wilt thou after this fashion destroy the wretched sick that cannot find rest nor turn from side to side, whose mouth and teeth are filled with earth and scurf? It is a sore thing to tell how we are all in darkness, having none understanding nor sense to watch for or aid one another.  We are all as drunken and without understanding, without hope of any aid; already the little children perish of hunger, for there is none to give them food, nor drink, nor consolation, nor caress-none to give the breast to them that suck; for their fathers and mothers have died and left them orphans, suffering for the sins of their fathers. 0 our Lord, all-powerful, full of mercy, our refuge, though indeed thine anger and indignation, thine arrows and stones, have sorely hurt this poor people......... None shall avoid from following death, for it is thy messenger what hour soever it may be sent, hungering and thirsting always to devour all that are in the world, and so powerful that none shall escape: Then indeed shall every man be punished according to his deeds. 0 most pitiful Lord, at least take pity and have mercy upon the children that are in the cradles, upon those that cannot walk. . . . 0 most strong Lord, protector of all, lord of the earth, governor of the world, and universal master, let the sport and satisfaction thou hast already taken in this past punishment suffice; make an end of this smoke and fog of thy resentment; quench also the burning and destroy­ing fire of thine anger; let serenity come and clearness; let the small birds of thy people begin to sing and to approach the sun; give them quiet weather so that they may cause their voices to reach thy highness and thou mayest know them. 0 our Lord, most strong, most compas­sionate, and most noble, this little have I said before thee, and I have nothing more to say, only to prostrate and throw myself at thy feet, seeking pardon for the faults of this my prayer; certainly I would not remain in thy displeasure, and I have no other thing to say.” (5-p20l)

The last point we wish to make in this section on the mythol­ogies of Central America is to see if there is any evidence that be­for the last cataclysm the earth rotated from East to West.  This would mean that the sun would rise in the West and set in the East.  It was mentioned in some of the previous legends that the sun had stopped somewhere over the eastern horizon.  This would imply that the earth’s rotation had indeed stopped just before the flood and fire descended on the earth.  There is one legend from


the Teotl Lixco Indians of Mexico which says that the sun moved toward the East, “traveling toward the East and the disappearance in the East.” (3-pll9) After the sun had stopped, they say the earth was visited by upheavals and earthquakes.


The Legends of North America

We start with the legends of the Eskimos who live in the northern­most regions of the North American continent.  The legends of the Eskimos are not as concerned with the creation of the earth as are those of many of the other North American Indian tribes but there is a legend about what will happen on the earth when the cycle begins again.

“In the course of time the waters will overwhelm the land, purify it of the blood of the dead, melt the icebergs, and wash away the steep rocks.  A wind will then drive off the waters, and the new land will be peopled by reindeers and young seals.  Then will He above blow once on the bones of the men and twice on those of the women, whereupon they will at once start into life, and lead thereafter a joyous existence.” (10-p303)

What is interesting about this mythology is what it implies.  Not only does it tell us that the Eskimos also know that a tremendous heat melted the polar ice caps and a flood swept over the earth, but it implies that some of their ancestors did survive the last ice age, even though we might think that they were all buried under thousands of feet of snow and ice.  Somehow a few of their fore­fathers survived the last great cataclysm.

The Tacullics Indians of British Columbia have a very interest­ing creation legend of the earth.  In it, they assume that the earth was originally covered with water.  This belief is universally held by all Indians of the American continents.  The legend goes as follows:

“The flat earth . . . was at first wholly covered with water.  On the water a Musk-rat swam to and fro, seeking food.  Finding none there, he dived to the bottom and brought up a mouthful of mud, but only to spit it out again when he came to the surface.  All this he did again and again till quite an island was formed and by degrees the whole earth.  In some unexplained way this earth became afterward peopled in every


part, and so remained, until a fierce fire of several days’ duration swept over it, destroying all life, with two exceptions; one man and one woman hid themselves in a deep cave in the heart of a mountain, and for these two has the world been since repeopled.” (5-p98)

The legends of the Dog-Rib Indians from the Northwest describe that the sun stopped moving.  One legend involves a boy called Chapewee who climbed a tree until he reached heaven where he set a squirrel trap.

“He set a snare made of his sister’s hair and caught the sun.  The sky was instantly darkened.  Chapewee’s family said to him, ‘You must have done something wrong when you were aloft, for we no longer enjoy the light of day.’ ‘I have,’ replied he, ‘but it was unintentionally.’ Chapewee sent a number of animals to cut the snare, but the intense heat reduced them all to ashes.  At last the ground-mole working in the earth cut the snare but lost its sight, and its nose and teeth have ever since been brown as if burnt.” (1-pl83)

Alegend from the Wyandot Indians is similar to the previous legend.  In their story the boy’s name is Chakabech.

“He set his snares for game, but when he got up at night to look at them he found everything on fire.  His sister told him he had caught the sun unawares, and when the boy, Chakabech, went to see, so it was.  But he dared not go near enough to let him (the sun) out.  But by chance he found a little mouse, and blew upon her until she grew so big (the mastodon) that she could set the sun free, and he went on his way.  But while he was held in the snare, day failed down here on earth.” (1-pl82)

Alegend from the Takahlis Indians from the Pacific Northwest is a bit more direct in its description of the last destruction of the earth.  They say a general conflagration swept over the earth con­suming every living thing except for a few people who took refuge in a cave. (10-p236) The cave idea was also mentioned by the Mattole Indians from northern California.  They say their ancestors took refuge at Mount Taylor during the terrible flood.  Their mythology says:

“A certain Big Man (God) began by making the naked earth, silent and bleak, with nothing of plant or animal thereon, save one Indian, who



roamed about in a woefully hungry and desolate state.  Suddenly there rose a terrible whirlwind, the air grew dark and thick with dust and drifting sand, and the Indian fell upon his face in sore dread.” (5-p86)

You will notice they mention in the legend the destructive winds from the jet stream along with the dust that fell on the earth.

The Ute Indians of California and Utah have a very detailed legend of the last destruction.  They specifically mention the sun as being the cause of the fire.

“The Ute philosopher declares the sun to be a living personage, and explains his passage across the heavens along an appointed way by giving an account of a fierce personal conflict between Ta-vi, the sun­god, and Tawats, one of the supreme gods of his mythology.

In that long ago, the time to which all mythology refers, the sun roamed the earth at will.  When he came too near with his fierce heat the people were scorched, and when he hid away in his cave for a long time, too idle to come forth, the night was long and the earth cold.  Once upon a time Ta-wats, the hare-god, was sitting with his family by the camp-fire in the solemn woods, anxiously waiting for the return of Ta-vi, the wayward sun-god.  Wearied with long watching, the hare-god fell asleep, and the sun-god came so near that he scorched the naked shoulder of Ta-wats.  Foreseeing the vengeance which would be thus provoked, he fled back to his cave beneath the earth.  Ta-wats awoke in great anger, and speedily determined to go and fight the sun-god.  After a long journey of many adventures the hare-god came to the brink of the earth, and there watched long and patiently, till at last the sun-god coming out he shot an arrow at his face, but the fierce heat consumed the arrow and it had finished its intended course; then another arrow was sped, but that also was consumed; and another, and still another, till only one remained in his quiver, but this was the magical arrow that had never failed its mark.  Ta-wats, holding it in his hand, lifted the barb to his eye and baptized it in a divine tear; then the arrow was sped and struck the sun-god full in the face, and the sun was shivered into a thousand fragments, which fell to the earth, causing a general conflagration.  Then Ta-wats, the hare-god, fled before the destruction he had wrought, and as he fled the burning earth consumed his feet, consumed his legs, consumed his body, consumed his hands and his arms-all were consumed but the head alone, which bowled across valleys and over mountains, fleeing destruction from the burning earth, until at last, swollen with heat, the eyes of the god burst and the tears gushed forth in a flood which spread over the earth and extinguished the fire.  The sun-god was now conquered, and he appeared before a



council of the gods to await sentence.  In that long council were estab­lished the days and the nights, the seasons and the years, with the length thereof, and the sun was condemned to travel across the firma­ment by the same trail day after day till the end of time.” (1-pl77)

A legend from the Gallinomero Indians of central California sounds more like one of the creation legends, but it is really a legend telling of the survivors after the last cataclysm.

“In the beginning, they say there was no light, but a thick darkness covered all the earth.  Man stumbled blindly against man and against the animals, the birds clashed together in the air, and confusion reigned everywhere.  The Hawk happening by chance to fly into the face of the Coyote, there followed mutual apologies and afterward a long discus­sion on the emergency of the situation.  Determined to make some effort toward abating the public evil, the two set about a remedy.  The Coyote gathered a great heap of tules, rolled them into a ball, and gave it to the Hawk, together with some pieces of flint.  Gathering all to­gether as well as he could, the Hawk flew straight up into the sky, where he struck fire with the flints, lit his ball of reeds, and left it there, whirling along all in a rierce red glow as it continued to the present; for it is the sun.” (5-p85)

Notice, they say the sun at first did not shine; but when it did appear, it was red in color, not the white-yellow color we see today.

The Indians of the Lake Tahoe area have a very descriptive legend of the last great deluge.

“There was a time, they say, when their tribe possessed the whole earth, and were strong, numberous, and rich; but a day came in which a people rose up stronger than they, and defeated and enslaved them.  Afterward the Great Spirit sent an immense wave across the continent from the sea, and this wave ingulfed both the oppressors and the op­pressed, all but a very small remnant.  Then the taskmasters made the remaining people raise up a great temple (pyramid) so that they, of the ruling caste, should have a refuge in case of another flood, and on the top of this temple the masters worshipped a column of perpetual fire. [A lasar?]

Half a moon had not elapsed, however, before the earth was again troubled, this time with strong convulsions and thunderings, upon which the masters took refuge in their great tower, closing the people out.  The poor slaves fled to the Humboldt River, and getting into canoes paddled for life from the awful sight behind them.  For the land


was tossing like a troubled sea, and casting up fire, smoke, and ashes.  The flames went up to the very heaven and melted many stars, so that they rained down in molten metal upon the earth, forming the ore that the white men seek.  The Sierra was mounded up from the bosom of the earth; while the place where the great fort stood sank, leaving only the dome on the top exposed above the waters of Lake Tahoe.  The inmates of the temple-tower clung to this dome to save themselves from drowning; but the Great Spirit walked upon the waters in his wrath, and took the oppressors one by one like pebbles, and threw them far into the recesses of a great cavern, on the east side of the lake, called to this day the Spirit Lodge, where the waters shut them in.  There must they remain till a last great volcanic burning, which is to overturn the whole earth, shall again set them free.  In the depths of their cavem-prison they may still be heard, wailing and moaning, when the snows melt and the waters swell in the lake.” (5-p89)

The Tahoe Indians had a very accurate idea as to where the mountain of water came from.  For them to have known that this immense wave crossed the continent from the Atlantic Ocean, they must have been told by the masters to whom they refer.  These masters, we suspect, were from Atlantis.  We feel the great temple the Indians mention was probably a pyramid.  The “column of per­petual fire” might well have been a laser beam; but, of course, this is only speculation, since no archaeological evidence has been found in the area.  The legend also mentions the tremendous earth­quakes and volcanic activity that would have occurred at this par­ticular time.  They also mention the dust and other debris falling from the sky; and lastly, they also have the concept that the cataclysm will happen again, implying that these disasters are cyclical.

We now change scene and examine the legends of the Algonquin Indians.  They were located in Eastern Canada and the New England States.  They had numerous legends regarding the creation of the earth, the flood, and the moon.  The Algonquins say that in the beginning the earth was covered with water: “On this infinite ocean floated a raft, upon which were many species of animals, the captain and chief of whom was Michabo, the Giant Rabbit.” (6-p39)

Another legend says that there is “a rivalry between Michabo, creator of the earth, and the Spirit of the Waters, who was un­friendly to the project.” (10-pl59)


They felt that ever so often the conflict between Michabo and the Spirit of the Waters flared up and man was destroyed as a consequence of these two great gods battling in the sky.  Many times the “dark one” was associated with the moon.  The moon was considered feminine gender.  She was considered “Chief over the Night, Darkness, Rest, Death, and the Waters;” as well as with cold. (10-pl55)

“She is the evil minded woman who thus brings diseases upon men, who at the outset introduced pain and death in the world-our common mother, yet the cruel cause of our present woes . . . the ancient Algonquins believed brought death and disease to the race; ‘it is she who kills men, otherwise they would never die; she eats their flesh and gnaws their vitals, till they fall away and miserably perish.’

Who is this woman? In the legend of the Muyscas it is Chia, the moon, who was also goddess of water and flooded the earth out of spite.” (10-pl56)

As we know today, the moon does not have those powers over men, but it does affect the tides.  The Algonquins were not the only Indian tribe that felt this way about the moon.  It is also men­tioned in many other Indian legends.  We believe they associated the moon with the flood and other destructions.  Before the rever­sal, the moon no longer covers the sun during a solar eclipse.  The moon is meant as a warning device, sort of an alert system.  After the reversal, it is possible that the only celestial object the natives could see was a red moon.  It was red because its surface had been superheated by the sun’s nova and probably glowed red for a long time.  This might have been why the moon was associated with certain aspects of the cataclysm.  Another Algonquin legend tells of the hunter, Messou:

“One day as Messou was hunting, the wolves which he used as dogs entered a great lake and were detained there.

Messou, looking for them everywhere, a bird said to him, ‘I see them in the middle of this lake.’

He entered the lake to rescue them, but the lake, overflowing its banks, covered the land and destroyed the world.” (10-p244)

The last myth we wish to mention, from the Algonquins, is their prophecy of when the next cataclysm will occur.  They say:


“When in anger Michabo will send a mortal pestilence to destroy the nations, or, stamping his foot on the ground, flames will burst forth to consume (with fire) the habitable land, only a pair, or only, at most, those who have maintained inviolate the institutions he ordained, will he protect and preserve to inhabit the new world he will then fabricate.” (10-p255)

In this prophecy, they realized that the earth will also be de­stroyed by massive earthquakes and a tremendous fire.  These are two points that did not surface in the legends mentioned previ­ously.  In this prophecy, they also seem to be saying the same thing said in the Bible: that those who will survive are the ones who follow the Creator’s instructions or laws.  This seems to be a uni­versal idea.  The prophecies of the Winnebago Indians say that “their nation shall be annihilated at the close of the thirteenth generation.  Ten have already passed, (as of 1890) and that now living has appointed ceremonies to propitiate the powers of heaven, and mitigate its stern decree.” (10-p255)

Other Indian tribes also look at the celestial conflicts as battles between brothers and also battles between an unseen Creator and the sun; such is the case with the Dakota Indians.  Before the rever­sal, the Indians saw a small, bright yellow sun; many years after the nova, they saw a larger red sun.  Therefore, they associate the second sun as being a separate entity from the first sun.  Thus was born the idea of conflict between two heavenly brothers.

“It began on the mountains.  The West was forced to give ground.  Manibozho (God) drove him across rivers and over mountains and lakes, and at last he came to the brink of this world.  ‘Hold,’ cried he, imy son, you know my power and that it is impossible to kill me.’

Yet it is clear that he was something more than a personification of the east or the east wind, for it is repeatedly said that it was he who assigned their duties to all the winds, to that of the east as well as the others.  This is a blending of his two characters.  Here, too, his life is a battle.  No longer with his father, indeed, but with his brother Cha­kekenapok, the flint-stone, whom he broke in pieces and scattered over the land, and changed his entrails into fruitful vines.

The conflict was long and terrible.  The face of nature was desolated as by a tornado, and the gigantic boulders and loose rocks found on the prairies are the missiles hurled by the mighty combatants.” (10-pl99)



The idea of an all-knowing being or God has been expressed by most of the Indian tribes.  They give such a personage various names, but it still means the same thing.  When they are referring to this God, they do not mean the sun or the moon or other celestial objects.  For instance, in the Wintun Tribe of the North­west, they call him Olelbis, which means he-who-sits-above.  Their legend goes:

“The cataclysm is caused by the theft of Flint from the Swift, who, for revenge, induces Shooting Star, Fire Drill (the sun) and the latter’s wife, Buckeye Bush, to set the world afire.  Olelbis looked down into the burning world.  He could see nothing but waves of flame; rocks were burning, the ground was burning, everything was burning.  Great rolls and piles of smoke were rising; fire flew up toward the sky in flames, in great sparks and brands.  Those sparks are sky eyes, and all the stars that we now see in the sky came from that time when the first world was burned.  The sparks stuck fast in the sky, and have remained there ever since.  Quartz rocks and fire in the rocks are from that time; there was no fire in the rocks before the world fire.... During the fire they could see nothing of the world below but flames and smoke.” (9-p223)

This legend makes specific reference to the sun as the source of the burning holocaust that occurred on the earth.  It also gives a very good description of what the earth must have looked like when the heatblast from the sun hit the earth.

The Pawnee Indians of Nebraska are even more descriptive about what happened to the sun when the cataclysm occurred.  In their legend they say that when the sun goes out, the world will come to an end.  The legend:

“Many years ago, before we lived upon this earth, Tirawa placed won­derful human beings upon the earth.  We knew of them as the wonder­ful beings or the large people.  These people lived where the Swimming Mound (pyramid) is in Kansas.  The bones of these large people were found upon the sides of the hill of the Swimming Mound.  The old people told us that at this place the rain poured down from the heavens, and the water came from the northwest upon the earth so that it be­came deep and killed these wonderful beings.  When these people were killed by the flood. . . . the water had come in from the big water (ocean) so that it overflowed the land.

There were four things which Tirawa (God) said he would do to kill


the people, but he had promised that he would never send the flood upon the land any more.  Tirawa said there were other ways of destroy­ing the people on the earth.  There were several ways of sending storms (winds) so that they would kill the people.  There was one thing that Tirawa was not sure of doing, and that was sending fire from the sky to bum up the people.  The gods in the heavens who were placed by Tirawa would have to sit in council and select a day when all things would end, and decide in what way all things should cease to be.  We are told by the old people that the Morning-Star ruled over all the minor gods in the heavens; that the Morning-Star and the Evening-Star gave life to people on this earth.  The Sun and the Moon also helped to give life to the people.  The old people told us that the Morning-Star said that when the time came for the world to end the Moon would turn red; that if the Moon should turn black it would be a sign that some great chief was to die; that when the Moon should turn red the people would then know that the world was coming to an end.  The Sun was also to shine bright and all at once that brightness would die out and the end would come.... The old people knew also that when the world was to come to an end there were to be many signs.  Among the stars would be many signs.  Meteors would fly through the sky.  The Moon would change its color once in a while.  The Sun would also show different colors, but the sign which was to be nearest to the people was that the rivers and the creeks were to rise.” (15-pl34)

The Pawnee legend mentions six of the points we mention in our theory: the flood, the high winds, the fire from the heavens, the moon changing color, the waters sloshing around, and finally the sun changing colors.  We can forgive them for mixing up the order in which some of these occur; but after all, this legend had to have originated about 12,000 years ago, so we could expect some changes from the original legend.  What is also interesting is that the Pawnee, like the other Indian tribes, knew that God is the one who brought this cataclysm down upon man.

The Ojibway Indians of the Great Lakes also mention in their legend that the sun caused great havoc on the earth.  The legend is centered around a boy whose bird-skin coat is burned by the sun.

“He swore that he would have vengence.  He persuaded his sister to make him a noose of her own hair.  He fixed it just where the sun would strike the land as it rose above the earth’s disk; and, sure enough, he caught the sun, and held it fast, so that it did not rise.

The animals who ruled the earth were immediately put into great



commotion (earthquakes).  They had no light.  They called a council to debate upon the matter, and to appoint some one to go and cut the cord, for this was a very hazardous enterprise, as the rays of the sun would burn up whoever came so near.  At last the dormouse undertook it for at this time the dormouse was the largest animal in the world (the mastodon?); when it stood up it looked like a mountain.  When it got to the place where the sun was snared, its back began to smoke and burn with the intensity of the heat, and the top of its carcass was reduced to enormous heaps of ashes.  It succeeded, however, in cutting the cord with its teeth and freeing the sun, but it was reduced to very small size, and has remained so ever since.” (1-pl8l)

The Ojibway also have a legend about the flood which covered the earth:

“In early days there was a mighty serpent, king of all serpents, whose home was in the Great Lakes.  Increasing the waters by his magic powers, he began to flood the land, and threatened its total submergence.  Then Michabo rose from his couch at the sun-rising, attacked the huge reptile and slew it by a cast of his dart.” (6-p50)

The darts are probably the lightning which came at the time of the polar reversal.  Serpents have been mentioned frequently in many of these Indian legends.  One such legend is from the Mixtecs tribe.  They say:

“In the year and in the day of clouds, before ever were either years or days, the world lay in darkness; all things were orderless, and a water covered the slime and the ooze that the earth then was.  By the efforts of two winds, called, from astrological associations, that of Nine Ser­pents and that of Nine Caverns, personified one as a bird and one as a winged serpent, the waters subsided and the land dried.” (10-p230)

It is possible that as the gas shells expanded from the sun, they might have appeared like a snake, having a smooth-curved shape.  It is doubtful that they had actually seen a comet in the sky, as Ignatius Donnelly and Immanuel Velikovsky theorize.  The hot gas shell of the sun would have evaporated any comet that was in the vicinity, since comets are predominantly made up of ice crystals.  This legend also mentions nine caverns, which is probably the loca­tion where their ancestors fled for refuge.

The Iroquois Indians located around Lake Erie associate the



celestial conflict as a fight between two brothers. loskeha (the white one, the sun) and his brother, Tawiscara (the dark one), “They are twins, born of a virgin mother, who died in giving them life.”

“The brothers quarreled, and finally came to blows; the former using the horns of a stag, the latter the wild rose.  He of the weaker weapon was very naturally discomfited and sorely wounded.  Fleeing for life, the blood gushed from him at every step, and as it fell turned into flint­stones.  The victor returned to his grandmother, and established his lodge in the far east, on the borders of the great ocean, whence the sun comes.  In time he became the father of mankind, and special guardian of the Iroquois.

The earth was at first arid and sterile, but he destroyed the gigantic frog which had swallowed all the waters, and guided the torrents into smooth streams and lakes.” (10-p203)

The gigantic frog mentioned in the legend was made by Tawis­cara.  They say the frog had left the earth dry as before. (6-p55) This is probably in reference to the ice age that occurred after the nova.  It is easy to see the analogy between a cold, wet, snowy period after the reversal and the cold, wet appearance of a frog.  This analogy is mentioned in other Indian legends.

Moving further South, we come to the Witchita Indians of Okla­homa.  In their legend a prophet was told that a disaster was soon going to be visiting the earth and that he had to build some sort of cave and collect pairs of animals which he thought should survive.  He was to save all the good ones and leave out the bad ones.  The voice said it would attend to the bad ones:

“On a certain day the fowls of the air appeared in the north, like a cloud, and they flew toward the south.  The prophet crawled into the cane (cave).  The people wondered what was the reason for this.  Finally the animals came, and the people began to find out what was about to happen.  They began to cry and to run for the mountains and for other places, but it did them no good.  After the birds and the animals had passed there came a flood, and the water was all over, and it got deeper and deeper.  The bad people were drowned and everything else that was not in the cane.” (14-p292)

The idea of Indians living in caves with animals during the cataclysm is found in several other mythologies, such as those from


the Southwest.  The Navajos say that:

“At one time all the nations, Navajos, Pueblos, Coyoteros, and white people, lived together, underground in the heart of a mountain near the river San Juan.  Their only food was meat, which they had in abundance, for all kinds of game were closed up with them in their cave; but their light was dim and only endured for a few hours each day.” (5-p8l)

The legend continues and says that eventually the waters subsided and land began to appear.  One of the Indians then went out of the cave and walked in the mud but found he sunk in the mud up to his mid-leg.

“Then the men and the animals began to come up from their cave, and their coming up required several days.  First came the Navajos, and no sooner had they reached the surface than they commenced gaming at patole, their favorite game.  Then came the Pueblos and other Indians who crop their hair and build houses.  Lastly came the white people, who started off at once for the rising sun and were lost sight of for many winters.

While these nations lived underground they all spoke one tongue; but the light of day and the level of earth came many languages.  The earth was at this time very small, and the light was quite as scanty as it had been down below; for there was as yet no heaven, nor sun, nor moon, nor stars.” (5-p82)

Again we find reference to white men also taking refuge in caves with the Indians; but these white men after coming up from the cave, immediately left for the East, probably wondering what was left of their home, Atlantis.

A similar story is told by the Zuni Indians, also of the South­west.  They say that the god, Awonawilona, sent the great waters over the surface of the earth:

“The world-holding sea, so that scums rose upon its surface, waxing wide and apart, until they became the all-containing earth and the all­covering sky.  From the lying together of these twain upon the great world waters, all beings of earth, men and creatures came to exist, and firstly in the fourfold womb of the world.  In the nethermost of the cave-wombs of the world, the seed of men and creatures took form and life.  The earth lay like a vast island, wet and shifting, amid the great waters, and the men groped about down in the murky underworld.  Then


arose the master magician, Janauluha, and bearing a staff plumed and covered with feathers, he guided them upward to the world of light.” (10-p230)

The magician they refer to is probably a survivor of Atlantis, who was far more advanced than they were and who may have helped them survive this difficult time.

As we head toward the Southeastern United States, we come to the Creek and Chewkee tribes.  The Creeks have a creation legend similar to the one described in the Bible.  They also say the earth was entirely covered by water.  Later two pigeons flew to and fro until they finally found dry land. (10-p228) After a long period of time, the earth became populated with many; but something happened and “the earth became angry and ate up a portion of her progeny; how the people started out on a journey toward the sun­rise; how they crossed a River of Slime, then a River of Blood, and came to the King of Mountains, whence a great fire blazed upward with a singing sound.” (9-p62)

This legend seems to allude to the red clay that, when mixed with the water, appeared to be like blood flowing in the streams.  The Chewkee tribe, also on the Gulf of Mexico, say that the sun was too close and too hot to the earth, and it burned up many things. (3-pl87)

The last legend we will cover from the North American conti­nent is from the Choctaw tribe in Louisiana.  They also have a similar mythology which describes the last cataclysm.  What is interesting about their mythology is that they help date for us when the mounds found in Louisiana were built; and, most likely, they are helping to date the mounds found all over the central and southcentral part of the United States.  The legend says:

“Men tried to build a mound (pyramid) reaching to the heavens, how the mound was thrown down and a confusion of tongues ensued, how a great flood came, and how the Choctaw and the animals they had taken with them into a boat were saved from the universal deluge.” (9-p63)

You will notice they do not consider that their ancestors had built the mound but rather that another race of men did.  In Chapter Ten we mentioned that several large pyramid-mounds were found only partially finished.  These are probably the ones to


which the Choctaw are referring.  We have covered many myths from tribes located all over the North American continent.  All agree with the hypotheses we presented in our theory regarding what sequence of events occur during the reversal.  Each tribe gave a slightly different account of the event, depending on how much knowledge they had evolved to at the time of the cataclysm.  Our impression is that the American Indians have not evolved much farther toward understanding what existence is than had their forefathers some 12,000 years ago.  We are not sure we can say anything better for the white European race either! These Indian myths also further prove our hypothesis that the pyramids and mounds were built some 12,000 years ago to save their occupants from the destruction that was about to ensue.

The mounds or pyramids were never finished; because at first these people did not believe what was going to happen.  When things became very bad and the signs were obvious that the sun was going to nova, with all the rest of the disasters which would accompany it, they hurriedly began building mound-pyramids and caves in order to escape the destruction.


The Legends of South America

We will begin with the Tupis tribe of Brazil.  They believe their tribe was named after the sole survivor, Tupa, of the last great flood that covered the earth. (10-p2l8) They believe the flood was caused by a stranger “who bitterly hated their ancestors, com­passed their destruction by a violent inundation.  Only a very few succeeded in escaping-some by climbing trees, others in caves.  When the waters subsided the remnant came together, and by gradual increase populated the world.” (10-p245)

Another version is:

“Monan (the Maker, the Begetter), without beginning or end, author of all that is, seeing the ingratitude of men, and their contempt for him who had made them thus joyous, withdrew from them, and sent upon them tata, the divine fire, which burned all that was on the surface of the earth.  He swept about the fire in such a way that in places he raised mountains, and in others dug valleys.  Of all men one alone, Irin Mage (the one who sees), was saved, whom Monan carried into the heaven.  He, seeing all things destroyed, spoke thus to Monan: ‘Wilt thou also


destroy the heavens and their gamiture? Alas! Henceforth where will be our home? Why should I live, since there is none other of my kind?’ Then Monan was so filled with pity that he poured a deluging rain on the earth, which quenched the fire, and, flowing from all sides, formed the ocean, which we call parana, the great waters.” (10-p245)

This legend mentions three of our points: the flood, the divine fire, and the rising of mountains and continents.  This supports our idea that many great earth movements occur over a short period of time and do not necessarily take millions of years to come about.

The Mbocobi Indians of Paraguay are very specific in pointing out what caused the destruction. (16-p3l9)

“The destruction of the world was due to the sun.  This orb once fell from the sky, but a Mbocobi hastened to pick it up before it did any injury, and fastened it in its place with pegs.  A second time it fell and burnt up the earth.  Two of the tribe, a man and his wife, climbed a tree and escaped destruction, but a flash of flame reached them and they fell to the ground, where they were changed into monkeys.” (10-p246)

The Mbocobi Indians also say the survivors of this conflagration took refuge in a deep cave. (10-p236)

The Botocudos Indians of Brazil say that the destruction was caused by the moon falling on the earth from time to time. (10­p235) Another of their legends talks about Tata, the divine fire, which descended on all men; and then a flood came and put out the fire.  The Botocudos Indians mixed up one of the early signs of the conflagration, the moon, with the actual cause, the sun.  This is similar to some of the legends from North America.  Evi­dently some of the primitive Indians could not correlate the sun with the conflagration and, rather, associated it with the closest celestial body they could observe-the moon.  After the nova, the moon appeared red; so, of course, they thought the moon was the cause of the cataclysm.  We hope they’re more accurate the next time.

The Yurucare Indians of Bolivia also say the sun caused a gen­eral conflagration which swept over the earth consuming every living thing, except a few who took refuge in a deep cave. (10­p236) Their legend continues by saying that “when all men had been destroyed by fire, the god Tiri opened a tree (a cave) and


from it allowed various tribes to emerge, until he deemed the earth sufficiently peopled, when he closed it.” (10-p118)

There are other legends that also mention caves as the refuge of various races.  One such legend comes from the Peruvian Indians.  They say that there are four mythological civilizers of Peru: They “emerged from the cave Pacarin tampu, the Lodgings of the Dawn.  To these Viracocha gave the earth, to one the north, to another the south, to a third the east, to a fourth the west.” (10-p212)

The Peruvians recall two past destructions on the earth.  One they say was by famine.  The other, flood-of which only a few men escaped. (10-p248) The Peruvians were deathly afraid every time a solar eclipse occurred.  They thought at some time “the shadow will veil the sun forever, and land, moon, and stars will be wrapt in a devouring conflagration to know no regeneration; or a drought will wither every herb of the field, suck up the waters, and leave the race to perish to the last creature;”

The Peruvians have preserved part of the truth in this legend.  They know something important does happen in the course of time during one of these solar eclipses; but, unfortunately, the legend has been so distorted that they do not realize that it is when the sun appears larger than the moon that the sun is going to nova and bake a part of the world.

Other misassociations involving the moon are told of by the Muyscas Indians of Columbia.  At one time they associated the moon with flooding the earth out of spite. (10-pl56)

The Incas of Peru also tell of a time when the waters covered the earth and man fled into caves in order to escape the ensuing deluge.  The effect of the last cataclysm on the Incas was so pro­nounced that they measured time from the last cataclysm, since in their mythology they believe it will happen again-so their calendar is an attempt to calculate the next cataclysm.  In the legends of Central and South America, they mention many times the existence of caves where man sought refuge.  We were curious to see if we could find any archaeological evidence of caves large enough to accommodate great numbers of men.  One such tunnel system was mentioned by Erick Von Daniken in his book, The Gold of the Gods.  The tunnel system was explored by an expedi­tion in 1971.  The expedition’s findings were reported in the Ger­man periodical, Bild der Wissenschaft.  They said:



“Vast tunnels, which would leave even modem underground construc­tors green with envy, began behind the ‘six doors.’ These tunnels lead straight towards the coast, at times with a slope of 14 percent.  The floor is covered with stone slabs that have been pitted and grooved to make them slip-proof.  It is an adventure even today to penetrate these 55- to 65-mile-long transport tunnels in the direction of the coast and finally reach a spot 80 feet below sea level.” (4-p5l)

The tunnel entrance was discovered near the village of Otuzco.  The tunnel entrance was found 200 feet below the surface of the earth.  A passageway led to the six water-tight doors.  This cave system may be the one mentioned by so many legends.


The Legends Of Polynesia

Polynesia covers a large portion of the area of the South Pacific Ocean.  It is bordered on the south by New Zealand; on the west by the Samoa Islands; on the north by the Hawaiian Islands; and on the east by Easter Island.  The Polynesian Islands are part of a larger area called “Oceania.” It includes Indonesia, Micronesia, Melanesia, and Australia.  The Oceania area was inhabited by a rather primitive group of island peoples, who possessed no written language.  All their mythologies were handed down by word of mouth.  Naturally, a great many changes in the legends have oc­curred over the thousands of years.

Per our theory, this part of the world was on the back side of the earth when the sun novaed; therefore, we should hear very few, if any, legends of fire coming from the sky representing the sun when it novaed.  We would expect to hear many legends of the earth being flooded and a period of long darkness.  We would also expect to hear some legends of land masses rising and falling.  This is because we believe that many parts of this Oceania area were above water and formed a large continent.

The first legends we will cover are from the Hawaiian Island group, and they are of the exploits of the Polynesian God, Maui.  In the legend, he snares the sun because it is traveling too fast.  He uses a rope which his grandmother makes for him.  He then snares the sun.  It stops in the sky, low on the horizon, then Maui beats the sun until the sun agrees it will travel much slower across the sky. (2-p45 and 13-p230)


The next legend is from the Menehune people who migrated from New Zealand to the Hawaiian Islands many thousands of years ago.  They say that one of their gods, Kahana, brought back the sun after the sun had vanished and the earth was dark for a period of time.  They say also that there was at one time a much larger continent that connected all the island groups together.  The name of this continent was Ka-one-lauena-a-Kane.  It is said that this continent was broken up and inundated by the ocean.  These people set aside four “Ku” days as memorial of the old continent. (13-p328)

There is another legend that tells of the disappearance of the sun and the oceans lowering in depth.  This is the story of Kaulu.  Kaulu is an evil god, and as the story goes: He wanted everything from the people.  He even took away the rays of the sun.  Kaulu later, while trying to find his brother, drains the sea, then spits it out. (13-p437) The reason the oceans would appear to these people to have been dried up or swallowed is because when the sun novaed on the other side of the world, a tremendous amount of water was evaporated and therefore lowered all the ocean levels for many years.  When they refer to the water as being spit out, this is an attempt to explain the ocean’s flooding the earth and the torrential rains that must have fallen for many years after the reversal.

Now we come to the legends of Kana who restored the sun.  In this legend, the evil chief, Kahiki, is the one who takes away the sun from the people.  The legend goes as follows:

“Niheu treats roughly the messenger of Kahoalei (-Ii’i), ruling chief of Kahiki and the chief in anger takes away the sun, moon, and stars from Hawaii.  Uli sends Kana with Niheu to bring them back.  As Kana stretches to the sky to reach the light, Niheu dies of cold and is left behind, but Kana bends over to Kahiki and drops into the spring of two old relatives, who give him fire to guide him ahead and wind to bear him behind until he reaches the border of Kahoalei’s land.  He finds Uli’s brother Manu-a guarding the pit (cave) down which the food is kept by the people be­low and handed up to those above.  He puts down a plump black hand which his relatives recognize and fill, first with food, then with water, then with the birds called Kaiwea (fishhawk) which signal the day, then birds and the cock that crows for dawn, finally stars, moon, and sun, all of which he places in the sky.  The chief himself next emerges and returns with Kana to tour the land, restoring Niheu to life on the


way.  When Ka-hoa-lei reaches Hawaii he finds that Kana and Niheu have both died and he rules there many years.” (13-p476)

This legend mentions several important points to our theory.  Number One-that the sun and other heavenly bodies did not appear to the people.  Two-that there was a period of cold after the time when the sun disappeared.  Three-that people had taken refuge in caves at this period of time.

In the Hawaiian legend called, “Sea of Kahinalii,” “Pele, the fire­goddess, (the sun) once lived far to the south-west, but when her hus­band deserted her, she set out to try to find him.  To aid her in the search, her parents gave her the sea to go with her and bear her canoes, and as she journeyed she poured forth the sea from her head, the waters rising until only the tops of the highest mountains were visible, but later retiring to their present level.” (2-p39)

Here again we see a connection between the sun causing the oceans to rain havoc on the lands.  Their description of the waters rising is probably in reference to when the larger continent also sank during this reversal time.

The final point we wish to make about the Hawaiian Islands is that the Hawaiians feel that the present civilization came about from the destruction of a previous civilization which existed in the same area, and that the survivors of this previous civilization are their forefathers. (2-pl5)

So far, the mythologies from the Hawaiian Island chain reinforce our contention that the Polynesian area was on the back side of the earth when the sun novaed.  One of their legends was very similar to several of the American Indian legends of the sun being snared or lassoed by someone and, in turn, stopping in the sky.  It is doubtful if there was any social contact between the North American Indians and the Polynesians; therefore, we must assume that a celestial phenomenon did occur on this earth some time in its dark past.

The next island group we will cover in the Polynesian area is the Samoan Islands.  We will start with the mythology which attempts to describe the origin of the world.  They say fire and water are the children of one of their gods, identified with the octopus.



“Between their descendants arises a mighty conflict, in which water wins and the world is destroyed by a flood only to be recreated by Tangaloa.” (2-pl7)

Another version of the same legend is that the battle of nature was between the children of inkfish (water) and the sun.

“War raged between the children of the inkfish and the children of fire, in which the latter were subjugated by the squirting of the inkfish fluid.  In consequence, the earth, which had been dry, was flooded, and became a deep sea.” (17-p7)

You will notice the similarity of these myths and many of the ones of North and South America.  The practice of identifying parts of the destruction, such as fire and flood, and giving them human personalities is very common among these primitive societies.

Another cosmological legend says that “in early times there was a flood which destroyed all beings, except one man, Pili, and his wife, who took refuge on a rock, (cave) these survivors subsequent­ly becoming the ancestors of mankind.” Another form of the myth states that when the flood came, “Seve and a man called Pouniu alone saved themselves by swimming.  Tangaloa saw them from the sky, and pitying their plight sent down two men from the heavens with hooks, who drew Samoa from under the sea to serve as a refuge for the two who were thus rescued.” (2-p40)

After the flood covered their known world, the Samoan legend tells us that the sky or atmosphere was somehow lower than it is presently.

“In days of old, the heavens fell down, and people had to crawl about like the lower animals.  After a time the arrowroot and another similar plant pushed up the heavens; but they were not raised high enough, so the heads of the people continued to knock against the skies, and it was very hot.” (17-p4l)

This legend is one of the very few from the Polynesian area that says that there was a period of unusual heat on the earth.  They would, of course, be referring to the period of time immediately after the sun’s nova.  It is unknown how hot the back side of the earth could have been after the nova.  It is possible that it could


have been several hundred degrees C. The only other direct refer­ence to the sun made in Samoan and other Polynesian mythologies is from the legend of Tangaroa and Hina.  This legend tells us that the sun that is in the heavens today is a grandson of a previous sun. (17-pl01) In other words, there have been several different suns that have circled the earth.  This is very common among the Poly­nesian mythologies.

The deluge legends are also very common among all the island peoples of the Polynesian area.  For instance, the deluge legend from the Marquesas Island group says that “in the beginning there was only the sea, on which Tiki, a deity existing from the first, floated in a canoe, and afterward fished up the land from the bottom of the ocean.” (2-p20)

Tonga Island’s legend says:

“Tangaloa, the divine messenger, was ordered to descend to this world to see if he could find any land, wherefore he departed on a bird, and after flying about for a long time described a sandbank on which the waves broke.  Returning to the skies, he reported that he could find no dry land, but the lords of heaven said to him, ‘Wait for seven days, and then go back and look again,’ He did so and found the land already risen above the waters.  Bringing back tidings of his discovery, he was again instructed to wait and to look once more, for this dry land which he had seen was indeed the earth.” (2-pl9)

From the Cook Island group we again hear a legend involving the war between two gods, Aokeu and Ake, a sea-deity.

“The two quarrelled as to which was the more powerful, and Ake, to show his might, caused the sea to rise and dash upon the land in great waves, while Aokeu made rain to fall in floods, so that, between the two, the island was covered, except for a small bit which protruded.  Rangi. . . . the first king of Mangaia, took refuge on this fragment of dry land, and, alarmed lest he should be drowned, prayed to Rongo to aid him, whereupon the latter deity forced the two contestants to cease their display of power, and the deluge subsided.” (2-p39)

After the deluge, their legend tells us that somehow the sky was too low.

“Originally the heavens were low, so low that they rested on the broad leaves of certain plants, and in this narrow space all the people of this



world were bent up, but Ru sent for the gods of night and the gods of day to assist him in his work of raising the sky.  He prayed to them, ‘Come, all of you, and help me to lift up the heavens.’ And when they came in answer to his call, he chanted the following song:

‘O Son! 0 Son! Raise my son

Raise my son!

Lift the Universe! Lift the Heavens!

The Heavens are lifted,

It is moving!

It moves,

It moves!’ “ (2-p35)


The idea of the heavens moving may indicate that the legend is trying to inform us that it was not only the sky that appeared low, but also that the earth was not rotating for a period of time.

On the island of New Zealand, we come across a legend similar to the one found on Hawaii.  The legend is about the sun traveling too fast and a boy trying to catch the sun, so it doesn’t travel so fast.  It goes as follows:

“Maui observed that the time between the sun’s rising and setting was very short, and he said to his brothers, ‘Let us tie the sun, that it may not go so fast, that man may have time to provide food for himself.’ But his brothers said, ‘Man cannot go near to the sun on account of the heat.’ Maui said, ‘You have seen the many acts that I have performed.  I have taken the form of a bird, and again resumed that of a man, while you have ever had the form of men.  And now, my brothers, I can do what I propose, and even greater acts than this.’ His brothers consented, and commenced to plait ropes . . . When these had been made Maui took his weapon, made of the jaw-bone of his progenitor ... and his brothers took their weapons and the ropes, and they ... journeyed till they had got near where the sun came up ...

The sun came up like blazing fire, and when his head and shoulders had entered the noose Maui encouraged his brothers to action by saying ‘Now pull.’ They did so, and the sun drew his limbs together with a twitch.  Maui rushed at him with his weapon, and scarce had the sun time to call before Maui was belabouring him, and continued to so do for some time.  When they let him go he went away crippled, and in the anguish of his pain he uttered another of his names, Tama-nui-a-te-ra (great child of the sun), and said, ‘Why am I so beaten by you, 0 man! I will have my revenge on you for having dared to beat the great child of the sun.’ He departed on his way, but was unable to travel so fast as before.” (2-p45)


The legend continues saying that Maui “was pursued by the flames, which threatened to consume everything, so that in distress he called upon rain, snow, and hail to aid him, and they, coming to his assistance, succeeded in putting out the conflagration and thus saved the world.” (2-p47)

This legend mentions that the sun stopped, and rain, snow, and hail occurred at this time and finally that the earth had been cooked by the sun.  There is another slight variation in the latter part of this legend, where the natives explain the rain and snow as being caused by a conflict between Maui and his brother, Maru.  Maru was said to have sent rain, snow, and frost onto the crops of Maui in order to destroy them.  Maui later killed his brother, which ended the conflict. (2-p42)

ANew Zealand creation-legend says that the entire universe was in darkness and water was everywhere.  There was no dawn or light, and men prayed that light would appear from above to brighten the day. (2-pl3)

The last legend we will cover in this area is one that is found all over Polynesia.  It is the legend of Tawhaki.  There are two versions of this legend.  One, says that Tawhaki “caused a deluge by stamp­ing on the floor of heaven, which cracked so that the water flowed through and covered the earth.” (2-p38) The other version says that “Tawhaki, wishing to be avenged for the attempt to kill him, called upon the gods to send a deluge to overwhelm the world after he and his friend had taken refuge on the top of a mountain.” (2-p38)


The Mythologies of Micronesia

The Micronesia area covers the island groups of the Marianne, Marshall, Gilbert, Ellice, and Caroline Islands.  Throughout the entire area, all tell of a great deluge that originally covered the earth, killing most of mankind.  Only a few survived who took refuge on the tops of mountains.  They also say that the earth was originally dark and that the sun did not appear for many years.

On the island of Yap in Western Micronesia, there is a good legend that incorporates many of the ideas expressed in many of the mythologies of Micronesia.  It is about two god-like beings, Kitimil and his wife, Magigi.  In the legend Magigi tells her husband


Now a great storm will come, and the sea will rise in flood, and all the people of Yap will be drowned.  We must, therefore, climb the highest mountain, and build on its top a pile-dwelling of seven storeys.”

They “went to the top of a very high mountain, where they built a pile-dwelling, seven storeys in height; and on the seventh day a great storm of rain and wind came, and the sea rose and covered all Yap.  When the water reached the top of the mountain, Kitimil and his wife climbed into the lower storey of their house; and as the waters con­tinued to rise, they went up higher and higher until they reached the topmost storey.  Since, however, the deluge still rose, Magigi took some oil, and putting it on a leaf, laid it on the water; whereupon the flood at once began to abate, and the storm ceased.  Finally the land was dry again, and they came down out of the house, saying, ‘There is no one else left alive in Yap.’ Yet one other man had survived by lashing him­self to an outrigger of a canoe and anchoring it to a great stone; and after they had found this man, Magigi and Kitimil returned to their home, where Magigi bore seven children, who scattered over all the land.” (2-p257)



The Melanesian Island group consists of New Guinea on the west to the Fiji Islands on the east.  It also includes the Solomon Islands and New Caledonia.  Throughout this entire island chain there is a legend which says that there was a conflagration on the earth which threatened to destroy it.  The conflagration was put out by a flood and/or a rain, which covered the entire earth with water.  This is similar to the Maui legend of Polynesia.  The flood is sometimes mentioned in legends describing the origins of the world.  This is because, for the survivors of the last cataclysm, after it was all over, it represented a new beginning for them.  This idea is also echoed in the legend of Noah.

The legend from the Admiralty Islands says that “a man and a woman, after having floated upon the primeval sea, climbed upon a piece of driftwood and wondered whether the ocean would dry up or not.  At last the waters wholly retired, and land appeared covered with hills, but barren and without life; whereupon the two beings planted trees and created foods of various sorts.” (2-pl05)


Several versions of this myth are repeated throughout the entire Melanesian chain.



There are not too many tribes on the Australian continent that have a coherent deluge mythology.  The only legends we have been able to find from Australia are from the Victoria region of South­eastern Australia.  One legend from the area says “In the beginning there was no sun, only the moon and the stars.” (2-p274)

Another legend from Western Victoria says that:

“Originally water was kept concealed under a stone.  Some birds, how­ever, spied upon the jealous owner, thus discovering where the precious substance was hid; and in the man’s absence one day they removed the stone which covered the opening, so that the water immediately flowed out and became a great lake.  The east coast tribes have quite a different story.  According to this, once upon a time there was no water, for a great frog had swallowed it all.  At this the people were much distressed, and holding a council to determine what to do, they agreed that if only the frog could be made to laugh, he would disgorge the water.” Finally the natives made the frog laugh: “as he opened his mouth, the waters burst forth and caused a great flood by which many were drowned.  The few survivors, comprising two or three men and one woman, took refuge on a small island; and by and by a pelican, coming along in his canoe, carried the men to the mainland . . .” (2-p279)

The frog probably represents the long period of cold, also known as the ice age, that existed on earth after the sun had novaed.  The frog was also mentioned in many American legends.


Indonesian Mythologies

The last area we will cover in the Oceania area is the far western end of the Pacific Ocean, known as the Indonesian area.  This not only includes the islands that make up the country we know as Indonesia, but also Borneo, the Phillipines, and Formosa.  The eastern area is bordered by the island of Timor.  The deluge legends found in the Indonesian area are similar to the ones found in the


other areas of Oceania.  Along with the deluge legends, many of the legends telling us of the earth’s sinking and the sky being too low are also similar.

In Northern Borneo they have a legend that is similar to the legends about the sun found in the Polynesian area.  In Northern Borneo they say that the sky was originally very low to the earth, but it “retreated when six of the seven original suns were killed.” (2-pl78)

This idea of six previous suns is also told in many of the other islands in this area.

Another Borneo legend about ancient times tells a story of a serpent who decends on the earth and destroys the land.  It goes as follows:

“Just as the harvest was ripe, it was found that a large part of the fields had been despoiled during the night.  Since no tracks could be found, watch was kept, and a huge serpent was seen to lower itself from the sky and to feed upon the rice, whereupon one of the watchers, rushing up, cut off the snake’s head and in the morning proceeded to cook some of the flesh from it for his breakfast.  Hardly had he eaten, however, before the sky was overcast, dark clouds rolled up, and a terrible rain­storm caused a flood from which only those few persons escaped alive who succeeded in reaching the highest hills.” (2-pl80)

Their reference to a serpent in the sky probably is primitive man’s best description of the gaseous shell ejected from the sun when it novaed.  Throughout the entire Asian continent serpents are mentioned in all the mythologies.  Evidently, on the back side of the earth, as the hot gaseous shell expanded and passed around the earth, it must have appeared in the sky as some sort of snake or serpent.

The Dusun tribe of North Borneo talk of a time when “a great hurricane swept away all the houses in the kampong; some of them were carried out to sea together with the people in them.  “ (2-p 1 8 1)

This is a remembrance of when the jet stream was lowered to sea level and rained havoc on the earth with winds up to 400 miles an hour.  Another flood mythology from Borneo says that:

“Once there was strife between the mountains, each one desiring to be the highest.  This angered one of the deities, who, saying, ‘Ye moun­tains! I shall cover you all,’ took a golden comb and threw it into the


ocean, where it was changed into a mighty crab, which stopped up the overflow of the sea.  Then came a great rain, and these causes generated a vast quantity of water, which rose higher and higher until three moun­tains alone remained uncovered.  All the people who fled to these with their animals were saved, but all others were drowned.” (2-pl8l)

The strife between the mountains they refer to is the tremen­dous earthquakes that occurred at this time and also land masses rising and falling.  Some of the flood mythologies mentioned in the Oceania area could come from the time when the larger continental land masses sank and only the higher elevations re­mained above water.

On the island of Indonesia, the deluge legends are numerous and well developed, including telling that land reappeared after the deluge had passed.

In the Phillipines, on the island of Mindanao, the Ata tribe “tell how in very early times the earth was covered with water, and all people were drowned, except two men and a woman, who were carried away and would have been lost, had they not been rescued by an eagle, who carried one man and the woman to their home.” (2-pl80)

On the same island, but from another tribe, a legend mentions that “all the inhabitants of the world were once destroyed by flood, except one woman.  When the waters had subsided, she gave birth to a son, who, when he grew up, married his mother, thus re­peopling the world.” (2-pl80)

The Filipino legends of the deluge repeat many of the other myths we have read from all over the Oceania areas.

There are several major points we must conclude from our brief survey of these mythologies.  The first is that this part of the earth was inundated by the Pacific Ocean at the same time some celestial drama was being played out that involved the sun.  After this event, the sun did not appear for a long period of time; perhaps represent­ing two or three generations of survivors.  Torrential rains, snow, and hail also occurred during this dark period of time.  This, of course, implies a period of unusual cold, especially for this area of the world.  During the period of darkness, the oceans were either lowered considerably or disappeared entirely from some areas, due to the extreme evaporation that occurred on the other side of the earth.  Finally, those who survived the cataclysm did so by being


on some sort of boat, being on top of a very high mountain, or by taking refuge in some sort of cave.  Very little reference to the sun burning the earth is found in the legends of the Oceania area.  As we theorized, this would be expected, since they were on the back­side of the earth.  Any knowledge of the sun burning the earth probably was introduced to them by survivors who were on the sunlit-side of the earth at the time of the nova.

Lastly, their legends tell us that some land masses did rise and fall during this period of time and that these land movements were not caused by the ocean flooding the earth.

In conclusion, we would say that the mythologies from this part of the world, lend credence to our theory of what occurs during the reversal period.


Mythologies of China

The most ancient records of the Chinese mythologies were de­stroyed under the Emperor Tsin-Khin-Hong (246-209 BC).  He had ordered all of the ancient history and astronomy books as well as the ancient classics to be burned.  A few of the original manuscripts survived in the possession of Confucius.  Other scholars rewrote original ancient manuscripts from memory, yet a great deal of the true meaning had been lost.  Even with these handicaps, the legends and the mythologies that have been rewritten and have survived to this present day, tell us clearly of a past destruction that occurred on the earth.

Per our theory, we would assume that China was innundated by the Pacific Ocean at the time of the reversal.  We would assume not very many people survived this cataclysm.  The only ones we would expect to survive were those who took refuge on the highest moun­tains or in the deepest caves.  In Chinese mythology they say that Fu-hsi was the one survivor from the last destruction.  He is con­sidered the Chinese “Adam.” Sometimes he is described as some sort of deity; but, in actuality, he was just a highly enlightened individual-perhaps a scholar who survived the last cataclysm.  Some Chinese scholars place Fu-hsi at about 3,322 BC; but, in actuality, no one knows low long ago Fu-hsi lived.  We know from the writ­ings of Kwang-Tze (6th century BC) that Fu-hsi lived during the



age of perfect virture” which is his description of the last civiliza­tion. (19-p287)

We will begin our coverage of Chinese mythology with their description of the civilization just before the last cataclysm.  From the writings of the scholar, Kwang-Tze (a student of Lao-Tze), of a time in great antiquity when men were of pure thought and deeds.  Man eventually degenerated and was destroyed by the cataclysm.

“The men of old, while the chaotic condition was yet undeveloped, shared the placid tranquillity which belonged to the whole world.  At that time the Yin and Yang were harmonious and still; their resting and movement proceeded without any disturbance; the four seasons had their definite times; not a single thing received any injury, and no living being came to a premature end.  Men might be possessed of (the faculty of) knowledge, but they had no occasion for its use.  This was what is called the state of Perfect Unity.  At this time, there was no action on the part of any one, but a constant manifestation of spontaneity.

This condition (of excellence) deteriorated and decayed, till Sui-zavn (fire) and Fu-hsi arose and commenced their administration of the world; on which came a compliance (with their methods), but the state of unity was lost.  The condition going on to deteriorate and decay, Shan Nang (rain) and Hwang-Ti arose, and took the administration of the world, on which the people rested (in their methods), but did not themselves comply with them.  Still the deterioration and decay con­tinued till the lords of Thang and Yu (later rulers) began to administer the world.  These introduced the method of governing by transforma­tion, resorting to the stream (instead of to the spring) (the Tao), thus vitiating the purity and destroying the simplicity (of the nature).  They left the Tao, and substituted the Good for it, and pursued the course of Haphazard Virtue.” (19-p369)

What we believe is meant by “a constant manifestation of spon­taneity” is that the people of this earlier time were fifth-dimen­sional beings.  They demonstrated ESP and other psychic abilities.  The wind, Sui-zan, represents the god of fire or a burning mirror. We believe this actually represents the sun.  When they said that Fu-hsi arose after the end of this period of “perfect unity,” they mean that Fu-hsi was a survivor, who ruled China after the cata­clysm.  When they say that after the cataclysm, the people resorted to the stream rather than the spring or source, they mean that the



survivors had lost their fifth-dimensional powers and no longer had their psychic abilities.

Another description of the philosophy observed at the end of the last age was given by the Taoist scholar, Lao-Tze (born 604 BC), who was the teacher of Kwang-Tze. Lao-Tze tells us that in the paradisiacal State, the Tao ruled man. The Tao or Taoism is the oldest of Chinese religions. Lao-Tze’s ancient classic, the Tao Teh King, tells us more about the philosophies of this antediluvian world.

“The skillful masters (of the Ta in old times, with a subtle and ex­quisite penetration, comprehended its mysteries, and were deep (also) so as to elude man’s knowledge.  As they were thus beyond man’s knowledge.” (19-p58)

From the writings of Kwang-Tze, we learn a little more about Fu-hsi: “Fu-hsi received the Tao (the teachings of) and by it pene­trated to the mystery of the maternity (creation) of the primary matter.” (19-p244) We will explain later the full meaning of Taaoism, but for now we will say that a Taoistic-like philosophy was accepted as scientific fact by this antediluvian civilization­both Lao-Tze and Kwang-Tze say the same thing.

The scholar, Lieh-Tze, tells us of a land of bliss that preceded this civilization.  These were thought to be five islands that were supported underneath by five large turtles.  These islands were known as the “Islands of the Blest.” These islands were “inhabited by white souls of saintly sages who have won immortality by rendering their bodies transparent, . . .”

“At one time the islands drifted about on the tides of ocean, but the Lord of All who controls the Universe, having been appealed to by the Taoist sages who dwelt on the isles, caused three great Atlas-turtles to support each island with their heads so that they might remain stead­fast.” (20-plll)

It is felt that every three thousand years, these tortoises rise to the surface and turn over to see the sun.  There are four cycles in these Chinese ages, so a complete cycle is twelve thousand years, which is also what we theorize is the number of years between two successive reversals.

The legend continues by saying,



“Once upon a time, . . .  the Atlas-turtles that suppoirt the Islands of the Blest suffered from a raid by a wandering giant (the sun).  This giant, it is said, went fishing for these turtles.  The giant accomplished hooking two of the turtles which left those two islands to drift toward the north, where they stranded among the icefields.  The white beings that inhabited these islands were thus separated from their fellow saints on the other three islands, . . .” (20-pll2)

In the North, these saints suffered from the evils of the North (drout and darkness).  This legend is an attempt to recall that after this antediluvian period had ended, the skies were black and the earth was cold, which is, of course, describing the ice age to us.

We will now explain how the Chinese mythologies describe the actual destruction of the earth.  First, a quote from the Chinese Encyclopedia of the Emperor Kang-Hsi, 1662:

“In traveling from the shores of the Eastern Sea toward Che-Iu, neither brooks nor ponds are met with in the country, although it is inter­sected by mountains and valleys.  Nevertheless, there are found in the sand, very far away from the sea, oyster-shells and the shields of crabs.  The tradition of the Mongols who inhabit the country is, that it has been said from time immemorial that in a remote antiquity the waters of the deluge flooded the district, and when they retired the places where they had been made their appearance covered with sand. . . . This is why these deserts are called the ‘Sandy Sea,’ which indicates that they were not always covered with sand and gravel.” (1-p259)

From another Chinese encyclopedia, they call the end of a world cycle a “great year.” “The cosmic mechanism winds itself up and ‘in a general convulsion of nature, the sea is carried out of its bed, mountains spring out of the ground, rivers change their course, human beings and everything are ruined, and the ancient traces effaced.’ “ (3-p43)

From the Chinese deluge legend, we hear of the mythical Em­press Nu-Kwa (royal lady of the West-the sun).  In her kingdom, it is alleged that “three rebels had conspired with the demons or gods of water and fire to destroy the world, and a great flood came on.  Nu-Kwa caused the waters to retreat by making use of charred reeds (the burning forests).  Then she re-erected one of the four pillars of the sky against which one of the rebels, a huge giant, had bumped his head, causing it to topple over (the sky fell down).” (20-p268)



The Emperor, Yahou, was believed to live in the time shortly after the last great cataclysm.  Many times the cataclysm is called the time of Yahou.  It is most probable that he was either one of the other survivors of the cataclysm or was a later descendant of Fu-Hsi.  It is obvious from the following annals of Yahou that he was alive when evidence of the destruction was still present on the earth.

“At that time the miracle is said to have happened that the sun during a span of ten days did not set, the forests were ignited, and a multitude of abominable vermin were brought forth.  In the lifetime of Yao (Yahou) the sun did not set for ten full days and the entire land was flooded.

An immense wave ‘that reached the sky’ fell down on the land of China.  The water was well up on the high mountains, and the foothills could not be seen at all ...

‘Destructive in their overflow are the waters of the inundation,’ said the emperor.  ‘In their vast extent they embrace the hills and overtop the great heights, threatening the heavens with their floods.’ “ (3-p 108)

In the previous legend, we see clear reference that the ocean flooded the land; this flood was not caused by rain but rather was caused when the oceans moved rapidly in a westwardly direction.  Notice they describe the flood waters as “a mountain of water,” just like the legends from the American continent.

The philosopher, Wen-Tze, gives us the following description of what happened during the last cataclysm:

“When the sky, hostile to living beings, wishes to destroy them, it burns them; the sun and the moon lose their form and are eclipsed; the five planets leave their paths; the four seasons encroach one upon another; daylight is obscured; glowing mountains collapse; rivers are dried up; it thunders then in winter, hoarfrost falls in summer; the atmosphere is thick and human beings are choked; the state perishes; the aspect and the order of the sky are altered; the customs of the age are disturbed (thrown into disorder) all living beings harass one another.” (3-p 247)

Another Taoist author, Hoei-Nan-Tze, says that when the earth and the sun leave their path, a tremendous flood will cover the earth. (3-p248)


The Chinese legend, “Reign of the Chaos,” tells us that in the beginning, the world was in darkness; and there was a great deal of smoke and clouds covering the earth.  After the Age of Chaos, the heaven and earth separated.  “Records had not yet been established or inscriptions (writing) invented.  At first even the rulers dwelt in caves and desert places, eating raw flesh and drinking blood.” (1-p2l0)

The Chinese legend of the “Ten Stems,” tells us of the earth in this chaotic condition.  At the Sixth Stem, “Darkness and the Light unite with injurious effects-all things become solid, (frozen) and the Darkness destroys the growth of all things (the beginning of the ice age).  At the Seventh Stem, the Darkness nips all things.

At the Ninth Stem, the Light begins to nourish all things in the recesses below (the sun reappears).” (1-p2ll)

Asimilar story is told in the “Legend of the Twelve Branches.” From the text of Confucianism, the wind, “khien,” represents the sun which is also known as the Great Father.  Khien is also associ­ated with the idea of heaven, a circle, a ruler, cold, ice, or deep red.  In the Confucius text, a description of the sun is given when it reappeared after the great period of darkness.  They say that “the Great Father, the god of heaven, who is red and is a circle (the sun); and the Great Mother, the goddess of Earth, who is black.” (20-p266)

From this ancient Chinese text, we can see a clear description of the sun as being red in color after its reappearance.  This is the same type of description that the natives give us in Northern and Central America.

Another Chinese legend about the Emperor Yahou (Yu) tells us that “Yu divided the land, following the course of the hills, he cut down the trees.  He determined the highest hills and largest rivers. . . The (waters of the) Hang and Wei were brought to their proper channels.” (20-p283)

Another version of the exploits of Yahou says that “When the floods were lifted to the heavens, spreading far and wide, sur­rounding the hills and submerging the mounds, so that the com­mon people were bewildered and dismayed, I availed myself of four vehicles, and going up the hills I felled the trees. . . . After that I drained off the nine channels, directing them into the four seas; I dug out ditches and canals and brought them into rivers.” (20-p283) The legend continues to say that after Yahou had


finished this work, “heaven presented him with a dark colored mace (sky).” (20-p284)

Throughout Chinese recorded history, the emperors of China have insisted that astronomy be studied to its highest attainable level, for in their mythologies, it is recorded that certain catastro­phic events occur on the earth when particular celestial phenomena occur.  One of the most important of these phenomena is a solar eclipse.  A solar eclipse was considered a very evil omen.  To quote from the lamentations from the Shih King, Ode 9, (Shik Yueh Kih Kiao):

“The sun and moon announce evil, not keeping to their proper paths.  Throughout the kingdom there is no (proper) (order), because the good are not employed.  For the moon to be eclipsed is but an ordinary matter.  Now that the sun has been eclipsed, how bad it is.

Grandly flashes the lightning of the thunder.  There is a want of rest, a want of good.  The streams all bubble up and overflow.  The crags on the hill-tops fall down.  High banks become valleys; deep valleys become hills.  Alas for the men of this time! How does (God) not stop these things?” (18-p355)

In China a tremendous amount of significance has been attached to dragons.  It is thought that when dragons fight, fireballs fall to the ground and a strong wind prevails in the heavens.  When dragon’s eggs hatch, lightning flashes, thunder bellows, and darkness comes to the earth. (20-p59) Chinese dragon lore is quite extensive; too extensive for a long discussion here.  One dragon figure is par­ticularly interesting to us.  It is called the “Blue Dragon,” believed to be the chief spirit of water and rain.  As we mentioned in the legends of Oceania, we believe that primitive man associated the expanding gaseous shells of the sun with that of a large celestial dragon causing dramatic effects on the earth.  That is probably the only fragment of truth associated with dragon lore.  All of the dragon stories following the original celestial observation were nothing more than flowery fairytales and fantasy.

It is a shame that the original early accounts of the last cata­clysm were destroyed by the Emperor Tsin-Khin-Hong.  We are sure that if these records were available to us today they would give us a much more accurate and detailed description of the sequence of events that. occurred before, during, and after this great cataclysm.  Fortunately, we do have records of the earliest of the Chinese


religious beliefs of what they thought existence was and how the original creation came about. This was preserved in the teachings of Taoism. Pure Taoism was first taught by Fu-hsi (the Chinese Adam). This, of course, implies that Taoism is actually the teach­ings or philosophical thought of the previous civilization. As men­tioned earlier, Lao-Tze and Kwang-Tze both say the same thing. At this point a description of Taoism is called for.

The translation of the word, Tao, means "the way of nature-­her processes, her methods, and her laws." (19-p14) When trans­lated as a force or power, it means the power that works in all created things, producing, preserving, and giving life. The Tao is invisible and is, therefore, not of this dimension. The following is a collection of descriptions as given by Lao-Tze and Kwang-Tze. You will notice the only thing that can possibly fit their descrip­tion of the Tao is what our theory calls the information that makes up all things in the universe. These ancient philosophers some­times mistakenly associate the Tao with both the first and second dimensions. In our theory we make a clear differentiation between information in a storage dimension and in a transmission dimension.

The Tao permiates the smallest of things, as well as the largest of things. The Tao does not have a positive existence nor a negative one. It is rather a mode of being. The Tao is the maker and trans­former. "The Tao is hidden and has no name, but it is the Tao which is skillful at importing (to all things what they need) and making them complete." (19-p85) "The Tao is the spontaneously operating cause of all movement in the phenomena of the universe." (19-p15) The Tao does not decay. The material world springs from the immaterial (the Tao). "It does nothing and has no bodily form. It may be handed down (by the teacher) but may not be received (by his scholars). It may be apprehended (by the mind), but it cannot be seen. It has its roots and ground (of existence) in itself." (19-p243) "The Tao is older than the highest antiquity, and yet could not be considered old (the Tao is independent of time and space). (19-p244) No one knows its beginnings, no one knows its ends." (19-p245) The supreme Tao begets all creation and causes all phenomena. Neither Lao-Tze nor Kwang-Tze associ­ated the Tao with anything similar to western philosophical ideas of what God is.

Taoism does not have a creation mythology, such as the one stated in the Bible. Instead they describe the creation of the uni-




verse as a result of the Tao coming into existence. As you will notice from Lao-Tze and Kwang-Tze's explanation of the creation of the, universe, it is very similar to our concept of how the uni­verse came into being. "In the beginning of all things there was nothing in all the vicinity of space, there was nothing that could be named. From this came the first existence but it was without bodily shape. This was the formation of the universe under the guidance of the Tao. It was evolution, not a creation. The Tao, they do not say came into existence but rather into operation." (19-p315) "Creation passes through one portal. The root of all things emerges through one gate." (38-p19) Lao-Tze tells us that existence and non-existence give birth to one another. The one to the idea of the other. (19-p48) The idea of a spirit or soul super­imposed on three-dimensional matter is also echoed by Kwang-Tze. He tells us "as things were completed (came into being) there were produced the distinguishing lines of each, which we call the bodily shape. That shape was the body perceiving in it the spirit." (19­p316) Lao-Tze tells us that man is composed of body and spirit but not necessarily dependent on each other. You might say that the similarities between early Taoism and our Theory of Multi­dimensional Reality is merely coincidental, but there is one phi­losophy stated by Lao-Tze which definitely proves that the origins of Taoism began from a civilization with a highly advanced science. We say this because the only way to know this principle of the universe is to have sophisticated astronomical equipment in order to make the observation. Lao-Tze said "(So heaven) diminishes where there is superabundance, and supplements where there is deficiency. It is the way of heaven to diminish superabundance and to supplement deficiency." (19-p119) He is saying the same thing we said in Chapter Six and that is that the diehold will never permit too much or too little information being directed toward a given area in time and space. It will correct any such disproportion over time. In order for us to come to this conclusion, we had to have at our disposal knowledge of the expanding universe, black holes, quasars, and most importantly to know what gravity truly is. The founders of the Taoist philosophy must have known about the same scientific observations as we do today. Otherwise, we do not see how they could have come up with this principle.

An important point to be made from these principles stated in Taoism is that, perhaps, the best legacy we have from the previous




civilization (when we say the previous civilization, we mean the one before the last cataclysm) is not the pyramids or caves left by them but rather the philosophical ideas of what existence is.  This observation would fit one of our basic premises-which is that ideas always transcend material things.

In conclusion, the word, Tao is unscientific man’s attempt to name an abstract idea which actually means information.

All ancient Chinese scholars attribute the philosophy of Taoism with Fu-hsi, who also brought with him from the previous civiliza­tion a unique type of hieroglyphics.  They are called the trigrams (Figure 11.1) and the hexagrams (Figure 11.2). The trigrams and hexagrams are made by a simple combination of what is called strong lines (-) and weak lines (- -).  No Chinese scholars of written record have ever understood what importance or mean­ing Fu-hsi put on the trigrams or hexagrams.  The original meanings of these figures seem to have died with Fu-hsi.  The only thing we do know about them is that Fu-hsi grouped the hexagrams in series of 8, 16, 32, and 64.  These are, of course, higher powers of 2. In the 13th century BC, King Wan gave new meaning to the tri­grams and hexagrams.  Some scholars believe that King Wan was actually the originator of the hexagrams; but when King Wan was asked about this by his court scholars, he told them that the hexagrams were, in fact, attributable to Fu-hsi . The clues to these hieroglyphics are in the numerical progression in which Fu-hsi grouped them.  These numbers are not coincidentally higher powers of two.  The only device we know of that uses a binary system is computers.  Computers of today are measured by the number of bits of memory they can store.  For instance, a 64 memory means a computer can store up to 64,000 bits of information in its core.  What we are getting at is this: We believe the trigrams and hexa­grams which Fu-hsi handed down to us are really a computer language used by the previous civilization.  If this postulate seems unlikely because you think mere lines cannot be used as a com­puter language to be read by a computer, you must consider the computer codes used on food packages and other items sold in supermarkets throughout the United States (Figure 11.3). These


Figure 11.1


THE HEXAGRAMS, in the order in which they appear in the Yi, and were arranged by king W4n.


                                                     Figure  11.2               (Ref. 8)


Figure 11.3

codes are a series of 30 lines which represent the manufacturer, the product number, and the price.  The computer “reads” these series of lines and interprets the various thicknesses of the lines and the spaces between the lines.  Tens of thousands of different com­binations can be derived from these 30 lines.  We believe originally the trigrams and hexagrams were very similar to our present-day packaging codes.  The line thickness and the space difference be­tween each line represent different information to the computer (Figure 11.4). It is possible also that the weak lines were of differ­ent lengths; therefore, a computer code using just six lines could be used for thousands of different kinds of information.


Figure 11.4

Our conclusion of the trigrams and hexagrams is that the original true meaning of them will never be known because we have no way of knowing what information the computer had programmed in it associated with those different figures.  We believe these hexa­grams were never meant to be a written language; just like the com­puter codes on our packaging is not meant to be our written language.  Finally, the most obvious conclusion is that the previous civilization was at least as advanced as we are today; perhaps more so.


The Mythologies of Japan

Japan is a mixture of four separate civilizations that settled on the island.  The oldest residents of Japan are the Ainu people.  Later settlers included the Koreans, the Chinese, and Malayans.  Over the thousands of years, they intermarried and formed the Japanese culture.  We will concentrate on the legends of the Ainu people since they were possibly the only original survivors from the island of Japan.  They have a deluge mythology, which simply says that when the waters rose, most of the human race was destroyed.  Only a remnant survived by climbing to the summit of a high mountain.  Another legend of Japan called the Nihongi says that there was a time of continuous darkness: “the world was given over to wide­spread desolation; it was an age of darkness and disorder.” (3­pl34)

The Ainu culture does not have what we would call a very clear self-explanatory mythology of the last cataclysm.  Instead the sequence of events that occurred is coded and concealed in some very fanciful mythologies.  The main one being the legend of Izanagi.  Izanagi we would consider their idea of God.  The legend tells us his sister, Izanami (the old sun), went to the underworld when she grew old and was about to die.  The legend goes on:

“After Izanagi had slain his son, the fire-god, and brought into being new gods (a new sun), including dragons, he was seized with longing to see Izanami once more.  Accordingly he set out to find her in Yomi, the dark Hades of the Underworld ...

When Izanagi reached the gloomy dwelling of his sister, she raised the door, and he spoke to her, saying: ‘Thine Augustness, my lovely young sister! The lands that I and you made are not yet finished; so come back.’ “ (20-p357)

This part of the legend is attempting to tell us that when the old sun disappeared, there was a period of darkness that covered the earth.  Later on, the legend tells us that associated with the old sun is fire, thunder, lightning, and earthquakes.  Eventually a new sun reappears and the earth is brought to life again. (21-p226)



Mythologies From India

The Indian culture is one of the oldest on the earth.  Their folklore dates back to a time previous to the last cataclysm.  India has been rich in many varied philosophical viewpoints of existence.  Hindu­ism, Brahmanism, and Buddhism are three of the many philo­sophical ideas that have come from India.  Most of these religious ideas have incorporated in them the mythologies and folklore of India.  Many stories of the creation and the epic cataclysms have been incorporated into these religions.

It is difficult digging out some of the original stories of the crea­tion and the cataclysm, because the original legends have been interpreted and reinterpreted so many times by sages that the original legend is now highly distorted.  “Too many cooks spoil the broth,” or in this case, too many philosophers have destroyed the true meaning of the original ideas.

The history of Hinduism has always been a struggle between “the devotees of folk religion and the expounders of the Forest Books produced by the speculative sages who, in their quest for truth, use primitive myths to illustrate profound doctral teachings.” (23-pl02)

The Hindus’ concept of the creation of the universe is similar to our own.  In the beginning there was nothing in the universe.  When time began and the information from the diehold began modulat­ing into existence, there were only vast amounts of light and energy, being emitted from the point of modulation.  The Hindus say, “At first the Universe was not anything.  There was neither sky, nor earth, nor air.  Being non-existent, it resolved, ‘Let me be.’ It be­came fervent.  From that fervour, smoke was produced.  It again became fervent.  From the fervour, fire was produced.  Afterwards the fire became ‘rays’ and the ‘rays’ condensed into a cloud, pro­ducing the sea.” (20-p3O4)

The Hindus also say that the universe was created by mind which is comparable to what we describe as being the They say the force that comes from the “mind” is called “Brahma.  This Brahma permeates and creates everything in the universe.  The Brahma would be analogous to us saying, “the information coming from the diehold.” So Brahma is actually the “primitive” man’s attempt to explain information that makes up all existence.  As you can see, the Hindu sages had somehow either evolved to the


correct answer of how the universe came about or there were records left by a previous civilization that some of these sages had the opportunity to read.  The Hindus also have a detailed descrip­tion of three previous ages before ours.  Before we can go into these, we must give a brief explanation of how they divided time to come up with these ages.

In Indian folklore, one year for man is equal to one day of the gods.  Twelve thousand years to the gods is equal to one age or a katuryuga (4 yugas).  One thousand katuryugas is equal to a kalpa.  Each katuryuga is made up of four human ages. (24-p20) An important number to be noticed is the number 12,000.  Even though they associate the 12,000 years as being years of the gods, this we believe is a prime example of the misinterpretation of too many sages giving their interpretation of an original document.  We have noticed that many cultures throughout the world consider the few survivors of the last cataclysm as being like gods.  We be­lieve that when they say 12,000 years of the gods, it is actually 12,000 years of our time.  Otherwise, 12,000 divine years of the gods would equal 4,320,000 years of man.  This number is obvious­ly wrong, because we know that 12,000 and 24,000 years ago there were polar reversals and ice ages on the earth, which in turn caused the cataclysms.  There is no way these people would have a record of a cataclysm that occurred over 4.3 million years ago.  They obviously mixed up the meaning of the ages, or yugas and kalpas.  We theorize that each age, whether we call it a yuga or a kalpa, is actually equal to 12,000 Earth years.

The Indian sage, Markandeya, was believed to be one of the survivors of the last cataclysm.  From his philosophies has come a very accurate and detailed description of the past ages.  In the legend, he tells of three previous ages: the krita yuga (36,000 years before our age), the treta yuga (24,000 years ago), and the dwapara yuga-the last age-(12,000 years ago).  The age in which we live presently is called the kali yuga.  Markandeva’s tale is as follows:

“In the beginning there existed a supreme being: great, incomprehensi­ble, wonderful, and immaculate, without beginning and without end.. . . He is the Creator of All, but is himself Increate, and is the cause of all power.

After the Universe is dissolved, all Creation is renewed, and the cycle of the four Ages begins again with Krita Yuga.  ‘A cycle of the Yugas



comprises twelve thousand divine years.  A full thousand of such cycles constitutes a Day of Brahma.’ At the end of each Day of Brahma comes ‘Universal Destruction.’

Markandeya goes on to say that the world grows extremely sinful at the close of the last Kali Yuga of the Day of Brahma.  Brahmans abstain from prayer and meditation, and Sudras take their place ... ; all men degenerate and beasts of prey increase.  The earth is ravaged by fire, cows give little milk, fruit trees no longer blossom, Indra sends no rain; the world of men becomes filled with sin and immorality.  Then the earth is swept by fire, and heavy rains fall until the forests and moun­tains are covered over by the rising flood.  All the winds pass away; they are absorbed by the Lotus floating on the breast of the waters, in which the Creator sleeps; the whole Universe is a dark expanse of water.” (23-pll3)

In other writings, Markandeya goes into greater detail of what happens during the destruction:

“After a drought lasting for many years, seven blazing suns will appear in the firmament; (the sun novas) they will drink up all the waters.  Then wind-driven fire will sweep over the earth, consuming all things; penetrating to the nether world it will destroy what is there in a mo­ment; it will burn up the Universe.  Afterwards many-coloured and brilliant clouds will collect in the sky, looking like herds of elephants decked with wreaths of lightning.  Suddenly they will burst asunder, and rain will fall incessantly for twelve years until the whole world with its mountains and forests is covered with water.  The clouds will vanish.  Then the Self-created Lord, the First Cause of everything, will absorb the winds and go to sleep.  The Universe will become one dread expanse of water.” (23-pl42)

As you can tell from Markandeya’s version of the destruction, he covers many of the same points we theorized occurred at the end of these great universal cycles.  This point is also elaborated on in the Hindu Book, Bhagavata Purana.  This book also tells us there are four ages, and each age is ended by a conflagration, flood, and hurricane.  In the Indian books, Ezour Vedam and Bhaga Vedam, we are told of four previously expired ages.  In the book, Visuddhi­Magga (World Cycles), it says “There are three destructions: the destruction by water, the destruction by fire, the destruction by wind.” (3-p43)

This last book tells of seven past ages, all of which ended in a


world cataclysm.  In Brahmanism it is thought that after each cycle, “the universe becomes water as in the beginning.” (23-pl05) This expression is, of course, referring to the period after the great flood when the earth appears to have been entirely covered with water.

The Hindu book, Vedanta-Sutras, also tells us that the world is periodically devastated and changes both name and form.  The surface of the earth dissolves and is later produced anew.  All con­tradictions to truth pass away. (27-p2l2) In the book, Satapatha­Brahmana there is a good description of what the sun does at the end of a yuga (world age).

“That one (the sun) bakes everything here, by means of the days and nights, the half-moons, the months, the seasons, and the year; and this (Agni, the fire) (the sun) bakes what is baked by that one: ‘A baker of the baked (he is),’ said BharadVaga of Agni; ‘for he bakes what has been baked by that (sun).’

In the year these amounted to ten thousand and eight hundred: he stopped at the ten thousand and eight hundred.” (28-p352)

What this phrase is indicating to us is that the Brahmans feel that the sun destroys by baking one-half of the earth at the end of a cycle.  They believe that this event occurs every 10,800 years.  This is not very far off from our theory that it occurs every 12,000 years.

In the third Brahmana in the same Hindu book, they give us another impression of their views on the sun:

“Now yonder burning (sun) doubtless is no other than Death; and be­cause he is Death, therefore the creatures that are on this side of him die.  But those that are on the other side of him are the gods, and they are therefore immortal.

And the breath of whomsoever he (the sun) wishes he takes and rises, and that one dies.  And whosoever goes to yonder world not having escaped that Death, him he causes to die again and again in yonder world, even as, in this world, one regards not him that is fettered, but puts him to death whenever one wishes.” (25-p343)

You will notice there is no disagreement as to what causes the destruction of the earth.  The principle of 12,000 years between world cycles does show up in Brahman literature in the Rik Verses.


There are 12,000 verses in this writing.  Each verse representing a year.  Supposedly, the verses were created by Pragapati (God). (28-p353)

Like most other cultures, the Hindus also associated the forces of nature with personalized deities.  There is one very nice legend of Bhima, who is the son of the wind-god, Vayu.  Bhima is associ­ated with the winds.  He has a brother, Hanuman, the monkey god.  The story tells us that Bhima goes out into the woods to gather flowers from Paradise for his beloved queen.  Some time passes after Bhima is in the forest, when he notices dark ominous clouds over him.  He then rushes to gather the flowers without delay:

“At length he hastened like to a hurricane, making the earth tremble under his feet, and lions and tigers and elephants and bears arose and took flight from before him.  Terrible was then the roaring of Bhima.  Birds fluttered terror-stricken and flew away; in confusion arose the geese and the ducks and the herons and the kokilas.... Bhima tore down branches; he struck trees and overthrew them; he smote and slew elephants and lions and tigers that crossed his path.  He blew on his war­shell and the heavens trembled; the forest was stricken with fear; moun­tain caves echoed the clamour; elephants trumpeted in terror and lions howled dismally.” The story continues and tells us that Hanuman was awakened by his brother’s commotion.  Hanuman then tells his brother of the past yugas on the earth.

“At that Age the universe was not as it is now.  Thou canst not be­hold the form I erstwhile had.... In Krita Yuga there was one state of things and in the Treta Yuga another; greater change came with Dwapara Yuga, and in the present Yuga there is lessening, and I am not what I have been.  The gods, the saints, and all things that are have changed.  I have conformed with the tendency of the present age and the influence of Time.”

“Said Bhima: ‘I would fain learn of thee regarding the various Yugas.  Speak and tell what thou dost know, 0 Hanuman.’ “

“The ape god then spoke and said: ‘The Krita Yuga (Perfect Age) was so named because there was but one religion, and all men were saintly: therefore they were not required to perform religious cere­monies.  Holiness never grew less, and the people did not decrease.  There were no gods in the Krita Yuga, and there were no demons or Yakshas, and no Rakshasas or Nagas.  Men neither bought nor sold; there were no poor and no rich; there was no need to labour, because all that men required was obtained by the power of will; the chief virtue was the abandonment of all worldly desires.  The Krita Yuga was without disease; there was no lessening with the years; there was no hatred, or vanity, or


evil thought whatsoever; no sorrow, no fear.  All mankind could attain to supreme blessedness.  The universal soul was Narayana: he was White; he was the refuge of all and was sought for by all; the identification of self with the universal soul was the whole religion of the Perfect Age.”

In the Treta Yuga sacrifices began, and the World Soul became Red; virtue lessened a quarter.  Mankind sought truth and performed religious ceremonies; they obtained what they desired by giving and by doing.

“In the Dwapara Yuga the aspect of the World Soul was Yellow: religion lessened one-half.  The Veda, which was one (the Regveda) in the Krita Yuga, was divided into four parts, and although some had knowledge of the four Vedas, others knew but three or one.  Mind lessened, Truth declined, and there came desire and diseases and calami­ties; because of these men had to undergo penances.  It was a decadent Age by reason of the prevalence of sin.”

“In the Kali Yuga the World Soul is Black in hue: it is the Iron Age; only one quarter of virture remaineth.  The world is afflicted, men turn to wickedness; disease cometh; all creatures degenerate; contrary effects are obtained by performing holy rites; change passeth over all things, and even those who live through many Yugas must change also.” (23­plO8)

In the Hindu book, Prasna-Upanishad, it is told that in the past the sun rose in the west and set in the east.


“He replied: ‘Pragapati (the lord of creatures) was desirous of creatures.  He performed penance, and having performed penance, he produced a pair, matter (rayi) and spirit (prana), thinking that they together should produce creatures for him in many ways.

The sun is spirit, matter is the moon.  All this, what has body and what has no body, is matter, and therefore body indeed is matter.

Now Aditya, the sun, when he rises, goes toward the East, and thus receives the Eastern spirits into his rays.” (26-p272)

Another interesting folk legend from the Satapatha-Brahmana tells of the adventures of one young man, Manu, before and after the great deluge.  One day Manu went down to the water to wash his hands.  A small fish jumped into his hands.  It said to him:

“’Rear me, I will save thee.’ ‘Wherefrom wilt thou save me?’ ‘A flood will carry away all these creatures: from that I will save thee!’ ‘How am I to rear thee?’

It said, ‘As long as we are small, there is great destruction for us: fish devours fish.  Thou wilt first keep me in a jar.  When I outgrow that,


thou wilt dig a pit and keep me in it.  When I outgrow that, thou wilt take me down to the sea, for then I shall be beyond destruction.’

It soon became a ghasha (a large fish); for that grows largest (of all fish).  Thereupon it said, ‘In such and such a year that flood will come.  Thou shalt then attend to me (i.e., to my advice) by preparing a ship; and when the flood has risen thou shalt enter into the ship, and I will save thee from it.

After he had reared it in this way, he took it down to the sea.  And in the same year which the fish had indicated to him, he attended to (the advice of the fish) by preparing a ship; and when the flood had risen, he entered into the ship.  The fish then swam up to him, and to its hom he tied the rope of the ship, and by that means he passed swiftly up to yonder northern mountain.

It then said, ‘I have saved thee.  Fasten the ship to a tree; but let not the water cut thee off, whilst you art on the mountain.  As the water subsides, thou mayest gradually descend!’ Accordingly he gradually descended, and hence that (slope) of the northern mountain is called ‘Manu’s descent.’ The flood then swept away all these creatures, and Manu alone remained here.” (25-p2l6)

This story is somewhat similar to the biblical story of Noah, but this similarity could be explained by anthropologists because there was a great deal of trade and other contact between India and the holy land.  What is so interesting to us about this legend is that it is almost exactly like a legend that is told in Central America.  In almost every respect it is the same; even to the fish grabbing the line of the boat.  As far as anyone knows, there has never been any contact between India and the American continent up until the time of the discovery of the new world.  We won’t speculate on why these two mythologies are so similar, but it does seem very strange that the same story shows up 12,000 miles apart.

From the Hindu book, Avatar, we are given a good description of what the sun looked like when it novaed and how many hours it took for it to expand.

“By the power of God there issued from the essence of Brahma a being shaped like a boar, white and exceeding small (the sun); this being, in the space of an hour, grew to the size of an elephant of the largest size, and remained in the air.

Brahma (the name of the Hindu king) was astonished on beholding this figure, and discovered, by the force of internal penetration, that it could be nothing but the power of the Omnipotent which had assumed


abody and become visible.  He now felt that God is all in all, and all is from him, and all in him; and said to Mareechee and his sons (the attendant genii): ‘A wonderful animal has emanated from my essence; at first of the smallest size, it has in one hour increased to this enorm­ous bulk, and, without doubt, it is a portion of the almighty power.’

Brahma, an earthly king, was at first frightened by the terrible spectacle in the air, and then claimed that he had produced it himself!

They were engaged in this conversation when that vara, or boar­form, suddenly uttered a sound like the loudest thunder, and the echo reverberated and shook all the quarters of the universe.

But still, under this dreadful awe of heaven, a certain wonderful divine confidence secretly animated the hearts of Brahma, Mareechee, and the other genii, who immediately began praises and thanksgiving.  That vara (the sun) figure, . . . again made a loud noise, and became a dreadful spectacle.  Shaking the full flowing mane which hung down his neck on both sides, and erecting the humid hairs of his body, he proudly displayed his two most exceedingly white tusks; then, rolling about his wine-colored (red) eyes, and erecting his tail, he descended from the region of the air, and plunged headforemost into the water.  The whole body of water was convulsed by the motion, and began to rise in waves, while the guardian spirit of the sea, being terrified, began to tremble for his domain and cry for mercy.”’ 132)

The previous myth gives us a very good description of what the visual phenomena must have looked like.  It also tells us that a great deal of noise was associated with the sun’s nova.  When it refers to the sun having a “full flowing mane” and tusks coming from two sides, this is probably an attempt at describing the gas shells of the sun as they expanded.  Toward the end of the legend, we see clear reference to the nova’s effect on the oceans of the earth.  It must have been a truly frightening sight to the people on the earth.

Another Hindu legend tells of the battle between the sun god, Rama, and Ravana, a giant demon.  Supposedly, Ravana had caused great trouble in the ancient land of the Hindus.  This occurred at the end of the last age:

“The battle is a terrible one.  Ravana has ten heads, and as fast as Rama cuts off one another grows in its place.  Finally, Rama, . . . , fires the terrible arrow of Brahma (fire), and the monster falls dead.

Gods and demons are watching the contest from the sky, and flowers (debris) fall down in showers on the victorious hero.



The body of Ravana is consumed by fire.  Sita, the furrowed earth, goes through the ordeal of fire, and comes out of it purified and re­deemed from all taint of the monster Ravana; and Rama, the sun, and Sita, the earth, are separated for fourteen years; Sita is hid in the dark jungle, and then they are married again, and live happily together ever after.” (1-pl72)

We have covered many ancient Hindu mythologies of the crea­tion and the cataclysm.  Every one says that the sun was the cause of the cataclysm on the earth.  We theorize India was fortunate enough to be on the back side of the earth when the sun novaed.  We believe they learned of what occurred on the planet from very evolved humans that may have immigrated to India from the other side of the world, bringing with them their science and philosophy.  The idea of successive world cycles is well developed in these Hindu mythologies.  This principle was probably brought to them by these philosophers.  The reason we believe that the basis for these Hindu theories of the cataclysm was brought to them is because to know that there were three or four previous civilizations and cataclysms implies that some civilization on this planet had evolved scientifi­cally, as far as, or farther than, us.

Two important philosophical theories mentioned in Brahmanism are their ideas of time and also the atom.  This is what the Brah­mans say about time from the book, Maitrayana-Brahmana­Upanishad:

“Because time is imperceptible by sense, therefore this (the progress of the sun) is its evidence, and by it alone is time proved to exist.  Without proof there is no apprehension of what is to be proved; but even what is to be proved can become proof, for the sake of making itself known, if the parts (the twinklings) can be distinguished from the whole (time).  For thus it is said:

‘As many portions of time as there are, through them the sun pro­ceeds: he who worships time as Brahman, from him time moves away very far.’ And thus it is said:

‘From time all beings flow, from time they grow; in time they obtain rest; time is visible (sun) and invisible (moments).’

There are two forms of Brahman, time and non-time.  That which was before the (existence of the) sun is non-time and has no parts.  That which had its beginning from the sun is time and has parts.” (26-p3l6)



This explanation of time is not too far from what we theorize time to be.  We say time is the distance covered across the informa­tion by the tapehead.  They are close to this idea by saying that time flows.  Their idea of time and non-time, we would say is an attempt to explain the first dimension, where time stands still be­cause all existence is simply pure information.  Their expression, “the sun is non-time and has no parts” is not completely correct.  Here, we see them trying to say that the sun is the cause of all in­formation in our world, rather than our idea that information comes from a structure in the first dimension.  They are correct in thinking that the sun has no parts or matter.  Because per our theory, the sun is mostly highly unstable information and is only made up of a very small percentage of matter.

The other philosophical point we do not believe a primitive people could have evolved to is their conception of what the smallest piece of matter is.  In the beginning of Chapter Five, we credited the Greeks with the concept and the word, “atom.” This has been the accepted teaching; but we are not so sure of that, because of what is written in the Vedanta-Sutras and Adhyaya.  In this section they are philosophizing about the parts that make up matter:

“As we observe four elementary substances consisting of parts, viz. earth, water, fire, and air (wind), we have to assume four different kinds of atoms.  These atoms marking the limit of subdivision into minuter parts cannot be divided themselves; hence when the elements are destroyed they can be divided down to atoms only; this state of atomic division of the elements constitutes the pralaya (the periodical destruction of the world).  After that when the time for creation comes, motion (karman) springs up in the aerial atoms.  This motion which is due to the unseen principle (soul) joins the atom in which it resides to another atom; thus binary compounds are produced, and finally the element of air.  In a like manner are produced fire, water, earth, the body with its organs.  Thus the whole world originates from atoms.  From the qualities inhering in the atoms the qualities belonging to the binary compounds are produced, just as the qualities of the cloth result from the qualities of the threads.-Such, in short, is the teaching of the followers of Kanada.” (27-p386)

To put it very plainly, their concept of the atom is correct, be­cause the atom cannot be divided.  It is obvious from this passage


 that they had the principle that when a soul or conscious energy is superimposed with atoms, it produces motion, which is caused by time.  Their reference to binary compounds may be an attempt to explain what we call the electrostatic field and the magnetic field that are a function of the information.  From the Hindus’ explana­tions of time and the atom, there is little doubt that no primitive people could have known this.  The only way a civilization could obtain this state of knowledge is to have been scientifically highly advanced.  The question, of course, now is “Were the Hindus, 12,000 years ago, highly advanced or was there another civiliza­tion?” Again we come to the possibility that Atlantis did exist.


Mythologies of Siberia

From the northeasternmost regions of Siberia to its western regions, near the Crimea, all the natives tell of a great deluge that occurred some time in the ancient past.  There are several variations of this legend.  Some say the people took refuge on rafts.  Others say the people took refuge on logs and other debris floating on the surface of the water.  Many legends developed the idea that the flood caused the many races and differences in languages among people.

For instance, the Urians say that the rafts drifted in different directions.  After the water decreased, the people settled in differ­ent parts of the world.  Other legends say that a strong wind blew the rafts to different parts of the earth. (36-p367)

The Tungus people tell the following story of the cataclysm: “In the beginning was the earth, but then a great fire raged for seven years and the earth was burned up.  Everything became sea.  All the Tungus were consumed except a boy and a girl who rose up with an eagle into the sky.  Having wandered for a time in the air, they descended to a place where the water had dried up.” (36­p368)

In this legend there is clear reference to an association between the fire and flood occurring at the same time.

The Voguls also have a conflagration legend.  They say: “God sent a sea of fire upon the earth in order to destroy the devil.  The cause of the fire they call ‘the fire-water.’ In the destruction of all creation, only the gods and a few mortals succeeded in saving them­selves.  The former placed themselves in an ‘iron ship,’ the latter on


a ’seven-bottomed beech-raft,’ which was provided in addition with a fireproof, sevenfold cover of sturgeon-skin.” (36-p368)

The Voguls also say that the earth was “burning at both corners of the sky.” (36-p369) This is definite proof that Asia was on the back side of the earth when the sun novaed.  What the Voguls had seen was light and flame coming from both the eastern and western horizons.  This must have been an incredible spectacle in the sky.

The Tartars from Central Russia say that at this time the whole world was turned red, fire and flame surrounded the earth and rose to the heavens.  In this world conflagration, they say, all the wicked people were destroyed.  Notice they realize the earth was burned by some celestial object, but they do not know that it was the sun.


The Mythologies of Babylon

The ancient city of Babylon was located on the Euphrates River.  The Babylonian empire extended as far east as India.  This part of the world has seen many different religions.  Some of the religions were sun and planet worshippers; others were fire worshippers.  One of the best-known religions was Mazdaism, and its prophet was the famous Zarathustra (Zoroaster).  This religion lasted in its pure state for some 300 years.  After that it degenerated into noth­ing more than idolatry and fire worship.  In its golden age under the guidance of Zarathustra, they believed that time was divided into world ages.  Each world age consisted of 12,000 years.  Each thousand years was represented by a separate God and also a sepa­rate astrological sign.  They believed the beginning of the first millennium began at 9,630 B.C. Zarathustra was born 660 B.C. They believed the end of the 12th millennium will be in the year 2,398 A.D. (34-pxxxi) At the end of the 12th millennium or world age, the sun will stand still for 30 days; and there will be a complete renovation of the universe.  To quote: “When that mil­lennium has fully elapsed, which is the second of the religion of the Mazda-worshippers.... the sun conceals itself . . .” (34-pll4) Then there will be 30 straight winters.  Fifty-seven years after the sun goes dark, a new sun will appear in the sky. (34-pll6) This number, 57, is very close to the 52-years mentioned by the Aztecs.


Mazdaism also teaches that after the sun goes dark, the God of the Ocean, Kanyisa, with a thousand of his companions will cover the earth and smite the wicked people and annihilate them. (34-pll8)

Zarathustra also taught that these world ages were divided into four, 3,000 year intervals. (30-pl49) The first being the golden age; the second being the silver; the third, the steel; and the fourth period being iron-the last being the most wicked.  There is “much propagation of the authority of the apostate and other villains, as regards the destruction of the reign of religion, the weakening of every kind of goodness and virtue, and the disappear­ance of honour and wisdom from the countries . . .” (33-pl8l)

The Babylonians had several deluge myths.  One of them is very close to the biblical story of Noah.  Since both stories may have one common source, we will not go into the Babylonian legend, but we will go into some of the things that are unique to the Baby­lonian legend.

They believed the sun god was Shamash, and he appointed the time when the heavens would rain destruction on the earth and the flood would come to destroy all men. (29-p55) Here again, we see a clear connection between the sun and the deluge.  The Babylonians believed that a previous race of men perished during this cataclysm and that all inhabitants of the earth were turned to clay, except a few who were saved in various ways. (29-pl93) There are indications that some of the survivors took refuge in some sort of cave or structure, other than a boat.  This is elabor­ated upon in the 27th chapter of the book, Dina-1 Mainog-i Khirad, one of the holy books of Mazdaism.  “The enclosure formed by Yim (one of their gods) was made by him; and when that rain of Malkos (the ice age) occurs-since it is declared in revelation that mankind and the other creatures and creations (the ones not in the cave) of Auharmazd, (their head god) the lord, are mostly those which shall perish-one which afterwards open the gate of that enclosure formed by Yim, and the people and cattle and other creatures and creations of the creator Auharmazd, shall come out from that enclosure, and arrange the world again.” (32-p59)

From this quotation we see reference to a period of extreme cold that comes after the cataclysm.  Of course, we know thisperiod as the ice age.  Other reference to this period of cold is given in the book, Dadistan-i Diniak, Chapter 37.  “Even that prodi­gious devastation of which it is declared that it happens through


the rain of Malkos, when, through snow, immoderate cold, and the unproductiveness of the world, most mortals die; and even the things attainable by mortals are attended with threatenings of scarcity.” (31-pl09)

From the second tablet of the Babylonian deluge legend, we have a very good description of the sequence of events that oc­curred during the deluge.

“When the first flush of dawn appeared

While Nabu and Marduk went before. (the waters)

They go as messengers over mountain and valley.

Nergal bore away the anchor.

Ninib advances, the storm he makes to descend.

The There came up from the horizon a black cloud.  Adad thundered within it.

Anunnaki lifted up their torches, (fire gods)

With their brightness they light up the land.

Adad’s storm reached unto heaven,

All light was turned into darkness, It (flooded) the land like ...

Raged high, (the water climbed over) the mountains,


Like a besom of destruction they brought it upon men,

...  Six days and nights

Blew the wind, the deluge and the tempest overwhelmed the land.

When the seventh day drew nigh, the tempest ceased; the deluge,

Which had fought like an army, ended.

Then rested the sea, the storm fell asleep, the flood ceased.

I looked upon the sea, while I sent forth my wail.

All mankind was turned to clay . . .

I looked upon the world, all was sea.

After twelve days the land emerged.” (35-p202)

The Babylonian legend is somewhat more descriptive when it comes to telling us that the waters passed over the mountains, which, of course, means that the oceans inundated the land.  Most amazing of all about this legend is that it tells us that the sun rose in the west.  The legend says that “when the first flash of dawn appeared,” the cataclysm began.  Since we already know from the legends of Oceania, China, India, and Siberia that the sun was not present in the sky when the deluge occurred, this means that the sun must have been over the Atlantic Ocean at the time the cata­clysm began.  For it to be dawn in ancient Persia and for the sun to



be over the Atlantic, means that the earth must have been turning opposite to how it turns today. From another Babylonian version of the deluge mythology, we find another reference that the sun rose in the west.

“At the dawn of day I saw rising athwart the heavens a dark cloud, and in the midst of it Rammon thundered.  Nebo and Merodach (the waters) went in front, speeding like emissaries over hills and plains.  The cables of the ship were let loose.

The Ninip, the tempest god, came nigh, and the storm broke in fury before him.  All the earth spirits leapt up with flaming torches and the whole land was aflare.  The thunder god swept over the heavens, blotting out the sunlight and bringing thick darkness.  Rain poured down the whole day long, and the earth was covered with water; the rivers were swollen; the land was in confusion; men stumbled about in the darkness, battling with the elements.  Brothers were unable to see brothers; no man could recognize his friends. . . . The spirits above looked down and beheld the rising flood and were afraid, they fled away, and in the heaven of Anu they crouched like to hounds in the protecting enclosures.

Six days and six nights went past, and the tempest raged over the waters which gradually covered the land.  But when the seventh day came, the wind fell, the shirling waters grew peaceful, and the sea re­treated.  The storm was over and the rain of destruction had ceased.  I looked forth.  I called aloud over the waters.  But all mankind had per­ished and turned to clay.  Where fields had been I saw marshes only.” (29-pl92)

We believe the reference to the spirits above hiding in protective enclosures meant the advanced civilization which also inhabited the planet at the time of the last cataclysm.  Many of these en­closures were probably pyramids, which we have mentioned have been found all over the world.

Adifferent account of the cataclysm is told in the Bundahis, one of the sacred books from Iran.  They believe an evil spirit de­scended on the earth and caused great destruction and havoc for a period of time.  They say,

“Afterwards, he (the evil spirit) came to fire, and he mingled smoke and darkness with it.  The planets, with many demons, dashed against the celestial sphere, and they mixed the constellations; and the whole crea­tion was as disfigured as though fire disfigured every place and smoke


arose over it.  And ninety days and nights the heavenly angles were contending in the world with the confederate demons of the evil spirit,... (30-pl9)

“The second conflict was waged with the water, The water poured on the earth the same day the destroyer caused the confla­gration on the earth.  They say the waters of the flood drifted to the west.” (30-p26) Again telling us that the earth rotated from east to west.  “The water stood as high as a man over the entire earth.  The wind spirit later swept away all the waters, and the earth was visible again.”

From the Babylonian legends we see more proof for most of the major points in our theory, especially that the earth rotated in the opposite direction.


The Legends of the Jews

It is believed that the Jewish religion began with the teachings of Abraham.  He was the first to teach a monotheistic concept of God.  There is no certain date as to when Abraham lived.  By some of the Jewish legends, Abraham lived at the same time as Noah; but, of course, this would have been impossible.  It is also believed that Abraham preceeded Moses by 400 or 500 years, but this is also uncertain.  Some of Abraham’s teachings of the creation teach that on the first day of creation, God created seven heavens, each heaven having a different purpose.  Besides the seven heavens created on the first day, God also created light and darkness.  As legend tells it: “Though the heavens and the earth consist of entirely different elements, they were yet created as a unit (matter).  The heavens were fashioned from the light of God’s garment.” (37-p8)

We would interpret the preceding as follows: the seven heavens actually represent the seven dimensions into which existence is manifested, meaning the second to the eighth dimension.  When the legend speaks of the heavens and the earth being made of different elements, but not yet brought into physical being, this we would interpret as meaning that in the beginning of time, the information for all existence was present in the diehold but not as yet trans­mitted or played out.  The universe was still just information in the diehold.  The idea that the universe was formed from the light of


God, we would interpret as meaning that the universe is a thought­form of God’s, just as a tool or other man-made object is the thought-form of man.  This idea was covered in Chapter Eight on psychic phenomena.  The light could be analogous to the small bubbles and flares of light that are seen emitting from living ob­jects under Kirlian photography.  The creation legend continues by saying that on the second day, the information took another form in existence.  “The firmament is not the same as the heavens of the first day.  It is the crystal stretched forth over the heads of the Hayyot, from which the heavens derive their light, as the earth derives its light from the sun.  This firmament saves the earth from being engulfed by the waters (random potentials) of the heavens; it forms the partition between the waters above (the information) and the waters below.  It (information) made to crystallize into the solid (matter) it is by the heavenly fire, which broke its bounds, and condensed the surface of the firmament (came into existence).  Thus fire made a division between the celestial and the terrestial at the time of creation.” (37-pl3)

We believe this explains the difference between the first dimen­sion, the storage dimension; the second dimension, which is the transmission dimension; and, of course, the third dimension, which is the first level at which matter is modulated into existence.  We had not found this concept stated in any of the other legends or mythologies anywhere else in the world.  We would say that the information handed down by Abraham is scientifically correct per our theory of existence, even though it is stated in terms that un­scientifically oriented individuals can comprehend.

The idea of previous worlds and civilizations was well known to the ancient Jews.  They believed that the previous civilizations had all been destroyed by cataclysms brought down upon them by God.  They believed that some people perished by the deluge and that others were consumed by fire.  It was believed that God sum­moned “the Angel of the Face, (the sun) ... to destroy the world.  The angel opened his eyes wide, and scorching fires and thick clouds rolled forth from them.” (37-pl4)

Most people have heard of the legend of Noah.  He, his wife, and six others are said to be the only survivors of the last great cata­clysm.  As we have shown from many other mythologies through­out the world, this is not correct.  It is obvious that many other people did survive this cataclysm by various methods-some by


taking refuge in caves, on the tops of mountains, clinging to logs, boats, etc.  It is obvious to us that there had to have been many other survivors because that is the only logical way to explain the varied races and cultures found all over the world.  It would seem to us to be the height of folly to think that the only survivors of the cataclysm were Noah and his party.

The Bible dates the last flood as occurring 3,760 B.C. This num­ber is obviously wrong, because we know that the Egyptian, Hindu, and Chinese civilizations existed before that date.  It is much more logical to say that the cataclysm occurred at least 9,000 B.C. This is not to say that we are discounting the story of Noah, since we do believe Noah and the other survivors did exist; we are merely saying the obvious-that the story of Noah is of much greater antiquity than biblical scholars believe.  We will not go into great depth about the story of Noah, since most people are already familiar with it.  We will mention some points that are mentioned from the legend of the Jews that are not stated in the Bible.  From the legend of Noah, we came across some very important points that prove several parts of our theory.

When Noah was born, his father and grandfather noticed some­thing very unusual about him.  As legend tells it, when Noah was born, Noah’s father told his father, Methuselah, the following: “He is not like a human being, but resembles the children of the angels of heaven, and his nature is different, and he is not like us, and his eyes are as the rays of the sun, and his countenance is glorious.” (37-pl45) After Methuselah heard the story, he in turn went to Enoch, a wise man.  He told Methuselah that Noah’s birth was a sign of things to come.  “The Lord will do a new thing in the earth.  There will come a great destruction on the earth, and a deluge for one year.  This son who is born unto thee will be left on the earth, and his three children will be saved with him, when all mankind that are on the earth shall die.  And there will be a great punish­ment on the earth, and the earth will be cleansed from all impurity.” (37-pl45) It is said that Noah prophesied to the people of his time for 120 years before the deluge to try to make them turn from their evil ways.  During this period of 120 years, it is said that the sun rose in the west and set in the east. (37-pl54)

One week after Methuselah died, the deluge struck the earth.  The obvious conclusion is that when the earth stopped rotating during the reversal period, the oceans continued moving to the


west resulting in the inundation of all the continents.  The legend continues by telling us what happened the day Noah entered the ark.

“The sun was darkened, and the foundations of the earth trembled, and lightning flashed, and the thunder boomed, as never before.  And yet the sinners remained impenitent.  In naught did they change their wicked doings during those last seven days.” (37-pl58) Hot rains came down from the heavens, scalding the flesh of the sinners.  The entire time the deluge lasted: “the sun and the moon shed no light.”

“The flood was produced by a union of the male waters, which are above the firmament (the rain) and the female waters issuing from the earth (the oceans).  The upper waters rushed through the space left when God removed two stars out of the constellation Pleiades.” (37­pl62)

From this part of the legend we see very clear reference to the fact that the sun disappeared.  Also associated with this particular time were the earthquakes, lightning, thunder, and, of course, the deluge.  All the major points of our theory are represented in this legend.  The story of Noah is not the only tale regarding the cata­clysm.  The story of Job we feel also occurred at the time of the reversal.  It is unknown how old the Book of Job is, but it is well accepted to be of very great antiquity.  The story tells us that Job lived in the land of Uz and that he was a wealthy land owner, possessing thousands of sheep and camels and other animals.  The story continues to tell us that on a certain day a tremendous catas­trophe befell Job and his family.  The first messenger of ill tidings came to Job to inform him: “A fire of God is fallen from heaven, and hath burned up the sheep, and the servants, and consumed them; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.” (Job 1: 16)

This passage is depicting when the sun novaed and the hot gases scorched the surface of the earth facing the sun.  Shortly, there­after, a second messenger came to Job to tell him: “Thy sons and thy daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother’s house; and, behold there came a great wind from across the wilder­ness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young people, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.” (Job 1:18)

This passage could be describing to us two possible events.  One being when the jet stream was lowered to sea level and devestated


the surface of the earth with winds approaching 400 miles an hour; or, it could be describing the atmosphere as it is evacuated from the sun’s side of the earth when the gas shell of the nova reaches the earth.

Later on in the story of Job, he describes a world that is devoid of light.  Of course, telling us the period of time when the sun was not giving off visible light: “Before I go whence I shall not return (leaving his former home), even to the land of darkness and of the shadow of death; A land of thick darkness, as darkness itself; A land of the shadow of death, without any order, And where the light is as darkness.” (Job 10:21-22)

Later on we again see reference to the darkness and the fire: “All darkness is laid up for his treasures; A fire not blown by man shall consume him; It shall go ill with him that is left in his tent.  The heavens shall reveal his iniquity, and the earth shall rise up against him.” (Job 20:26-27)

We have found nothing in the biblical stories of Noah or Job that disagrees with our premise of what occurred on the earth and in the universe at this very special moment in time.

While going through the legends of the Jews, we came across reference to the Star of David.  As mentioned in Chapter Nine, we believe the Star of David is a silhouette of an octahedron crystal, the real message to man being that his existence originates from a structure shaped similarly to an octahedron crystal.  To fully under­stand what God is telling Abraham, we must understand what the covenant between God and Abraham was.  It is believed he was told that if Abraham kept his covenant with God, Abraham’s de­scendants would eventually evolve to a more perfect state of man.

The following is the dialogue from the book, Legend of the Jews, between God and Abraham: “God held out the promise to him that in time to come his name would be mentioned in the Benedictions, God would be praised as the Shield of Abraham, a distinction accorded to no other mortal except David.  But the words, ‘And be thou a blessing,’ will be fulfilled only in the future world, when the seed of Abraham shall be known among the nations and his offspring among the peoples as ‘the seed which the Lord hath blessed.’ “ (37-p2l8)

The Shield of Abraham is the Jewish Star to which we have referred.  You can now see the relationship between understanding



what that hexagram means and evolving to what existence is which, of course, leads to what God is.


Mythologies of Greece

Greek mythology is most commonly known as classical mythology.  The Roman mythologies are, for all intensive purposes, the same as the Greek ones; so to avoid duplication we will not bother covering Roman folklore.

There are three great Greek philosophers who wrote about these ancient mythologies and past world cycles.  They are Hesiod (around 700 B.C.), Solon (630 B.C.-560 B.C.), and Plato (428 B.C.­347 B.C.).

These and other Greek philosophers theorized in different ways how the creation of the universe came about and its relationship with God.

In Plato’s book, Timaeus, he tells us that the universe has a soul and that this soul is God.  He looks at spirit as being good and mat­ter as being evil.  As mentioned in B. Jowett’s book, The Dialogues of Plato, he analyzes Plato’s conception of the universe.

“The astronomy of Plato is based on the two principles of the same and the other, which God combined in the creation of the world.  The soul, which is compounded of the same, the other, and the essence, is diffused from the center to the circumference of the heavens.  We speak of a soul of the universe; but more truly regarded, the universe of the Timacus is a soul, governed by mind, and holding in solution a residuum of matter or evil, which the author of the world is unable to expel, and of which Plato cannot tell us the origin.  The creation, in Plato’s sense, is really the creation of order.” (42-p681)

We wholeheartedly agree with Plato on his analysis of the rela­tionship between the conscious entity of the universe and the physical universe itself.

From the writings of Hesiod, we read again of the concept of four previous ages that flourished on the earth.  The first was known as the golden race of mortal man.  They lived in the time of Cronos, the old sun-god.  These people are described as gods, knowing nothing of disease or strife.  The earth provided for all their needs



in great abundance.  This race of men was destroyed when the earth covered them.  Then God produced the second race of men, known as the silver race.  These men were less noble than the previous race.  They were not like the golden race in either their body or spirit.  Hesiod describes these people as being foolish in their ways.  “Zeus (the new sun), the son of Cronos was angry and put them away, because they would not give honour to the blessed gods who live on Olympus.” (39-pl3)

This is telling us that the sun had destroyed this generation of men.  A third generation of men was then produced.  “Zeus the Father made a third generation of mortal men, a brazen race, sprung from ash-trees; and it was in no way equal to the silver age, but was terrible and strong.” (39-pl3)

They loved violence.  They were of large stature; and, indeed, today we would call them giants.  Their weapons and implements were made of bronze.  This description of giants is similar to one we have heard from Central America and other parts of the world.  This race of men was destroyed partially by their own hands and the rest by the cataclysm.  The fourth race of men produced by Zeus, the son of Cronos, were like demi-gods.  These were destroyed by the ocean.

The fifth race of men is us.  Hesiod calls us “a race of iron.”

“Men never rest from labour and sorrow by day, and from perishing by night; and the gods shall lay sore trouble upon them . . . Zeus will destroy this race of mortal men also when they come to have grey hair on the temples at their birth.  The father will not agree with his children, nor the children with their father, nor guest with his host, nor comrade with comrade; nor will brother be dear to brother as aforetime.  Men will dishonour their parents as they grow quickly old, and will carp at them, chiding them with bitter words, hard-hearted they, not knowing the fear of the gods.  They will not repay their aged parents the cost of their nurture, for might shall be their right: and one man will sack an­other’s city.  There will be no favour for the man who keeps his oath or for the just or for the good; but rather men will praise the evil-doer and his violent dealing.  Strength will be right and reverence will cease to be; and the wicked will hurt the worthy man, speaking false words against him, and will swear an oath upon them.  Envy, foul-mouthed, delighting in evil, with scowling face, will go along with wretched men one and all.” (39-pl7)



Even though Hesiod’s descriptions of the four ages are slightly different from others we have seen, the same basic idea shows up­that there were three or four previous civilizations or world ages before our own.  These world ages were divided by world cata­clysms.  Men successively degenerated after each of these cata­clysms.  Today is truly considered the iron age, the most base and ignoble of any of the previous ages.  Hesiod is much more descrip­tive when it comes to telling us what occurred during the last cataclysm.  This account is told to us in his book, Theogony.  The legend begins by telling us that the Titans of heaven are fighting in the sky over the earth.  The sun-god, Zeus, drives off the combat­ants with a fierce expression.  The legend then tells us what Zeus, the sun, looks like from the earth’s vantage point and what oc­curred on the earth at this time.

“From his shoulders grew an hundred heads of a snake, a fearful dragon, with dark, flickering tongues, and from under the brows of his eyes in his marvellous heads flashed fire, and fire burned from his heads as he glared.  And there were voices in all his dreadful heads which uttered every kind of sound unspeakable; for at one time they made sounds such that the gods understood, but at another, the noise of a bull bellowing aloud in proud ungovernable fury; and at another, the sound of a lion, relentless of heart; and at another, sounds like whelps, won­derful to hear; and again, at another, he would hiss, so that the high mountains re-echoed.  And truly a thing past help would have happened on that day, and he would have come to reign over mortals and im­mortals, had not the father of men and gods been quick to perceive it.  But he thundered hard and mightily: and the earth around resounded terribly and the wide heaven above, and the sea and ocean’s streams and the nether parts of the earth.  Great Olympus reeled beneath the divine feet of the king as he arose and earth groaned thereat.  And through the two of them heat took hold on the dark-blue sea, through the thunder and lightning, and through the fire from the monster, and the scorching winds and blazing thunderbolt.  The whole earth seethed, and sky and sea: and the long waves raged along the beaches round and about, at the rush of the deathless gods: and there arose an endless shaking.  Hades trembled where he rules over the dead below, and the Titans under Tartarus who live with Cronos, because of the unending clamour and the fearful strife.  So when Zeus had raised up his might and seized his arms, thunder and lightning and lurid thunderbolt, he leaped from Olympus and struck him, and burned all the marvellous head of the monster about him.  But when Zeus had conquered him and lashed him


with strokes, Typhoeus was hurled down, a maimed wreck, so that the huge earth groaned.  And flame shot forth from the thunder-stricken lord in the dim rugged glens of the mount, when he was smitten.  A great part of huge earth was scorched by the terrible vapour and melted as tin melts when heated by men’s art in channelled crucibles; or as iron, which is hardest of all things, is softened by glowing fire in moun­tain glens and melts in the divine earth through the strength of Hephaes­tus.  Even so, then, the earth melted in the glow of the blazing fire.  And in the bitterness of his anger Zeus cast him into wide Tartarus (hell). (39-pl39)

Hesiod’s description of the cataclysm proves many of the main points we theorized occurs during the reversal.  He mentioned the earthquakes, the noise, heat, lightning, and the deluge.  A better description of the deluge is told from the viewpoint of the God, Jupiter.  In this legend, the previous age was the iron age.

“Jupiter had kept a close watch over men’s actions during all these years; and this evil conduct aroused his wrath to such a point, that he vowed he would annihilate the human race.  But the modes of destruc­tion were manifold, and, as he could not decide which would eventu­ally prove most efficacious, he summoned the gods to deliberate and aid him by their counsels.  The first suggestion offered, was to destroy the world by fire, kindled by Jupiter’s much-dreaded thunderbolts; and the king of gods was about to put it into instant execution, when his arm was stayed by the objection that the rising flames might set fire to his own abode, and reduce its magnificence to unsightly ashes.  He therefore rejected the plan as impracticable, and bade the gods devise other means of destruction.

After much delay and discussion, the immortals agreed to wash man­kind off the face of the earth by a mighty deluge.  The winds were instructed to gather together the rain clouds over the earth.  Neptune let loose the waves of the sea, bidding them rise, overflow, and deluge the land.  No sooner had the gods spoken, than the elements obeyed: the winds blew; the rain fell in torrents; lakes, seas, rivers, and oceans broke their bonds; and terrified mortals, forgetting their petty quarrels in a common impulse to flee from the death which threatened them, climbed the highest mountains, clung to uprooted trees, and even took refuge in the light skiffs they had constructed in happier days.  Their efforts were all in vain, however; for the waters rose higher and higher, overtook them one after another in their ineffectual efforts to escape, closed over the homes where they might have been so happy, and drowned their last despairing cries in their seething depths.


The rain continued to fall, until, after many days, the waves covered all the surface of the earth except the summit of Mount Parnassus, the highest peak in Greece.  On this mountain, surrounded by the ever-rising flood, stood the son of Prometheus, Deucalion, with his faithful wife Pyrrha, a daughter of Epimetheus and Pandora.  From thence they, the sole survivors, viewed the universal desolation with tear-dimmed eyes.” (40-p37)

Another excellent description of the cataclysm is told in the legend of Phaeton, son of Apollo, the sun.  As the legend tells it, Phaeton wished to drive his father’s solar chariot; but after being given permission to drive the solar chariot, he found he could not control the sun.  The legend picks up from there and describes to us what occurred on the planet during Phaeton’s faithful ride.

“For an hour or two Phaeton bore in mind his father’s principal injunc­tions, and all went well; but later, elated by his exalted position, he became very reckless, drove faster and faster, and soon lost his way.  In finding it again he drove so close to the earth, that all the plants shriveled up, the fountains and rivers were dried in their mossy beds, the smoke began to rise from the parched and blackened earth, and even the people of the land over which he was passing were burned black, a hue retained by their descendants to this day.

Terrified at what he had done, Phaeton whipped up his steeds, and drove so far away, that all the vegetation which had survived the intense heat came to an untimely end on account of the sudden cold.

The cries of mortals rose in chorus, and their clamors became so loud and importunate, that they roused Jupiter from a profound sleep, and caused him to look around to discover their origin.  One glance of his all-seeing eye sufficed to reveal the damaged earth and the youthful charioteer.  How had a beardless youth dared to mount the sun chariot? Jupiter could scarcely credit what he saw.  In his anger he vowed he would make the rash mortal expiate his presumption by immediate death.  He therefore selected the deadliest thunderbolt in his arsenal, aimed it with special care, and hurled it at Phaeton, whose burned and blackened corpse fell from his lofty seat down into the limpid waves of the Eridanus River.” (40-p85)

In all three of these legends we see clear reference between the relationship of the sun to the cataclysm, but this is not the only factor we find in the Greek mythologies.  Plato, in his dialogue,



“The Statesman,” believes that these cataclysms are caused by the earth reversing its motion.

“There was a time when God directed the revolutions of the world, but at the completion of a certain cycle he let go; and the world, by a necessity of its nature, turned back, and went round the other way.  For divine things alone are unchangeable, but the earth and heavens, al­though endowed with many glories, have a body, and are therefore liable to perturbation.  In the case of the world, the perturbation is very slight, and amounts only to a reversal of motion.... But the truth is, that there are two cycles of the world, and in one of them it is governed by an immediate Providence, and receives life and immortality, and in the other is let go again, and has a reverse action during infinite ages.  This new action is spontaneous, and is due to exquisite perfection of balance, to the vast size of the universe, and to the smallness of the pivot upon which it turns.  All changes in the heaven affect the animal world, and this being the greatest of them, is most destructive to men and animals.  At the beginning of the cycle before our own very few of them had survived; and on these a mighty change passed.” (42-p435)

Plato, we believe, reached this conclusion after himself research­ing the many ancient records of his day, which we do not have at our disposal today.  From his ancient records, he had correctly concluded that some of the cataclysm was caused by the earth changing its rotation.  The pivot to which Plato was referring, we believe to be the time of the reversal.  When the information that makes up the magnetic field changes polarity and crosses the imag­inary X axis, we believe that the information, from which Plato derived this conclusion, came from a previous, more advanced civilization that inhabited the planet.  This will be further expound­ed upon in the mythologies of Egypt.  Previous to our theory of existence, no philosopher or scientist would take seriously Plato’s contention that the earth reversed its motion; but with our Theory of Multidimensional Reality, it is but an obvious calculable con­clusion to the theory of magnetism.  We again see Plato referring to the sun rising in the west in the Atreus myth.  The Greek philoso­pher, Censorinus, called these periods of cataclysms, the supreme year.  The supreme year marked the close and the beginning of a new world age.  The Greek word, ‘kataklysmos,’ is associated with the supreme year; and it means a great winter, or what we would call the ice age.  Another Greek word, ‘ekpyrosis,’ also associated with the supreme year, means combustion of the world. (3-p4l)


In Plato’s dialogue, “The Republic,” he tells us that the great year occurs every 36,000 years. (41-pl94) We can easily see that 36,000 is a product of 3 x 12,000.  Evidently, some of the source material that Plato relied on was not totally complete.  They knew that the time between the cataclysms had something to do with the number 12,000, but did not know exactly what it meant.  Plato’s timetable is a little different from that of the Greek philoso­pher, Heraclitus (540 B.C. to 475 B.C.). Heraclitus believed that the world was destroyed by a conflagration every 10,800 years.  This number is exactly like the Hindu legend, but he might have picked up the idea from them. (3-p4l)

Again we see from the Greek legends, ample proof and historical evidence that a cataclysm occurred on the planet at the same time the sun novaed and baked one-half of the earth.  The deluge and the ice age are also well covered in these Greek mythologies.


The Mythologies of the Nordics

The Norsemen belong to what is called the Aryan race.  Some scholars believe they originated from the northern plateau of Iran in Asia.  They later migrated north and west to occupy the lands around the North Sea and North Central Europe.  Their mythologies are uniquely Teutonic and do not resemble the mythologies of their alleged origin.  Their legend of the beginning of the universe is, though, similar to the Greeks and Hindus.  They believe that in the beginning, there was no earth, just darkness throughout the entire universe.  There existed one powerful, invisible intelligence which they called “Allfather.” The earth came into being along with the rest of the universe whenever Allfather willed it into existence.  Again we see the theme that the universe is the creation of a consious intelligence (a thought form).  The Norsemen have a legend that has a very good description of the world after the cataclysm struck the earth.  Some of the sequence of events is out of order, but they mention many of the major points that we theorized.  They say that in the beginning of our time, the earth was enveloped in perpetual twilight.  This, of course, describes the red sun which did not produce as much light as does our sun of today.  The world was also covered with mist and smoke, which they called Nifl-Heim.  In the center of their land, they mention


the existence of a bubbling hot spring of water called Hvergelmir.  From this spring came forth 12 great streams.  Notice that the number 12 also shows up in their mythology:

“As the water of these streams flowed swiftly away from its source and encountered the cold balsts from the yawning gulf, it soon hardened into huge blocks of ice, which rolled downward into the immeasurable depths of the great abyss with a continual roar like thunder.

South of this dark chasm, and directly opposite Nifl-Heim the realm of mist, was another world called Muspells-Heim, the home of clemental fire, where all was warmth and brightness, and whose frontiers were continually guarded by Surtr, the flame giant.  This giant fiercely bran­dished his flashing sword, and continually sent forth great showers of sparks (lightning) which fell with a hissing sound upon the ice blocks in the bottom of the abyss, and partly melted them by their heat.

As the steam rose in clouds it again encountered the prevailing cold, and was changed into rime (rain) or hoar-frost, which, layer by layer, filled up the great central space.  Thus by the continual action of cold and heat, and also probably by the will of the uncreated and unseen (God) a gigantic creature called Ymir or Orgelmir (seething clay), the personification of the frozen ocean, came to life amid the ice-blocks in the abyss, and as he was born of rime he was called a Hrim-thurs, or ice­giant.” (43-p2)

This is one of the best descriptions we have of the ice age.  This legend implies that the Aryans migrated to Northern Europe very shortly after the sun novaed.  Otherwise, they would not have ob­served the perpetual twilight or the lightning and the huge glaciers.

In one of the legends of Odin, sometimes associated with the sun, he destroys the frost-giant, Ymir.  As he died “the blood gushed from his wounds in such floods that it produced a great deluge, in which all his race perished, with the exception of Bergel­mir, who escaped in a boat and went with his wife to the confines of the world.” (43-p4)

This legend has some similarity with the Noah legend.  The Nordics also have a legend describing the appearance of the new sun which is called Dag.

“As soon as the gods became aware of this beautiful being’s existence they provided a chariot for him also, drawn by the resplendent white steed Skin-faxi (shining mane), from whose mane bright beams of light shone forth in every direction, illuminating all the world, and bringing light and gladness to all.” (43-p8)


This must have been a glorious time for celebrating the end of the ice age.  The sun must have been shielded by clouds for several generations before most of the moisture was finally out of the atmosphere.

The Nordics believe that their race was preceded by a god-like race that lived to the land west of them.  They believed that these ancestors were destroyed by a great earthly conflict between good and evil gods.  The benevolent gods were headed by Odin along with Aesir (12 northern gods), Vanas (sea and wind gods), and Einheriar (Odin’s guest).  The evil spirits were Hel (goddess of death), Liki (god of fire), Surtr (flame giant), Garm (dog of Hel), Fenris (the wolf), and lormungandr (the terrible ocean serpent).  The field of battle was a broad plain called Vigrid.  As legend tells it, the beginning of this world battle occurred when “the e grew sad and cold, and the terrible Fimbul-winter began.  Then snow fell from the four points of the compass at once, the biting winds swept down from the north, and all the earth was covered with a thick layer of ice.”

“Grim Fimbul raged, and o’er the world

Tempestuous winds and snowstorms hurled;

The roaring ocean icebergs ground,

And flung its frozen foam around,

E’en to the top of mountain height;

No warming air

Nor radiance fair

Of gentle Summer’s soft’ning light,

Tempered this dreadful glacial night.” (43-p330)

After this occurred, “the whole earth trembled and shook, the stars, affrighted, fell from their places, and Loki, Fenris, and Garm, renewing their efforts, rent their chains asunder and rushed forth to take their revenge.” (43-p331)

After this happened, the benevolent gods were warned by Heim­dall, who blew his horn, which was heard around the world, that the battle was about to begin.  All the gods then proceeded to the battle ground, Vigrid.

“The terrible Midgard snake lormungandr had been aroused by the general disturbance, and with immense writhings and commotion, whereby the seas were lashed into huge waves such as had never before


disturbed the deeps of ocean, he crawled out upon the land, and hastened to join the dread fray, in which he was to play a prominent part.

In giant wrath the Serpent tossed

In ocean depths, till, free from chain, He rose upon the foaming main;

Beneath the lashings of his tail,

Seas, mountain high, swelled on the land;

Then, darting mad the waves acrost,

Pouring forth bloody froth like hail (red dust)

Spurting with poisoned, venomed breath

Foul, deadly mists o’er all the Earth,

Thro’ thundering surge, he sought the strand.” (43-p332)


“At the same time, Hel, the goddess of death, crept through a crevice in the earth out of her underground home (lava).” (43-p333)

In the beginning of the battle, Fenris and Iormungandr belched forth fire and smoke of “noxious, deathly vapours, which filled all heaven and earth with their poisonous breath (the red dust from the sun).” The roar of battle filled the universe.  The first benevo­lent god to perish was Odin, the sun.  Eventually the other benevo­lent gods were also destroyed.

“The other gods who took part in the fray, and all the Einheriar having now perished, Surtr suddenly flung his fiery brands over heaven, earth, and the nine kingdoms of Hel.  The raging flames enveloped the massive stem of the world ash Yggdrasil, and reached the golden palaces of the gods, which were utterly consumed.  The vegetation upon earth was likewise destroyed, and the fervent heat made all the waters seethe and boil.

The great conflagration raged fiercely until everything was consumed, when the earth, blackened and scarred, slowly sank beneath the boiling waves of the sea.  Ragnarok (day of atonement) had indeed come; the world tragedy was over, the divine actors were slain, and chaos seemed to have resumed its former sway.” (43-p336)

The only survivors from this godly race were Lifthrasir and his wife, Lif.  After the cataclysm had passed, they emerged from their cave to repopulate the earth.

From the previous two mythologies, we see, excellent descrip-


tions of the events that transpired on the earth before, during, and after the sun novaed.  The description of the ice age is so far the best one we have come across.  From their description you can almost see the mountain-high sheets of groaning, moving ice dev­astating the land below.  It is truly amazing that anyone survived in this part of the world during the cataclysm.  We again hear of a god-like race of men which has been mentioned many previous times.  For lack of a better description of this god-like race, we will call them the Atlantians.  It is almost unimportant if that is what their actual name was.  What is important is the obvious fact that some highly advanced civilization did exist on the earth before the last cataclysm.


The Mythologies of the Ancient Britons

The ancient Celts originated from the Aryan race that had migrated to Western Europe.  The Britons had similar mythologies to the Nordics.  They also believed that a former civilization existed on the earth prior to the last great cataclysm.  The ancient Britons believed that this antedeluvian civilization had done great evil against God.

“The profligacy of mankind had provoked the great Supreme to send a pestilential wind upon the earth.  A pure poison descended, every blast was death.  At this time the patriarch, distinguished for his integrity, was shut up, together with his select company, in the inclosure with the strong door (a cave).  Here the just ones were safe from injury.  Presently a tempest of fire arose.  It split the earth asunder to the great deep.  The lake Llion burst its bounds, and the waves of the sea lifted themselves on high around the borders of Britain, the rain poured down from heaven, and the waters covered the earth.” (1-pl35)

In a Gaelic legend, the gods of good and evil did mortal combat on a field of battle.  Just before the battle began, an omen appeared in the sky: “A wonderful thing has come to pass to-day; for the sun, it seems to me, has risen in the west.” (44-pl23)

Again we see a remembrance from ancient man that the ante­diluvian sun rose in the west and set in the east.



The Mythologies of Egypt

We left the Egyptian legends for last because we believe that Egypt was originally settled by the survivors of the advanced civilization that existed on the earth before the last cataclysm.  We are not bothering to go through each Egyptian legend because they are superfluous compared to a dialogue given in Plato’s Timaeus.  From Plato’s book we read of a conversation between the ancient Greek philosopher, Solon, (630 B.C. to 560 B.C.) and several Egyptian priests, while Solon was in Egypt to learn of their ancient teachings.  During the dialogue, Solon was explaining to the Egyp­tians the Greek understanding of their ancient history.  One of the very old Egyptian priests interrupted Solon and said:

“ ‘O, Solon, Solon, you Hellenes are never anything but children, and there is not an old man among you.’ Solon in return asked him what he meant.  ‘I mean to say,’ he replied, ‘that in mind you are all young; there is no old opinion handed down among you by ancient tradition, nor any science which is hoary with age.  And I will tell you why.  There have been, and will be again, many destructions of mankind arising out of many causes; the greatest have been brought about by the agencies of fire and water, and other lesser ones by innumerable other causes.  There is a story, which even you have preserved, that once upon a time Phaethon, the son of Helios, (Apollo) having yoked the steeds in his father’s chariot, because he was not able to drive them in the path of his father, burnt up all that was upon the earth, and was himself de­stroyed by a thunderbolt.  Now this has the form of a myth, but really signifies a declination of the bodies moving in the heavens around the earth, and a great conflagration of things upon the earth, which recurs after long intervals; at such times those who live upon the mountains and in dry and lofty places are more liable to destruction than those who dwell by rivers or on the sea-shore.  And from this calamity we are preserved by the liberation of the Nile, who is our never-failing saviour.  When, on the other hand, the gods purge the earth with a deluge of water, the survivors in your country are herdsmen and shepherds who dwell on the mountains, but those who, like you, live in cities are carried by the rivers into the sea.  Whereas in this land, neither then nor at any other time, does the water come down from above on the fields, having always a tendency to come up from below; for which reason the traditions preserved here are the most ancient.... Whereas just when you and other nations are beginning to be provided with letters and the other requisites of civilized life, after the usual interval, the stream from


heaven, like a pestilence, comes pouring down, and leaves only those of you who are destitute of letters and education; and so you have to begin all over again like children, and know nothing of what happened in ancient times, either among us or among yourselves.  As for those genealogies of yours which you just now recounted to us, Solon, they are no better than the tales of children.  In the first place you remember a single deluge only, but there were many previous ones; in the next place, you do not know that there formerly dwelt in your land the fairest and noblest race of men which ever lived, and that you and your whole city are descended from a small seed or remnant of them which survived.  And this was unknown to you, because, for many generations, the survivors of that destruction died, leaving no written word.’ (42-p7l0)

The old Egyptian priest continued to tell Solon that Athens and Egypt were both settled by a goddess who was a survivor from this god-like race.  “She founded your city a thousand years before ours, receiving from the Earth and Hephaestus the seed of your race, and afterwards she founded ours, of which the consti­tution is recorded in our sacred registers to be 8,000 years old.  As touching your citizens of 9,000 years ago.” (42-p7l2)

With a little arithmetic, we can easily calculate the date at which Athens was allegedly founded.  The time of this dialogue was approximately 600 B.C. We add 9,000 years preceeding Solon and 1,977 years of our era, and we come up with an approximate founding date for the city of Athens of 11,577 years ago.  Let’s assume that it took at least 200 years for the survivors of the cataclysm to propagate in numbers great enough to form and warrant a city.  We can come up with an approximate date for the end of the cataclysm of 11,800 years.  An Egyptian theory re­corded by Herodotus said “that during eleven thousand three hundred and forty years of Egyptian history the sun of four occa­sions altered his course, ‘twice rising where he now sets and twice setting where he now rises.’ “ (41-pl93)

Abetter way of saying this is, that every 11,340 years, the earth reverses its direction of rotation; thereby, causing the cataclysms that come at the end of each world age.



Chapter Conclusion

We have covered the mythologies of 64 different societies and tribes throughout the entire world.  All of them say that at one time there was a great deluge.  On this point there is no exception.  Ten of these societies specifically said that the sun rose in the west and set in the east.  Other societies amplified this point by saying that the sun stopped in the sky.  These two points alone prove our theory that the earth changes rotation at the end of each cycle.  In the past, archeologiest and scientists were not able to understand why societies all over the world mentioned this unusual phenome­non.  This is because scientists had an inaccurate view of existence.  With our theory of existence, we must conclude that modem man should take many of these ancient tales of the cataclysm literally.  We will go so far as to say that our theory of existence is the only one that does make sense of all these cataclysm legends.  Many archeologists like to think that these legends are nothing more than the product of the vivid imaginations of our ancestors, but there are two big problems with that theory.  One: what would be the motive of all these primitive people in telling the same lie? We see no logical motive for over 64 societies scattered throughout the world, which had no way of communicating with each other, to tell the same lie!

The second important reason is that many of the ancient arche­ological finds, such as the massive stone cities found in the moun­tains of Peru, the huge tunnel systems found in Ecuador, pyramids found all over the world, and the wide stone streets found in the Carribean off the island of Bimini, all prove there was a highly advanced civilization on the planet.  We must be able to explain these massive construction projects with some kind of motive.  We see no other motive for the construction of caves and pyramids or cities on top of mountains other than as shelters from a cataclysm that struck the earth.  Over half of these societies specifically men­tion the sun as causing the conflagration on the earth and also the sun being associated with the flood.  To put it very plainly, the evidence is literally overwhelming that such a cataclysm occurred approximately 12,000 years ago; but, also, the causes of this cataclysm are exactly what we theorize in our Theory of Multi­dimensional Reality.

Most archeologists and laymen would ignore the idea that a 416

highly advanced civilization existed before the last cataclysm.  Their line of reasoning is that, if such an advanced civilization did exist, why do we not see real evidence of their existence? As we mentioned earlier, those caves and pyramids are the evidence of their existence.  What the archeologiest forget is that if a cataclysm struck the earth in the way we define it in this book, there logically wouldn’t be much evidence left of any previous civilization.  Any relics would be buried under many feet of sediment deposited by the oceans rushing across the continents, or melted and inciner­ated by the blast of the sun.  Even if, miraculously, an object, say a car, did survive on the back side of the earth on some nice, high mountain top, within 5,000 or 6,000 years that car would be so decomposed that we couldn’t recognize it for anything other than a pile of iron oxide.  Maybe the best and most important relic we have from this antedeluvian world is some of the ideas about exist­ence that still survives in the teachings of the Taoists, Brahmans, Jews, Egyptians, and Greeks, to mention just a few.  Look at it this way: after the next cataclysm, we will be merely a memory for the next civilization; we will be their Atlantis.




1.     Donnelly, I., “Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel” (N.Y.,D. Appleton, 1885).

2.         Dixon, D., “The Mythology of all Races, vol. 9-Oceanic” (Boston, Marshall Jones Co., 1916).

3.         Velikovsky, I., “Words in Collision” (Victor Gollancz, Lon­don, 1950).

4.         Daniken, Erich von, “The Gold of the Gods” (N.Y., Bantam Books, 1974).

5.         Bancroft, H. H., “The Native Races, vol. 3-Myths and Lan­guages” (San Francisco, The History Comp., 1886).

6.         Brinton, D. C., “American Hero-Myths” (Philadelphia, H. C. Watts & Co., 1882).




7.         Leon-Portilla, M., “Time and Reality in the Thought of the Maya” (Boston, Beacon Press, 1973).

8.         Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 16; The Texts of Confucianism, the Yi King” (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1882).

9.         Alexander, H. B., “The Mythology of all Races, vol. 10­North America” (London, Marshall Jones, 1916).

10.        Brinton, D. C., “Myths of the New World” (Philadelphia, David McKay, 1896).

11.        Beals, C., “Stories Told by the Aztecs Before the Spaniards Came” (N.Y., Abelard-Schuman, 1970).

12.        The Holy Scriptures (The Old Testament), (Philadelphia, The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1958).

13.        Beckwith, M., “Hawaiian Mythology” (Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 1970).

14.        Dorsey, G. A., “The Mythology of the Wichita” (Carnegie Institute of Washington, D.C., 1904).

15.        Dorsey, G. A., “The Pawnee Mythology, Pt. 1 “ (Washington, D.C., Carnegie Institute of Washington, D.C., 1906).

16.        Alexander, H. B., “The Mythology of All Races, vol. 11­Latin America” (London, Marshall Jones, 1920).

17.        Williamson, R. W., “Religious and Cosmic Beliefs of Central Polynesia” (Cambridge, University Press, 1933).

18.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East-vol. 3; The Sacred Books of China” (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1899).

19.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East-vol. 39; The Texts of Taoism” (Oxford, University Press, 1891).

20.        Mackenzie, D. A., “Myths of China and Japan” (London, Gresham Publishing Co., 1923).

21.        Ferguson, J. C., and Anesaki, M., “The Mythology of all the Races, vol. 8” (Boston, Marshall Jones Co., 1937).

22.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 40; The Texts of Taoism-Pt. 2” (Oxford, University Press, 1891).

23.        Mackenzie, D. A., “Indian Myth and Legend” (London, Gres­ham Publishing Co., 1913).

24.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 25; The Books of Manu” (Oxford, University Press, 1886).

25.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 12; Satapatha-Brahmana” (Oxford, University Press, 1882).

26.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 15; The Upanisads” (Oxford, University Press, 1900).

27.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 34; The Vedanta-Sutras” (Oxford, University Press, 1890).

28.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 43; The Satapatha-Brahmana” (Oxford, University Press, 1897).

29.        Mackenzie, D. A., “Myths of Babylonia and Assyria” (Lon­don, The Gresham Publishers, 193-).

30.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 5; Pahlavi Texts-Pt. 1” (Oxford, University Press, 1880).

31.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 18; Pahlavi Texts-Pt. 2” (Oxford, University Press, 1885).

32.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 24; Pahlavi Texts-Pt. 3” (Oxford, University Press, 1885).

33.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 37; Pahlavi Texts-Pt. 4” (Oxford, University Press, 1892).

34.        Muller, F. M., (ed.), “The Sacred Books of the East, vol. 47; Pahlavi Texts-Pt. 5” (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1897).

35.        Rogers, R. W., “The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria” (N.Y., Eaton & Mains, 1908).

36.        Holmberg, U., “The Mythology of all Races, vol. 4; Finno­Ugric, Siberian” (Boston, Marshall Jones Co., 1927).

37.        Ginzberg, L., “The Legends of the Jews” (Philadelphia, The Jewish Publications Society, 1913).




38.        Morgan, E., “Tao, the Great Luminant” (Taipei, Ch’eng-Wen Publishing Co., 1966).

39.        Evelyn-White, H. G., (Translator), “Hesiod-The Homeric Hymns and Momerica” (Cambridge, Mass., Harvard Univer­sity Press, 1936).

40.        Guerber, H. A., “Myths of Greece and Rome” (N.Y., Ameri­can Book Co., 1893).

41.        Stuart, J. A., “The Myths of Plato” (III., So.  Illinois Univer­sity Press, 1960).

42.        Jowett, B., “The Dialogues of Plato, vol. 3, 4th ed.” (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1953).

43.        Guerber, H. A., “Myths of the Norsemen” (London, George Harrap & Co., 1908).

44.        MacBain, A., “Celtic Mythology and Religion” (Stirling, Eneas Mackay, 1917).




Giles, L., Taoist Teachings-from the Book of Lieh Tzu’ (London

John Murray, 1925).

Waley, A., The Way and Its Power (London, George Allen & Un­win Ltd., 1934).

Wilhelm, R., and Baynes, C., The I Ching or the Book of Changes (N.Y., Bollingen Foundation, 1967).